Area of Knowledge: History

of 8
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information Report



Views: 14 | Pages: 8

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Area of Knowledge: History. Turan Ketene Chris Bunker Sam Giner Christine Rominski. What kind of Knowledge Claims are made?. Claims about why an event happened Ex: Why did the Civil War happen? Based on point of view, basic facts Examples:
Area of Knowledge: HistoryTuran KeteneChris BunkerSam GinerChristine RominskiWhat kind of Knowledge Claims are made?
  • Claims about why an event happened
  • Ex: Why did the Civil War happen?
  • Based on point of view, basic facts
  • Examples:
  • New Deal was not a solution for the Great Depression
  • The navy did play an important role in the Vietnam War
  • How are they justified? Are any particular methods or tests used or required?
  • Pragmatic, Coherence, Correspondence
  • Reason, Emotion
  • Methods:
  • Pick out evidence that fits
  • Assemble in various ways, like a puzzle
  • Apply claims, analyze
  • Justified through
  • Research of historical evidence
  • Analysis of historical evidence
  • Example: Howard Zin uses newspapers and books from the times to analyze and make a historical claim
  • Is there a particular community of peers or experts who review or evaluate knowledge claims?
  • Yes
  • Peer review
  • Peer review communities
  • Example: International Journal of Anthropology
  • Historians
  • To what extent does the general public take part in evaluating knowledge claims?
  • Evaluate for themselves
  • Decide whether to believe the claim or not
  • Influenced by culture, sense of pride of nationality/ethnicity
  • Everyone has own “distortion” of history so what they choose to believe has to fit
  • Do changes in history/society/economic conditions/culture influence knowledge claims?
  • Yes; history is supposed to record these changes and analyze them  knowledge claims need to fit these changes
  • Example: Cultural change, historian needs to interpret the change and make a new knowledge claim
  • To what extent are particular ways of knowing (sense perception, reason, language, emotion) used in justifying claims?
  • Methods of justification
  • Language
  • Reason
  • Most actual evidence in history stems from ancient records and information, which take the form of language.
  • Records are typically incomplete, therefore require interpretation to build an accurate idea of history
  • Use reason: completing and inferring information from records.
  • Opinions of a group of experts come into play to ensure that the information decided upon remains consistent with the known historical record.
  • Examples:
  • Egypt’s Rosetta Stone
  • Livy’s history of Rome.
  • What do you view as particular strengths or weaknesses in justifying claims?
  • Most striking feature of the justification of historical claims as opposed to other knowledge claims is the way by which they are included in the historical record.
  • Typically a claim must be agreed upon by a panel of “experts”
  • Compared to existing records, before being certified as fact.
  • Strength: the comparison ensures that all new information is consistent with accepted fact
  • Weakness: inherently conservative—it is difficult to gain acceptance for new ideas.
  • Recommended
    View more...
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks