Brian Motta National Weather Service/Training Division GOES-R Lightning Science Team Meeting

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 24
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Similar Documents
Information Report
Category:

Documents

Published:

Views: 19 | Pages: 24

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Share
Description
Discussion on Training GLM, Total Lightning, Apps. Brian Motta National Weather Service/Training Division GOES-R Lightning Science Team Meeting September 2013. Fasten Your Seat Belt. The Real World & NWS…Budget and A2 Situational Awareness Follow-up, last year, WYS,WIH
Transcript
Discussion on Training GLM, Total Lightning, Apps Brian MottaNational Weather Service/Training DivisionGOES-R Lightning Science Team MeetingSeptember 2013Fasten Your Seat Belt
  • The Real World & NWS…Budget and A2 Situational Awareness
  • Follow-up, last year, WYS,WIH
  • Follow-up, this year, WYS,WIH
  • State of the Total Lightning Science
  • Total Lightning: Operational Apps
  • Acknowledgements
  • Real World-Budget
  • 2013 NWS Training Budget 78%
  • WDTB FTEs -6, FDTB/VISIT FTEs -2 (FY13)
  • Sandy Supp. +2 FTE, earmarked (MRMS)/temporary
  • GOES-R +1 WDTB FTE
  • AWIPS2 -1 WDTB FTE (FY 14)
  • AWIPS2 budget no longer supports baselined implementation of WES2. Impact: -2 FTE to WDTB
  • COMET staff reductions, -7 FTEs in FY13
  • NWS/OST/OOS AWIPS & training implementation of ENI TL unfunded & unresourced - FY13,14
  • AWIPS2 Contract Recompete creates hard date for baselined software development close to GOESR launch. OSIP, AWIPS SREC reincarnating.
  • Real World- AWIPS2
  • AWIPS2 Operational Test & Evaluation (OTE) Ongoing @ 8 WFOs...BOU, BOX, OUN, HOU, HSV, OAX, RNK, BYZ
  • 30-day Test Clock restarted due to crash at Billings, MT.
  • Critical-1 Discrepancy Reports and Fixes Under Review by the AWIPS2 Activation Board
  • Fixes & stable operations required for 2 weeks to proceed to next set of WFO installs
  • AWIPS2 requires redevelopment of “local applications” (plug-ins) and new ADE when substantial infrastructure code changes occur. This has occurred with the SPoRT/EPDT LMA plugin, McIDAS AREA plugins, moving trace tool…
  • Real World- AWIPS2ENI TL Implementation in AWIPS2
  • Data Request for Change Submitted to AWIPS2 by OST
  • Need ingest and display code developed, reviewed, and checked-in for integration by Dec 17, 2013.
  • Product specifications required for initial implementation (point and image visualizations)
  • NWS TL WG finalizing products now
  • A2 Implementation delivered April 2014
  • AWG Meeting Discussion2009, 2010, 2011, 2012What you said: What I heard:1) Forecasters want Intermediate Reduce “black box” for forecasters data/displays for GLM so they understand the processing2) High flash rates (5-12 per second) Forecasters see a TL-significant storm,can be problematic for algos value-add is in CG ratio, point data3) Need GLM-compatible flash definition LMAs provide more detailed data needed to understand storm-scale lightning science/apply GLM flash grid4) 3D view can show flash initiation This can be important information forand ground strike location forecasters to consider5) Lightning info needs to be integrated Optimal displays are ad-hoc. Need to with radar, vertical profile information build decision-making visualizations.6) Lightning Jump Algorithm Thresholds sensitive to storm environment, type. Tornado signature ? Correlation with svrwx better. 1” hail*7) Lightning Warning Algo 5-min Lightning Prob. Maps, merge LMA and CG point data. Output: CG lightning lead time given 1st IC.8) SCAMPER/QPE Algo Calibrates IR predictors to MW RRAWG Meeting Discussion2013What you said: What I heard:1) ENI TL data should be available to Stan Heckman and Kristin Kuhlman forecasters in HWT AWIPS2. When? will plan for significant HWT demo/eval.2) How can forecasters be expected to It is unlikely that forecasters will have view, QC, and integrate several lightning the time or expertise to use and/or QC data streams in real-time forecast or multiple lightning data streams in real-warning operations ? time. Consider the satellite, radar, etc.3) What is the mechanism for real-time Several options are available: MRMS, lightning analysis and QC ? Who will or LAPS, RAP, HRRR, AWIPS processing, should do the analysis ? WDSS-2, SCAN, RGB Imagery, DD, SD.4) How will NWS forecasters use total Forecasters are very resourcefullightning data ? problem-solvers. They will use total lightning data only if it is needed to make critical forecast or warning decisions. Important: the lack of lightning may be just as important as positive indications.5) Lightning Jump: NSSL will implement A ground-based TL “Jump” demo/evalone or more methodologies for calculating will be given high priority in the HWTrobust Lightning Jumps with ENI TL data. SE. When ? LMA TL data too ? Training Image of the YearCourtesy Scott Rudlosky via Kristin Calhoun
