1. Working session Title: Invasive Species I & II: GISIN cache system, file upload, and toolkit issues

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1. Working session Title: Invasive Species I & II: GISIN cache system, file upload, and toolkit issues
   1 󰁗󰁥󰁢󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁄󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁢󰁡󰁳󰁥󰁄󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁢󰁡󰁳󰁥󰁗󰁥󰁢󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁓󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁤󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁥󰁴󰁓󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁲󰁤󰁓󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁤󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁥󰁴󰁐󰁄󰁁󰁇󰁐󰁓󰁐󰁡󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁃󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁐󰁲󰁯󰁶󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁍󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁒󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁬 󰁡󰁮󰁤󰀯󰁯󰁲󰁔󰁡󰁸󰁯󰁮󰀭󰁓󰁰󰁥󰁣󰁩󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁇󰁉󰁓󰁉󰁎󰁃󰁡󰁣󰁨󰁥 󰁇󰁉󰁓󰁉󰁎 󰁄󰁡󰁴󰁡 󰁆󰁬󰁯󰁷󰁳 󰁒󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁹󰀬󰁍󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁍󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁯 󰁇󰁉󰁓󰁉󰁎 󰁮󰁯󰁴 󰁲󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁤󰁍󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁯 󰁇󰁉󰁓󰁉󰁎 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁯󰁣󰁯󰁬 󰁲󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁤 TDWG Working Group Report Annual Meeting, Tuesday PM (10 November 2009) 1. Working session Title: Invasive Species I & II: GISIN cache system, file upload, and toolkit issues Conveners’ names: Jim Graham, Michael Browne, Annie Simpson Brief list of attendees (not all names): Lee Belbin (Blatant Fabrications, Australia), Jim Ragle (IUCN, Switzerland), Elizabeth Arnaud (Bioversity, France), Elena Herzog (BiK-F, Germany), Garin Cael (Belgium Royal Museum for Central Africa), John Van Breda (Biodiverse IT, UK), Kyle Braak (GBIF, Denmark), Samy Gaiji (GBIF, Denmark), Christine Fournier (IABIN-I3N, USA), Joe Miller (NBII, USA), Charles Kahindo (Abertine Rift Conservation Society), Joshua Dein (NBII Wildlife Disease Information Node, USA), James Case (University of California-Davis, USA), Isabelle Mougenot (LIRMM, France), Thomas Le Bourgeois (CIRAD-UMR AMAP, France), Aimee Stewart (University of Kansas, USA), Donald Hobern (Atlas of Living Australia), Daniel Barthelemy (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France). 2. Short Abstract of the session progress The Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN) provides a platform to share invasive species information via the Internet and other digital means. This working session provided a brief overview of the GISIN's TAPIR-compliant system to cross search disparate invasive species information systems on the Web, reviewed user needs, and discussed the idea of a 'killer app' to prove the GISIN concept and provide decision-makers with tools to prioritize actions to confront the invasive species problem. Several new potential partnerships were identified, and members from a broader community (agriculture, wildlife disease) made suggestions for ways the GISIN can serve a broader audience. Next steps for strengthening the GISIN system to share information were discussed. An implementation of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit was sketched out after the meeting, and a file upload option (vs. Web services) is under development. A GISIN proposal to GBIF for seed funds to develop invasive species decision support tools at a global level has been submitted and accepted. To support the GISIN GBIF project, a scientific advisory group with expertise in invasive species modeling has been formed and is conversing via the TDWG invasive species wiki. 3. Key questions raised during the session Are the applications we create too complex for our users? How can we share information more effectively while keeping the value of the information high? Should our harvesting toolkit include the ability to upload flat files? What incentives can be offered to providers and users to share information? I.E, how can we address the issue that data providers want to get something back for sharing their data, e.g., a map, access to others' data, QA/QC tools, formatting tools, etc? Should we create a page with links to tools for data providers? Where should the data quality checks be performed? By the aggregator or the provider? And how can the persistence of the metadata be assured? Of the potential topics for discussion, the group chose "data provider workflow" and "killer apps for early warning and modeling" as most important.   