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MuseuM of A. H. MArgulAn, tHe InstItute of ArcHeology The British Council is the UK’s leading international organisation for educational and cultural relations. In an increasingly disconnected world, we believe in creating connections through cultural relations. We do this by bringing people together from different communities and cultures to share knowledge and ideas with each other to make a positive difference in our societies. All our programmes aim to build engagement, understanding and
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  MuseuM of A. H. MArgulAn,  tHe InstItute of ArcHeology   3   The British Council is the UK’s leading international organisation for educational andcultural relations. In an increasingly disconnected world, we believe in creating connectionsthrough cultural relations. We do this by bringing people together from different communitiesand cultures to share knowledge and ideas with each other to make a positive differencein our societies. All our programmes aim to build engagement, understanding and trustbetween people. And that is our contribution towards making our world a safer place tolive in. We have been active in Kazakhstan since 1994, and work with educators, learners, professionals and artists in the eld of English, education, exams and the arts. www.britishcouncil.kz Let’s begin with a known axiom: the formation of  an independent statebegins with study andcomprehension of the past, historical experience and the culture and traditionsof the people. Museumestablishments play a veryimportant role from thispoint of view.The Museum of Archeology at the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republicof Kazakhstan openedin 1973 at the initiativeof the First Secretary of the Central Committeeof Communist Party of Kazakhstan D.A.Kunaev asan object of storage and constant scientic study of  archaeological materials of the whole Kazakhstan onthe basis of the Academy of Sciences.It has been known in theinternational arena since1946, and has a rich fund of unique collections, a specialroom for products madeof precious metals and has highly skilled experts in theelds of archeology and museology. Archaeologicalcollections from several years of excavations form the the basis of themuseum. Among them youcan see unique materialswhich have universal value, from excavations of burial grounds of the Bronze Age,a collection that belongs toSaka and Wusun periods, and nds from ceramics, glasses, coins from excavation from Medieval cities like Otrar, Taraz,Turkestan and Talgar. Unlikespecialised state museumswhere collections from accidental nds, treasures and acquisitions can be collected, exhibits in the Museum of Archeology arespecial and incomparableby their collections found during excavations in funeral constructions, ancientcities and settlements. TheMuseum of Archeologywas formed as a resultof several generations of Kazakh scientists’ works since the 20th century: it stores not only historicalmemories of our people, but also personies the achievements of Kazakhscience and its stagesof development. TheMuseum of Archeologyhas had such outstanding scientists as: A.H.Margulan, A.N.Nusupbekov, E.I.Ageeva, G.I.Patsevich,K.A.Akishev, H.A.Alpysbaev,A.G.Maksimova, M.K.Kadyrbaev, K.M.Bajpakovand many others.In August, 2008 this large scientic museum had its 35 th anniversary.There are artifacts thathave global historical and scientic value which werefound during excavations of  burial grounds, settlementsand ancient cities. Thereare more than a hundredthousand of them whichare stored in the museumarchives. The museum isknown in the international scientic scene as the centre of the propagation of archaeological knowledgeand the achievements of Kazakh science. Internationalconferences, symposiaand forums are held atthis museum by leadingarchaeologists of ourcountry. The Museum of Archeology has participated in numerous exhibitionsabroad for the last ve years.Each foreign exhibition was accompanied byconferences and releases of unique catalogues: “On the Silk Road” in Denmark, “L’UOMO D’ORO” and “Altyn Adam L’UOMO D’ORO” in Italy, “Of Gold and Grass Nomads of Kazakhstan” in USA, “Bright Flowers”in Austria, “Nomads of Eurasia” in USA and “Royalburial places of Scythians: under the badge of agolden signature stamp” in Germany. In 2008 there were Daysof Culture of Kazakhstanin Tokyo and in 2009 in connection with the