Bringing 'New Wind' to the Rural Interior of the French Basque Country: The Association 'Haize Berri' and the Politics of Culture

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This article looks at Haize Berri, a cultural association active in the rural French Basque Country from the 1980s to 2009, to reflect on the different understandings of art and culture and their political implications in the particular context of
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'+4#.5 ."/ C+5#(#4.5 ,+&4% #" (3% ].)' 9.':7% #" (3% =>O@' G^.4+I' =>>bHE Z743 +, #(' #"'C#&.(#+" 4.<% ,&+< (3% QC."#'3 '#/% +, (3% ,&+"(#%&0 ,7%55%/ I) (3% 9.':7% <#5#(."( s who had fled Franco’s Spain and  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asque Studies Consortium Journal, Vol. 1, Iss. 2  http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/boga/vol1/iss2/4    (3% &%'( +, 8&."4%0 ."/ (+ '%% (3% 8&%"43 B+$%&"<%"( .' /%5#I%&.(%5) 6%%C#"B (3% ].)' 9.':7% #" a state of “third worldishness” (Collins 0 =>?O`A=AHE 23% ,#&'( +&B."#M%/ B&+7C +, <+/%&" 9.':7% ".(#+".5#'(' #" (3% ].)' 9.':7% F.' 4&%.(%/ #" =>O@ 7"/%& (3% ".<% +, *.1"0" E =  N ,%F )%.&' 5.(%&0 ,+55+F#"B . <+/%5 5.7"43%/ #" (3% QC."#'3 9.':7% ;+7"(&) +$%& . /%4./% %.&5#%&0 . ,%F C.&%"(' F#'3#"B (+ B#$% (3%#& 43#5/&%" . 9.':7%L5."B7.B% %/74.(#+" +C%"%/ ." #"/%C%"/%"( '43++50 6"+F" #" 9.':7% .' #-",0/2" 0 ."/ ,+&<%/ ." .''+4#.(#+"0 7%",-" 0 (+ C&+$#/% ,7"/#"B ."/ ./<#"#'(&.(#$% '7CC+&( ,+& #( ."/ 3%5C 4&%.(% <+&% #-",0/2" 6 A E J" =>YX0 . B&+7C +, 9.':7% ".(#+".5#'( )+7(3' .5'+ '%( 7C 85"((%0"(("-  0 _  . <#5#(."( +&B."#M.(#+" <+/%5%/ +" (3% $#+5%"( 9.':7% '%C.&.(#'( +&B."#M.(#+" \2N .4(#$% #" QC.#" '#"4% (3% =>O@'E 23#' B&+7C 45.#<%/ &%'C+"'#I#5#() ,+& . '%&#%' +, .((.46' +" 8&%"43 B+$%&"<%"( +,,#4%' ."/ (+7&#'( (&./% #"#(#.(#$%'E 23%#& <#5#(."( .4(#+"' 475<#".(%/ #" (3% %.&5) =>?@' F#(3 . '%&#%' +, /&.<.(#4 %$%"(' #"$+5$#"B (3% /%.(3 +, <#5#(."(' ."/ C+5#4% +,,#4#.5'0 .' F%55 .' . ,%F C%+C5% <#'(.6%" .' 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I7//#"B 9.':7% 4+"'4#+7'"%'' I%B." +&B."#M#"B .5(%&".(#$% "%(F+&6'0 4++&/#".(#"B .4(#$#(#%' C&+<+(#"B 9.':7% ".(#+".5#'<0 ."/ %"B.B#"B #" 4+"(.4(' F#(3 (3% QC."#'3 9.':7% ;+7"(&) G^.4+I' =>>bHE 9&%.6#"B .F.) ,&+< +5/%& <#5#(."(' '%%" .' (++ +5/L,.'3#+"%/0 '#"4% 4+"4%&"%/ C&#<.&#5) F#(3 (3% C&%'%&$.(#+" +, 9.':7% 475(7&% ."/ 5."B7.B% #" (%&<' +, #<<7(.I5% (&./#(#+"'0 (3%) 4.55%/ #"'(%./ ,+& . ,+47' +" 7&I." C&+I5%<' ."/ (3% 43.55%"B%' ,.4%/ I) 4+"(%<C+&.&) )+7"B C%+C5%E 23%) .5'+ ./+C(%/ . '(&.(%B) +, "+"L4++C%&.(#+" F#(3 '(.(% <#5#(.&) .7(3+&#(#%' (3.( F.' (3&#$#"B +" (3% QC."#'3 '#/% +, (3% ,&+"(#%& L #.,+6#,/")  (3% &%,7'.5 I) )+7"B <%" (+ ,75,#55 ".(#+".5 4+"'4&#C(#+" &%:7#&%<%"('E !"(#5 (3% =>>@'0 (3% 5+4.5 C+C75.(#+" F.' I&+./5) /#$#/%/ I%(F%%" (3% <#"+&#() #"$+5$%/ #" (3%'% $.&#+7' #"#(#.(#$%'0 +,(%" '%5,L#/%"(#,#%/ .' "1%(0$"2%"-) <%."#"B 9.':7% C.(&#+(' #" \7'6.&.0 ."/ (3% <.P+&#()0 F3+ I%5#%$%/ .55 (3#' F.' <%&% (&+7I5%L<.6#"B ."/ F3+ ,.$+&%/ . 4+"(#"7%/ C+5#(#4.5 ."/ '+4#.5 +&/%& 45+'%5) 5#"6%/ F#(3 (3% 8&%"43 #"'(#(7(#+".5 %'(.I5#'3<%"(E =  It was srcinally called Embata  (see also Izquierdo, 2001:123)   A  The suffix ‘k’ marks the plural in Basque.   _   Iparretarrak means ‘Those of the North’ in Basque.   b   GAL stands for Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación , which is Spanish for ‘Antiterrorist Liberation Groups’. It was active between 1983 and 1987 thanks to the connivance of the French Socialist government with the Spanish Socialist government. 3Bray: Bringing ‘New Wind’ to the Rural Interior of the French Basque CountryBOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal
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