American Life in the Roaring Twenties

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American Life in the Roaring Twenties. Objective : Students will understand how Americans reacted to rapid social change during the 1920s . Seeing Red. After the war America became even more isolationist Standard of living and wages both sky rocketed in the twenties
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American Life in the Roaring TwentiesObjective: Students will understand how Americans reacted to rapid social change during the 1920s Seeing Red
  • After the war America became even more isolationist
  • Standard of living and wages both sky rocketed in the twenties
  • Americans feared the red Russians after the Bolshevik takeover
  • This was bolstered by the large number of labor disputes thought to be started by the communists
  • Red Scare came in 1919-1920 against people whose Americanism was suspect
  • Fighting Quaker—Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer
  • Rounded up thousands of suspects
  • House was blown up by a bomb in June of 1919
  • December 1919 249 aliens were deported to Russia
  • Bomb on Wall Street in September 1920 kept the hysteria alive
  • States passed criminal syndicalism laws
  • Anti Red laws made it illegal even to suggest using violence to solve a social problem in dozens of states
  • Officials elected on the Socialist ticket were even denied their rightful place in government—five in the New York legislature
  • Business used the red scare to break the labor unions
  • Murder trial of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
  • Millions worldwide protested against the trial but they were executed anyway
  • Hooded Hoodlums of the KKK
  • The new KKK of the 1920’s
  • Very nativist, antiblack, anti-Jewish, antipacifistic, anti-Communist, anti-internationalist, etc.
  • Pro Anglo Saxon, native American, Protestant
  • Extremely conservative
  • 1920 it had 5 million members mostly in the Midwest and South
  • Still used fear—burning cross, lash, tar and feather, etc. (Terrorism)
  • Reign ended in late 1920’s but lasted well into the late 20th century
  • Stemming the Foreign Flood
  • 800,000 immigrants arrived from Europe in 1920
  • US was against it, very isolationist, roaring 20’s, etc
  • Emergency Quota Act of 1921
  • Set the amount of immigrants the US would let in at 3% of the people from that country that were already in the US in 1910
  • Immigration Act of 1924
  • Cut quotas to 2% and changed it to 1890 instead of 1910
  • Didn’t allow any Japanese
  • Canadians and Latin Americans were exempt—could easily sent back when they weren’t needed for labor
  • Shift in policy from letting anybody in to the idea America was full
  • 1931 more immigrants left than arrived
  • Horace Kallen and Randolph Bourne—Cultural Pluralism
  • Championed alternative roles for the immigrants
  • Wanted them to maintain their lifestyles and identities
  • Advocated cross-fertilization of the races to make US a transnationality
  • The Prohibition Experiment
  • 18th amendment in 1919
  • Especially popular in South and West
  • Many believed the way to end the law was to violate it on a large enough scale
  • Jazz and booze went hand in hand
  • Enforcement agencies were understaffed and underpaid
  • Saloons were replaced with speakeasies—underground clubs
  • Prohibition made hard liquor more popular because it was too hard to conceal large amounts of alcohol mainly beer
  • Home brewed, bathtub gin, moonshine, etc became popular
  • Wasn’t a complete failure
  • Savings went up—less $ spent on liquor
  • Absenteeism from work went down
  • Alcohol consumption as a whole decreased
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