2 What are the 'killer apps' that the GISIN should seek? Preliminary ideas: • Distribution maps (Predicted distribution) (Check out AquaMaps) • Points (Occurrences) • Climate-based predictive maps • Where are species invasive? Where are species native? Non-native? • Top potential invaders that “GISIN can predict” • Near-real time monitoring system • Models of predicted distributions over protected areas, land use change areas, EcoRegions, endangered other species' distributions • Trait mapping of invasive characteristics • Phylogenetics – individuals, populations, countries? 4. Suggestions/propositions/perspectives An offer was received from GBIF for funding to create maps, models, and other tools for decision makers at a global level. It was suggested that we create an online or hard copy fact sheet of useful links, e.g. coordinate converters, risk assessment tools, etc. Could be a wiki, where people could add links. It would be useful to overlay invasive species data with protected areas, land use, etc., to determine patterns. Determinations of where a species is native vs. invasive, combined with habitat and climate data, can be combined to predict where species will become invasive. In addition to offering simple file upload to share data with the GISIN, it was recommended that the GISIN data models be mapped to the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT) and a GISIN IPT online iinterface be created so that some providers may upload their information via the IPT. TOQE was described as a means to search other scientific names; it is a thesaurus expander (see: http://search.biocase.org/toqe/api.html). Biodiverse IT has developed a DBapp, a PDA application, that allow the user to take a picture, include GPS location, ability to add taxon name, adds collector metadata and automatically creates a CSV file. Aquamaps has a method of predicting marine species diversity http://www.aquamaps.org If large amounts of invasive species data are available only on paper, it would be worth setting up a project to create complete metadata for the datasets, scan them, and use OCR to enable access/interpretation. The GISIN, in addition to needing comprehensive identification guides and a taxonomic name resolver, also needs more complete gazetteers (achievable by the consolidation and expanding of existing ones). Note that Yahoo pipes currently offers a pretty good georeferencing functionality (it allows you to feed in data with locations via RSS, and display it globally on a map). 5. Relations with e-biosphere and data integration themes Several participants attended eBiosphere, but there was no official GISIN presence there. The sole purpose of this working group is to increase the interoperability of invasive species data/information at all levels. Products that GISIN needs that were also discussed at eBiosphere include: • Identification systems: possibly a combination of PlantNet, 20q, Lucid? • Name resolver: Global Names Architecture; Catalog of Life? • GUID Authority: GBIF or (if forced to do so) our own? • Gazetteer: combine multiple ones?   3 6. Potential collaboration identified (institutes, names and topics) GBIF with USGS and/or The Polistes Foundation, to develop a global application for invasive species decision support. GISIN with IDAO, for species identification and as data provider and consumer of data. They have 500 species of trees from India, plus about 200 other species. Their 'identikit' tool for species is revolutionary and intuitive. Park Rangers (Kruger NP) are using tools for collecting data (GPS built in) on handhelds. The IUCN Red List group could provide layers about threatened species. This additional information would enable better calculations of the impact of invasive species (on vulnerable native species). 7. Unexpected outputs An offer from GBIF for funding to create maps, models, and other tools for decision makers at a global level. The idea was presented that the GISIN could become a repository for invasive species models at all levels of granularity. The idea was discussed that a wildlife disease subgroup be created to work on integration of standards with medical and wildlife health communities. 8. Intentions to create or join a TDWG interest or Task group? This working session was organized and run by members of the existing TDWG Invasive Species Interest Group. There were participants from a broader spectrum of interest who may form an additional group related to wildlife disease information standards, or they may form a subgroup or task group. 9. Next steps? Annie, Jim, and Michael will write a proposal to GBIF for "Creating Tools for Invasive Species Decision Support at a Global Scale: Distribution Maps and Models of Predicted Potential Distribution." Annie will convene a Scientific Advisory Group for the proposal, and open a discussion including suggestions for the proposal from this group on the ISIG wiki (See highlight at: http://wiki.tdwg.org/InvasiveSpecies) Plans to create a report to the CBD-COP during the International Year for Biodiversity are being developed.
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