ofcial visit of the President N.Nazarbayev, an exhibition was organised which wasdevoted to the Day of Culture of the Almaty in Istanbul. As a scientic museum it has receivedthe deserved reputationacross the globe.Museum collectionsare known to the scientic community of  the whole World. Theywere included in theleading museumcatalogues of the World as exhibits of the Museum of Archeology atthe Ministry of  Education and  4   5 Science of the Republicof Kazakhstan. Thewarehouses and museumarchives correspond tothe requirements andstandards accepted in theWorld museum practice andartifacts are stored there inthe appropriate way and areconstantly studied, as they are the basis of scientic archaeological research.The Museum of Archeology at the Ministry of Education and Science of  the Republic of Kazakhstan,which was opened to visitorsin 1973, is a warehouseof invaluable treasures of material and the spiritualculture of people whooccupied the ancientterritory of Kazakhstan.There are many valuableunique historical and scientic materials fromexcavations on burial grounds, settlementsand ancient cities. Themuseum is a centrefor the propagation of archaeological knowledgeand achievements of Kazakhscience. The museum hostsimportant conferences,symposia and forums.Thousands of tourists,scientists, students andschool pupils visit theMuseum of Archeology everyyear. Scientic research activities are also heldabroad by the museum staff.For the last 25 years many exhibits from the “Gold collection” and the museum exhibition were shown in more than 20 countries withgreat success. Countries include Germany (1975,1992), Egypt (1976), Turkey(1977, 2002), Japan (1974,1978, 1998), USA (1989),Korea (1990, 2000), France(1991, 2001) and Austria(2001). The ten year path to theindependence of Kazakhstanhighlighted people’s attitudeto national history and theircountry’s cultural heritage.It is one of the integratingfactors of statehood and the unication of the people of  the country.In the system of historicalsciences which form ahistorical consciousness,an important role belongsto archaeologists. In the system of the scientic- educational activity of historical science, animportant role belongs tothe archaeological museum.Notable successes andachievements were reachedby the museumduring the lastdecade.Duringthe lastten yearsthe museumreceived newcollectionsof artifacts - ceramics, products of metal andglass andbones enablingdevelopments,new tosciencein Kazakhstan, connectedwith studies of ancienttechnologies andmanufactures.An international exhibition “The Golden Man and the culture of Kazakhstan steppe from the Bronze Age till the Great Migration” was opened in Mantua (North Italy) in April, 1998. The Museumof Archeology at the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republicof Kazakhstan and CentralState Museum of Archeologyof Kazakhstan participatedin the organisation of the exhibition. There weremore than 600 exhibitspresented at the exhibition. There were ceramics of theBronze Age, a collection of gold ornaments belongingto the Saka and Yusunperiods, art bronze, homeappliances, and also stonesculptures and a breadboardmodel of the Besshatyrtomb. Among them areunique, world historical and scientic value materialsfrom excavations of burial grounds, settlements andancient cities. This Kazakh exhibition was presented in the exposition hall with an area of 1000 m 2 in the Palazzo delTe, which is one of the mostprestigious museums in Italy.The working group consisted of three people: the director of theInformation Agency at the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republicof Kazakhstan, professorK.M.Baypakov, manager of the Museum of ArcheologyR.A.Bektureyeva and director E.T.Zhangeldin. Scientists worked very hard on the installation of exhibits,design of the exhibition,catalogue writing, excursions and consultations.The opening of the exhibition had such guestsas: the ambassador of  Kazakhstan in Italy Mr.O.O.Suleymenov, theMinister of Science andPresident of Academyof Science V.S.Shkolnik,President of Foreign PolicyAssociation of Kazakhstan Zh.K.Kadiev, Chairman of  the Committee of Cultureof Kazakhstan D.K.Kaseinov, General Director of airline“TAA” N.A.Nurmaganbetov. Ministers of Transport andPower of Italy, Chairman of  Italy-Kazakhstan Chamberof Commerce J. Amatucci, mayor of Mantua, Secretary General of Municipality of  Mantua, management team of “AGIP”, art, science andother ofcial gures.The