  • Are Total Lightning thresholds (of flash rate, FED, etc.) meaningless and inconsequential to thunderstorm development, severity, and/or morphology ?
  • Are Total Lightning point plots useful for analysis and initial onset visualizations for operational warning forecasters ?
  • Is the Lightning Jump algorithm(s) ready to implement operationally ? If not, why not ? What science gaps remain ? Is empirical track record sufficient ?
  • When will the NSSL Lightning Jump and any other Lightning Jump algorithms be tested in the HWT/SE with LMA, ENI, and pGLM data sets ?
  • When will 3D or 4D displays of TL be utilized fully with satellite and radar imagery and algorithms ?
  • Are cells or clusters better defined by radar, TL, or both ? When will the best solution be proven and where ?
  • Do any operational practioners have an established TL warning CONOPS ? NWS LMA sites, NSSL, ENI, Viasala, GLM, LIS, etc. If so, can you document and provide to this team ?
  • While science publications from TL SMEs are aplenty, when will applied operational publications be sought for a special issue of Weather and Forecasting or NWA EJOM ?? ENI data is T+14 months, LMAs much longer than that, why wait ??
  • State of Total Lightning ScienceKey Operational TL Implementation Questions:
  • Are Total Lightning thresholds (of flash rate, FED, etc.) meaningless and inconsequential to thunderstorm development, severity, and/or morphology ?
  • Are Total Lightning point plots useful for analysis and initial onset visualizations for operational warning forecasters ?
  • Is the Lightning Jump algorithm(s) ready to implement operationally ? If not, why not ? What science gaps remain ? Is empirical track record sufficient ?
  • When will the NSSL Lightning Jump and any other Lightning Jump algorithms be tested in the HWT/SE with LMA, ENI, and pGLM data sets ?
  • When will 3D or 4D displays of TL be utilized fully with satellite and radar imagery and algorithms ?
  • Are cells or clusters better defined by radar, TL, or both ? When will the best solution be proven and where ?
  • Do any operational practioners have an established TL warning CONOPS ? NWS LMA sites, NSSL, ENI, Viasala, GLM, LIS, etc. If so, can you document and provide to this team ?
  • While science publications from TL SMEs are aplenty, when will applied operational publications be sought for a special issue of Weather and Forecasting or NWA EJOM ?? ENI data is T+14 months, LMAs much longer than that, why wait ??
  • CO Total Lightning:Operational AppsColorado Highlights
  • Black Forest Wildfire – TL gives advanced warning of CG strikes over areas in Red Flag Warnings with vulnerable fuels and spot fires for the duration. SA @ Incident Command for firefighter safety. Subsequent debris flows, mud slides, and flash flooding.
  • DIA tornado – landspout tornado touches down at DIA. LMA data used to give 6-minute lead time. NWS calls DIA Tower to confirm tornado between 2 runways !
  • Fort Carson, CO - Military exercise ended due to lightning strike; results in 12 hospitalizations as personnel are seeking shelter from the storm. Estimated 5-7 additional minutes needed to get all to safety.
  • The year of “plowable hail” 1-3 feet deep. From the plains to the Denver metro, up to 9 hail storms occurred producing deep hail and/or flash flooding which resulted in plows being dispatched to clear the roads. These high-impact hail storms did not reach severe Tstorm criteria.
  • NFL Opener – Delayed 40 minutes due to CG lightning threat. NFL uses ENI Total Lightning Network data and alerts. Sports Authority Field seats 76,125 !
  • 1000-yr Flash Flood in Boulder and Larimer, initial convection followed by tropical rain microphysics and upslope flow. Lack of lightning in environment useful in diagnosing airmass. Recovery Operations….helicopter Search & Rescue, Airlift, water rescues, IMETS @ FEMA Disaster Response Team Incident Command.
  • 10CO Total Lightning:DIA TornadoColorado Highlights
