A Reading 4 | Dinosaurs | Extinction

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  Read the text below and answer the following questions. WHAT HAPPENED TO THE DINOSAURS? A number of different theories have been proposed to explain the death of the dinosaurs. Not all of them are considered to be successful to explain the treasons of the extinction of the dinosaurs. We know that about thirty species  lived in North America from 120 to 200 million years ago. We also know that the dinosaur was not a very intelligent animal- most dinosaurs had very small brains- and that they lived on earth for 100 million years. What we don’t’ know is why they   suddenly disappeared. Obviously something very unusual happened to cause their death. There are a lot of possibilities. One is that North America was hit by an enormous  drought. However, bones from thirty-five dinosaur species have just been discovered in China, and they died at the same time as the American animals, so it seems very unlikely that it was the responsible. That was a world problem, not a local one, like the big drought, which killed them all. That human beings killed the dinosaurs is a popular idea. This has proved to be wrong. Humans did not arrive until a million years ago. Acid rain, surprisingly, is one of the newer theories. It is possible that pollution from acid rain was caused by a meteor crashing into the earth. Changes in climate might be responsible. An ice age (there have been two ice ages since then) or an increase in the world temperatures could be both possible reasons of their extinction. Anyway, there is a lesson here for human beings. If the dinosaurs can all disappear, so can we. PART 1 –  Read the text and decide whether the following sentences are TRUE or FALSE according to the text. Circle T for True or F for False. T / F 1. Most people agree about why the dinosaurs disappeared. T / F 2. Dinosaurs lived 100 million years ago. T / F 3. A number of different types of dinosaur lived in China. T / F 4. Dinosaurs were highly intelligent. T / F 6. Drought probably was not responsible for their death. T / F 5. Human beings killed the dinosaur. T / F 7. A meteor definitely was not responsible for the extinction of dinosaurs. T / F 8. A sudden warming of the word might be a reason for their death  PART 2- Match the bold words in the text with the definitions below. There is one EXTRA word ____ 1. relating or restricted to a particular area or one’s neighborhood  A) propose _____ 2. very large in size, quantity, or extent B) species _____ 3. put forward (an idea or plan) for consideration or discussion by others C) enormous D) local PART 3. Read the text and write what each word refer to. 1.   “them” _______________________________________ 2.   “they” _______________________________________  3.   ”it”__________________________________________  4.   “this” _______________________________________    ANSWER KEY Read the text and decide whether the following sentences are TRUE or FALSE according to the text. Circle T for True or F for False. T / F 1. Most people agree about why the dinosaurs disappeared. T /   F 2. Dinosaurs lived 100 million years ago.. T / F 4. Dinosaurs were highly intelligent. T /   F 3. A number of different types of dinosaur lived in China T / F 5. Drought probably was not responsible for their death. T /   F 6. Human beings killed the dinosaur. T / F 7. A meteor definitely was not responsible for the extinction of dinosaurs.   T / F 8. A sudden warming of the word might be a reason for their death PART 2- Match the bold words in the text with the definitions below. There is one EXTRA word __D__ 1. relating or restricted to a particular area or one’s neighborhood  A) propose ___C__ 2. very large in size, quantity, or extent B) species ___A__ 3. put forward (an idea or plan) for consideration or discussion by others C) enormous D) local PART 3. Read the text and write what each word refer to. 1.   “them” _ a number of different theories______________________________________ 2.   “they” __ dinosaurs_____________________________________ 3.   ”it”______ drought ___________________________________ 4.   “this” ____human beings killed the dinosaours___________________________________
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