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  Advocates, in addition to being professionals, are also officers of the courts and play a vital role in the administration of justice. Accordingly, the set of rules that govern their professional conduct arising out of the duty that they owe the court, the client, their opponents and other advocates. Rules on the professional standards that an advocate needs to maintain are mentioned in Chapter II, Part VI of the Bar Council of India Rules. These rules have been placed there under section 49(1)(c) of the Advocates Act, 1961 RULES ON AN ADVOCATE’S DUTY TOWARDS THE COURT 1. Act in a dignified manner  During the presentation of his case and also while acting before a court, an advocate should act in a dignified manner. He should at all times conduct himself with self-respect. However, whenever there is a proper ground for serious complaint against a judicial officer, the advocate has a right and duty to submit his grievance to proper authorities. 2. Respect the court   An advocate should always show respect towards the court. An advocate has to bear in mind that the dignity and respect maintained towards judicial office is essential for the survival of a free community. 3. Not communicate in private  An advocate should not communicate in private to a judge with regard to any matter pending before the judge or any other judge. An advocate should not influence the decision of a court in any matter using illegal or improper means such as coercion, bribe etc. 4. Refuse to act in an illegal manner towards the opposition  An advocate should refuse to act in an illegal or improper manner towards the opposing counsel or the opposing parties. He shall also use his best efforts to restrain and prevent his  client from acting in any illegal, improper manner or use unfair practices in any mater towards the judiciary, opposing counsel or the opposing parties. 5. Refuse to represent clients who insist on unfair means  An advocate shall refuse to represent any client who insists on using unfair or improper means. An advocate shall excise his own judgment in such matters. He shall not blindly follow the instructions of the client. He shall be dignified in use of his language in correspondence and during arguments in court. He shall not scandalously damage the reputation of the parties on false grounds during pleadings. He shall not use unparliamentary language during arguments in the court. 6. Appear in proper dress code  An advocate should appear in court at all times only in the dress prescribed under the Bar Council of India Rules and his appearance should always be presentable. 7. Refuse to appear in front of relations  An advocate should not enter appearance, act, plead or practice in any way before a judicial authority if the sole or any member of the bench is related to the advocate as father, grandfather, son, grandson, uncle, brother, nephew, first cousin, husband, wife, mother, daughter, sister, aunt, niece, father-in-law, mother-in-law, son-in-law, brother-in-law daughter-in-law or sister-in-law. 8. Not to wear bands or gowns in public places  An advocate should not wear bands or gowns in public places other than in courts, except on such ceremonial occasions and at such places as the Bar Council of India or as the court may prescribe. 9. Not represent establishments of which he is a member  An advocate should not appear in or before any judicial authority, for or against any establishment if he is a member of the management of the establishment. This rule does not  apply to a member appearing as “amicus curiae” or without a fee on be half of the Bar Council, Incorporated Law Society or a Bar Association. 10. Not appear in matters of pecuniary interest   An advocate should not act or plead in any matter in which he has financial interests. For instance, he should not act in a bankruptcy petition when he is also a creditor of the bankrupt. He should also not accept a brief from a company of which he is a Director. 11. Not stand as surety for client   An advocate should not stand as a surety or certify the soundness of a surety that his client requires for the purpose of any legal proceedings. RULES ON AN ADVOCATE’S DUTY TOWARDS THE CLIENT   1. Bound to accept briefs  An advocate is bound to accept any brief in the courts or tribunals or before any other authority in or before which he proposes to practice. He should levy fees which are at par with the fees collected by fellow advocates of his standing at the Bar and the nature of the case. Special circumstances may justify his refusal to accept a particular brief. 2. Not withdraw from service  An advocate should not ordinarily withdraw from serving a client once he has agreed to serve them. He can withdraw only if he has a sufficient cause and by giving reasonable and sufficient notice to the client. Upon withdrawal, he shall refund such part of the fee that has not accrued to the client. 3. Not appear in matters where he himself is a witness  An advocate should not accept a brief or appear in a case in which he himself is a witness. If he has a reason to believe that in due course of events he will be a witness, then he should not continue to appear for the client. He should retire from the case without jeopardizing his client’s interests.    4.   Full and frank disclosure to client   An advocate should, at the commencement of his engagement and during the continuance thereof, make all such full and frank disclosure to his client relating to his connection with the parties and any interest in or about the controversy as are likely to affect his client’s judgment in either engaging him or continuing the engagement. 5. Uphold interest of the client   It shall be the duty of an advocate fearlessly to uphold the interests of his client by all fair and honorable means. An advocate shall do so without regard to any unpleasant consequences to himself or any other. He shall defend a person accused of a crime regardless of his personal opinion as to the guilt of the accused. An advocate should always remember that his loyalty is to the law, which requires that no man should be punished without adequate evidence. 6. Not suppress material or evidence  An advocate appearing for the prosecution of a criminal trial should conduct the proceedings in a manner that it does not lead to the conviction of the innocent. An advocate shall by no means suppress any material or evidence, which shall prove the innocence of the accused. 7. Not disclose the communications between client and himself   An advocate should not by any means, directly or indirectly, disclose the communications made by his client to him. He also shall not disclose the advice given by him in the proceedings. However, he is liable to disclose if it violates Section 126 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872. 8. An advocate should not be a party to stir up or instigate litigation.   9. An advocate should not act on the instructions of any person other than his client or the client’s authorized agent.   10. Not charge depending on success of matters  
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