  • Black Forest Wildfire – TL gives advanced warning of CG strikes over areas in Red Flag Warnings with vulnerable fuels. SA @ Incident Command for firefighter safety. Subsequent debris flows, mud slides, and flash flooding.
  • Fort Carson, CO - Military exercise ended due to lightning strike; results in 12 hospitalizations as personnel are seeking shelter from the storm. Estimated 5-7 additional minutes needed to get all to safety.
  • The year of “plowable hail” 1-3 feet deep. From the plains to the Denver metro, up to 9 hail storms occurred producing deep hail and/or flash flooding which resulted in plows being dispatched to clear the roads. These high-impact hail storms did not reach severe Tstorm criteria.
  • NFL Opener – Delayed 40 minutes due to CG lightning threat. NFL uses ENI Total Lightning Network data and alerts.
  • 1000-yr Flash Flood in Boulder and Larimer, initial convection followed by tropical rain microphysics and upslope flow. Lack of lightning in environment useful in diagnosing airmass. Recovery Operations….helicopter Search & Rescue, Airlift, water rescues, FEMA Disaster Response Team Incident Command Center weather.
  • 11CO Total Lightning:Plowable HailColorado Highlights
  • Black Forest Wildfire – TL gives advanced warning of CG strikes over areas in Red Flag Warnings with vulnerable fuels. SA @ Incident Command for firefighter safety. Subsequent debris flows, mud slides, and flash flooding.
  • Fort Carson, CO - Military exercise ended due to lightning strike; results in 12 hospitalizations as personnel are seeking shelter from the storm. Estimated 5-7 additional minutes needed to get all to safety.
  • The year of “plowable hail” 1-3 feet deep. From the plains to the Denver metro, up to 9 hail storms occurred producing deep hail and/or flash flooding which resulted in plows being dispatched to clear the roads. These high-impact hail storms did not reach severe Tstorm criteria.
  • NFL Opener – Delayed 40 minutes due to CG lightning threat. NFL uses ENI Total Lightning Network data and alerts.
  • 1000-yr Flash Flood in Boulder and Larimer, initial convection followed by tropical rain microphysics and upslope flow. Lack of lightning in environment useful in diagnosing airmass. Recovery Operations….helicopter Search & Rescue, Airlift, water rescues, FEMA Disaster Response Team Incident Command Center weather.
  • 12CO Total Lightning:NFL OpenerColorado Highlights
  • Black Forest Wildfire – TL gives advanced warning of CG strikes over areas in Red Flag Warnings with vulnerable fuels and spot fires for the duration. SA @ Incident Command for firefighter safety. Subsequent debris flows, mud slides, and flash flooding.
  • DIA tornado – landspout tornado touches down at DIA. LMA data used to give 6-minute lead time. NWS calls DIA Tower to confirm tornado between 2 runways !
  • Fort Carson, CO - Military exercise ended due to lightning strike; results in 12 hospitalizations as personnel are seeking shelter from the storm. Estimated 5-7 additional minutes needed to get all to safety.
  • The year of “plowable hail” 1-3 feet deep. From the plains to the Denver metro, up to 9 hail storms occurred producing deep hail and/or flash flooding which resulted in plows being dispatched to clear the roads. These high-impact hail storms did not reach severe Tstorm criteria.
  • NFL Opener – Delayed 40 minutes due to CG lightning threat. NFL uses ENI Total Lightning Network data and alerts.
  • 1000-yr Flash Flood in Boulder and Larimer, initial convection followed by tropical rain microphysics and upslope flow. Lack of lightning in environment useful in diagnosing airmass. Recovery Operations….helicopter Search & Rescue, Airlift, water rescues, IMETS @ FEMA Disaster Response Team Incident Command.
  • 132014 Training Needs/OutlookThe big immediate need is to understand the ENI/Weatherbug total lightning data. Specifically, the science, terminology, and reliability of application. What, if anything, does this data contribute to the user readiness and full utilization of the GLM data set ?Additional issues:1) Training for National Lightning Jump Test, at least 2 algos.2) Need best automated TL cluster analysis, storm tracking algorithms
  • Boulder WFO NOAA Satellite Proving Ground Activity (Fire Weather, Total Lightning)
  • Possible April 2014 Implementation of basic ENI visualizations in AWIPS2
  • HWT ENI Training
  • AWT ENI Training
  • HMT ENI Training
  • 14GOES R Lightning Mapper
  • Predict onset of tornadoes, hail, microbursts, flash floods
  • Tornado lead time -13 min national average, improvement desired, add 5-7 minutes ?
