Brainstorming

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1. BRAINSTORMING 2. WHAT IS BRAINSTORMING?  Brainstorming is a group activity technique.It is designed to generate lots of ideas for solution of a problem. The…
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  • 1. BRAINSTORMING
  • 2. WHAT IS BRAINSTORMING?  Brainstorming is a group activity technique.It is designed to generate lots of ideas for solution of a problem. The underlying principle is that the greater the number of ideas generated,the possibility that a quality solution will be found.  Brainstorming is a commonly used tool by academics researchers and business teams.
  • 3. RULES There are four basic rules in brainstorming. 1)Focus on quantity:If lots of ideas are generated it will be easy to produce a radical and effective solution. 2)Reserve criticism:Don’t comment on any ideas.First accept all,at a later stage judge. 3)Welcome unusual ideas:To get a good and long list of ideas,unusual ideas are welcomed. 4)Combine and improve ideas:Good ideas may be combined to form a single better idea.
  • 4. PROCEDURE  Decide on the question or topic that you will present to the group during brainstorming.  Give yourself a time limit.  Choose the participants from five to twelve.  Plan how you will record the results of brainstorming session.  Describe what you will do with the data.  Go through all the ideas and make sure that the meaning of idea is clear.
  • 5. TECHNIQUES 1) FREE WRITING: When you freewrite,you write down whatever comes into your mind.You don’t judge the quality of writing and don’t worry about style,spelling,grammar or punctuation.When you have finished your writing and have reached your goal,read back over the text,decide the solution.
  • 6. 2)NOMINAL GROUP TECHNIQUE: Participants are asked to write their ideas anonymously.Then the moderator collects the ideas and each is voted on by the group.The best idea is chosen.
  • 7. 3) GROUP PASSING TECHNIQUE: Each person in a circular group writes down one idea,and then passes the piece of paper to the next person in a clockwise direction,who adds some thoughts.This continues until everybody gets his or her original piece of paper back.By this time,participants will have examined each idea in detail.
  • 8. 4) TEAM IDEA MAPPING METHOD: This technique may improve collaboration and increase the quantity of ideas,and is designed so that all attendees participate and no ideas are rejected. The process begins with a well- defined topic.Each participant brainstorms individually,then all the ideas are merged onto one large idea map.
  • 9. 5)INDIVIDUAL BRAINSTORMING : It typically includes such techniques as free writing, free speaking, word association,and drawing a mind map,which people diagram their thoughts. Individual brainstorming is useful method in creative wiriting.
  • 10. 6)QUESTION BRAINSTORMING This process involves brainstorming the questions,rather than trying to come up with immediate answers and short term solutions. Questions are important in that tecnique.We need a list of questions to reach to the best solution in an orderly way.
  • 11. ADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING ADVANTAGES: * Many ideas can be generated in a short time. * Requires few material resources. * The results can be used immediately or for possible use in other projects. * Is a “democratic” way of generating ideas. * The concept of brainstorming is easy to understand.
  • 12. DISADVANTAGES OF BRAINSTORMING * Requires an experienced and sensitive faciliator who understands the social psychology of small groups. * Requires a dedication to quantity rather than quality. * Shy people can have difficulties in participating. * May not be appropriate for some business or international cultures.
  • 13. THANKYOU
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