exhibition of ancient treasures of Kazakhstanwas opened in the Palace of the National ArchaeologicalMuseum in Naples in April, 1999. It is “Altyn Adam”: culture of steppes from the Bronze Age till the Great Migration” which has been exhibited in Italy since April 25, 1998.Naples, the capital of the region of Campania, isone of the ancient cities of southern Italy, the city of ancient and deep culturethat got its glory during theAncient Roman Period.The organisers of  the exhibition, under theleadership of the Embassyof Kazakhstan in Italy, were: The municipality of Naples,departments of Culture andSecurity Management of thearchaeological heritage of Naples and Caserta, Institute of the East and Department of researches of Asia inNaples, and from Kazakhstanparty – Margulan Instituteof Archeology, Ministry of  Education and Science of  the Republic of Kazakhstan,Ministry of Culture,Information and PublicConsent of the Republic of Kazakhstan.While opening the exhibition, the ambassador of KazakhstanO.Suleymenov noted thatthe young state Kazakhstancan’t yet be praised byits golden present, but isdeservedly proud of itsgolden past. Kazakhstan is a country with centuries- old history and was acrossroads of trading roads between Europe and Asia throughout thecenturies. The legendarySilk Road with its bravetravellers, including Italian and European merchants, has opened up again withpromising prospects.Kazakhstan, undoubtedly,will play a more important and role in Europe and Asia.The Head of the Department of Archeologyin Naples and CasertaStefano De Caro noted thatthe ancient traditions of the Kazakh people, their relationship with European culture became more clear,concrete and real for Italians. The exhibition “Altyn Adam”with its exhibits belonging to 2000 BC til the I centuryAD is clear evidence of that. It is remarkable that this Kazakh exhibition was shown near other halls of theNational Museum such as the exhibition of antiquities of  Pompeii.Despite objectivehistorical distinctions of the exposed exhibits betweenWestern and Easterncultures, this exhibition opens not only a classicalantiquity of the steppepeople, but also allowspeople to understand theroots and development of today’s sovereign state of Kazakhstan.  6   7 “The exhibition of the historical treasures of Kazakhstan in Italy becamea great cultural eventwhich brought togethertwo nations. Undoubtedly,the mutual knowledgeof cultures of these twocountries will become anecessary preconditionand guarantee for a fruitfuldevelopment of our relationsin all areas” said the city mayor of Naples Gundo D’Agustino. The exhibition “Altyn Adam” was placed in fourhalls of the Palace of theNational ArchaeologicalMuseum in Italy, including more than 600 exhibits, many of which were shown for the rst time outside the Republic of Kazakhstan.Thanks to the skill of the Italian designers, expositions from the State andArchaeological museums of Kazakhstan were elaboratelydisplayed. Ancient jewels of silver, bronze and preciousstones, funeral ornaments,weapons and armoury of horsemen were arranged chronologically, reecting the integrity of the ancientapplied art of the steppepeople who occupiedthe territory of modern Kazakhstan. The “Golden Warrior”, treasure of theancient culture, delightedthe Italians and tourists fromother countries who visited this exhibition.The exhibition of the archaeological values of  Kazakhstan “Altyn Adam” inNaples was the third nal stage of demonstration of the exhibition in Italy.The exhibition was shownin Rome from September- November 1998 with suchguests as the President of the Republic of KazakhstanN.A.Nazarbayev. The rst days of theKazakh exhibition drew the attention of art judgesin Italy who were able toappreciate the creativity of the geniuses of the past. The exhibition “AltynAdam” became a signicant event in the culturalcooperation betweenKazakhstan and Italy thatspiritually united these twonations.The opening ceremony of  the international exhibitionof the Gyeongju WorldCulture EXPO 2000 washeld in Gyeongju, the capital and cultural centre of Silla,in September, 2000 under the name “Breath of a new millennium”.The purpose of the exhibition was to show acultural exchange and the development of relationsbetween countries whichwere settling down on the route of the Great Silk Road. Scientists from theMetropolitan Art Museumand the PennsylvanianMuseum of Archeology and Anthropology (USA),Regional Museum of Xinjiang(Uyghur Autonomous Region,China), Turkey, Japan, Institute of Archeology at the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan and museums of Korea were invited to workon this projectThe Museum of Archeology was presented at the exhibition by a breadboard model of the “Golden Warrior”, as well as the bronze coppers of theSaka Period and pottery of the same era.It is remarkable that the show-window withthe “Golden Warrior”was exhibited near the“Golden Crown Tomb”(Geumgwanchong), the sumptuous golden crown of the Silla royalty.At the opening ceremony of the Gyeongju WorldCulture EXPO 2000, theGeneral Director of the project Mr. Lee said that thepurpose of this mammothproject was to enter into anew millennium without any conicts in order to make a new era of calmness andreconciliation, and also tocreate an infrastructurefor the development of theKorean culture which wouldgive a condition for thedevelopment of a peaceful atmosphere in the next century.In his report the Ministerof Culture of Korea notedthat the organisation of every possible culturalaction is to show to thepublic a great value of culture, history of nationsand world civilizationsand to see with their owneyes relationships amongpeople, relationshipsbetween people and nature,relationships betweenpeople and technology andto see harmony.It was underlined thatthe unique culture of Koreawas enriched through the Gyeongju World CultureEXPO 2000.The exhibition had more than 4 million visitors. One more exhibition, bythe name of “Religions of  Kazakhstan steppes with the eyes of priest Jean” was heldin Venice (Museo Correr, Salone Napoleonico) in April,2000.5 museums and theNational Library from theKazakhstan party worked on this exhibition.12 Qur’ans (one of themis the most ancient - XII century) from the fund of  rare books was exhibitedfor the rst time outside Kazakhstan. The CentralState Museum presentedNestorian and Muslimtombstones, shaman suits, amulet, derghje (vechir)- a ritual staff and other religious artefacts.Two bronze candlesticksfrom the Museum of Turkestan and a bronzecandlestick inthe shapeof anopenwork owl from theRegional Taraz Museummade a big impression onvisitors.The stone sculpture “Umay-Ana” was also impressive. The Museum of Archeology of Kazakhstan presented Kuyruk - a palace carved wooden decor of  XVII century which has great importance for studyingKazakhstan’s medievalculture.The showing of thebreadboard model of KhojaAhmed Yassawi Mausoleumin Venice for the 1500thanniversary of Turkestan was signicant for the spiritual and religious centre of Kazakhstan, as well as forVenice.This compact, but signicant, exhibition demonstrated thatKazakhstan was a place of such religions as Buddhism,Manichaeism, Nestorianism,Christianity and Islam sincethe ancient times. The Great Silk Road, a trading road with variousdirections, and with variousreligions, passed throughthe territory of Kazakhstan.These religions weren’t aliento the people of Kazakhstan. An exhibition under thename “Treasures of ancient Kazakhstan” was openedunder the patronage of the State Committee onholding the 10 th anniversaryof Independence of theRepublic of Kazakhstan inthe Presidential Culturalcentre in Astana onDecember 12, 2001.The purpose of the exhibition was to show culture, ethnicity and thestatehood of the ancientstates and people of Kazakhstan since theStone Age till the lateMiddle Ages throughartifacts collected byarchaeologists.All the large museums of Kazakhstan were involved in organising this large-scale exhibition. More thana thousand exhibits from the Museum of Archeologyand the South KazakhstanCentral State Museum wereselected by the Commissionheaded by professor Baypakov К.М.Exhibits of the Museum of Archeology also tookpart in the Days of CultureKazakhstan in France (Rennes), Turkey (Istanbul),Austria (Vienna) and other countries. All these exhibitions helped bring these closer.The propagation of historical knowledge isconducted by the museumin our country too. In recentyears the museum’s artifacts were exhibited in Shymkent,Turkestan, Zhezkazgan, Balkhash, Aktobe,Taldykorgan and other cities,as well as in neighbouring,Kyrgyzstan. Our recent exhibition of the Kurultay of Kazakhsin Turkestan attractedthousands of visitors.Today we are havingnegotiations withrepresentatives of manyother countries on holding exhibitions, and we hope that they will be just assuccessful as the previousones.
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