  • Track thunderstorms, warn of approaching lightning threats
  • Lightning strikes responsible for >500 injuries per year
  • 90% of victims suffer permanent disabilities, long term health problems, chiefly neurological
  • Lightning responsible for 80 deaths per year (second leading source after flooding)
  • Improve airline/airport safety
  • routing around thunderstorms, saving fuel, reducing delays
  • In-cloud lightning lead time of impending ground strikes, often 10 min or more
  • Provide real-time hazard information, improving efficiency of emergency management
  • Large venue public safety, HAZMAT safety, & outdoor/marine warnings
  • NWP/Data Assimilation
  • Locate lightning strikes known to cause forest fires, reduce response times
  • Multi-sensor precipitation algorithms
  • Wildfire Starts and IMET Incident/Disaster Command Briefing Support
  • Seasonal to interannual (e.g. ENSO) variability of lightning and extreme weather (storms)
  • Provide new data source to improve air quality / chemistry forecasts
  • VISIT CONUS Lightning
  • VISIT Lightning Meteorology I
  • VISIT Lightning Meteorology II
  • COMET Intro to Tropical Met
  • COMET Fire Weather Climatology
  • COMET GOES-R Benefits
  • VISIT GOES-R 101
  • SPoRT Lightning Mapping Array
  • SPoRT PGLM Training
  • VISIT Use of GOES/RSO Imagery w/Remote Sensor Data for Diagnosing Severe Weather
  • COMET Weather and Health (Broadcasters)
  • COMET Summer Faculty Satellite Class
  • Currently Available Training Developed for 2011 & 2012 Spring Program
  • Described three features
  • Total lightning
  • Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM)
  • Pseudo GLM product
  • Included operational examples
  • Intended for use before arrival
  • Available on Learning Management System
  • Available on SPoRT web page
  • http://weather.msfc.nasa.gov/sport/training/Currently Available TrainingCourtesy Dr. Geoffrey StanoEarly Mosaic New activities
  • Mosaic product (all networks product)
  • New visualizations (maximum density)
  • New training module
  • Initial use for NWS forecasters
  • Examples to be converted to PGLM
  • New training has more operational focus
  • Severe weather applications
  • Airport Weather Warnings
  • Lightning safety applications
  • Update current PGLM training
  • Training ActivitiesLightning Safety New ModuleCourtesy Dr. Geoffrey StanoAcknowledgements/ContributorsScott Rudlosky and Kristin Kuhlman – source, flash, CG picture diagram and explanation, need to finalizePeter Roohr – TLWG, AWIPS2Steve Goodman & Phil Bothwell - collecting possible TL visualizations, bootcamp GLM & TL trainingBob Marshall, Bill Callahan, and Stan Heckman- providing post-event reviews of ENI data, algorithm performance and real-time “Know-Before” verification of selected high-impact events, iterating on Q&A from NWS TL WG.Contact InformationBrian.Motta@noaa.govSPORT- http://weather.msfc.nasa.gov/sport/VISIT - rammb.cira.colostate.edu/visitCOMET METED - meted.ucar.eduNOAA LMS – https://doc.learn.com/noaa/nwsProving Ground – cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/goes_r/proving-ground.htmlNWSFDTB – http://www.fdtb.noaa.govNWSTraining Portal - http://weather.gov/trainingweather.gov/trainingA new one-stop source for all GOES-R information.http://www.GOES-R.govA joint web site of NOAA and NASAEnhanced Simulation Capabilities
  • FY14 completion
  • FTEs required
  • 2+ Networked Simulators per WFO with Situation Awareness Capability
  • Thin Clients
  • Leverage AWIPS II Thin Client Capabilities
  • Decision Support Services (DSS)
  • Partnerships with Stakeholders
  • Simulation Development
  • Simulation Facilitator
  • Synchronous Instruction
  • National CenterCWSUWFORFCCentral Facilitation(NWSTD) WFOWFOSMGWFORFCCWSUInternet CloudEmergency Managers Government Decision MakersBroadcastersVision 2014: Distributed and Collaborative SimulationsFocused on Human Factors and Decision-SupportNCEP & RFCsWFO LSXWFO SGFWFO PAHWFO LZKNWSTDFacilitator(s)Other Gov’t Decision MakersPaducah EOCWash. Co. EOC
  • Collaborative simulations and interagency exercises: partnerships, teamwork and decision support
  • Intraoffice and interoffice simulations
  • (like FEMA, NASA/SMG, DOD)InternetWAN/NOAAnet/VRF
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks
    SAVE OUR EARTH

    We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

    More details...

    Sign Now!

    We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

    x