Championing Public Health Nutrition Food For Thought - Minding the Lunch Money October 23, 2008

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Championing Public Health Nutrition Food For Thought - Minding the Lunch Money October 23, 2008 Ottawa, Canada Tracy A. Fox, MPH, RD President, Food, Nutrition & Policy Consultants, LLC. Food Choices in Schools. Schools with vending machines or a school store 33% of elementary schools
ChampioningPublic HealthNutritionFood For Thought - Minding the Lunch MoneyOctober 23, 2008Ottawa, CanadaTracy A. Fox, MPH, RDPresident, Food, Nutrition & Policy Consultants, LLCFood Choices in Schools
  • Schools with vending machines or a school store
  • 33% of elementary schools
  • 71% of middle schools
  • 89% of high schools
  • % of schools where students can purchase junk food (vending, school stores, canteen, snack bars)Ref: CDC School Health Policies and Programs Study, 2006Top 5 Itemsvending, stores, canteens, snack barsRef: CDC School Health Policies and Programs Study, 2006School-Related Health PolicyLocal Wellness Policies
  • 2004 Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act
  • Wellness Policy Required by 2006
  • Nutrition education goals
  • Physical activity goals
  • Nutrition guidelines
  • Other school-based activities
  • Nutrition Guidelines
  • All foods available on campus with objective of promoting health and reducing obesity
  • FY 2005 Congress directed CDC to initiate an IOM study to review the evidence and make recommendations
  • Committee’s TaskReview evidence and make nutrition standard recommendations:for availability of sale, content and consumption of foods and beverages at schools (not including school lunch/bfast); consider lessons learned; base standards on nutrition and health science. The Guiding Principles
  • Support Healthy Eating
  • Guide Committee Deliberations
  • IOM Nutrition standards ACTIVELY support the positive messages in 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans
  • Standards promote DGA “foods to encourage” throughout the school day, in all schools:
  • fruits
  • vegetables
  • whole grains
  • non- or low-fat dairy products
  • Promotion of Fruits, Veggies, WG and LF/NF Milk automatically places limits on other componentsStandardslimit the amount of:saturated fat saltadded sugarstotal caloriesTier 1 and Tier 2 Foods and Beverages
  • Foods and beverages organized into 2 Tiers
  • Foods/beverage categorized into tiers based on consistency with the DGA
  • Tier 1 foods and beverages: “foods to be encouraged” (fruit, vegetable, whole grain, or nonfat/low-fat dairy)
  • Tier 2 foods and beverages fall short of Tier 1 criteria but still within the DGA recommendations for nutrients such as fat, saturated fat, and sodium
  • Tier 1 FoodsEntrée ItemsTier 1 BeveragesTier 2 Foods/BeveragesOther Standards (not addressed in Tier 1 and Tier 2)
  • Nonnutritive sweetener in beverages in high school after school
  • Caffeine-free
  • Water available and free
  • Sport drinks limited to student athletes with >1 hr vigorous activity via coach
  • Not for reward or punish for behavior or academic achievement
  • Minimize marketing of Tier 2 foods and beverages
  • After-School Setting
  • Tier 1 for elementary and middle school
  • Tier 1 and 2 for high school where majority of participants are students
  • Tier 1 and 2 encouraged for other after-school activities
  • Tier 1 Foods and BeveragesIndividual fruits: apples, pears, fruit cups packed in juice Vegetables -- baby carrots Dried or dehydrated fruit -- raisins, apricots, apples 100 percent fruit juice or low-salt vegetable juice Low-fat, low-salt whole-grain crackers or chips Whole-grain, low-sugar cereals 100 percent whole-grain mini bagelsWhole grain granola bars with or without fruit (as long as one serving total is reached)4, 6, or 8-ounce low-fat fruit-flavored yogurt (with no more than 15, 22.5, or 30 grams of sugars accordingly) 4, 6, or 8-ounce servings low-fat chocolate milk (with no more than 11, 16.5 or 22 grams of sugars accordingly)Tier 2 Foods and Beverages
  • Low-salt baked potato chips, crackers, and pretzels
  • Animal crackers with no more that 35 percent of calories from sugar
  • Graham crackers with no more that 35 percent of calories from sugar
  • Caffeine-free, calorie-free, non-fortified soft drinks
  • Frozen ice cream or bar products that meet the standards for sugar and fat
  • Items that Do Not Meet the StandardsPotato chips and pretzels with too much fat or sodium Cheese crackers with too much fat or sodium Breakfast or granola bars with too much fat or sugar Ice cream products with too much fat Cake, cupcakes, cookies with too much sugar or saltFortified sports drinks or fortified waterGum, licorice, candy Fruit smoothies with too much added sugar Regular colas or sodas with sugar or caffeineKey Elements for SuccessAwareness and understanding of the standards by schools, parents, students, and federal, state, local, industry, as well as other stakeholders.Concluding RemarksFederal school nutrition programs are the main source of nutrition provided at school. If opportunities for students to select competitive foods and beverages arise, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nonfat or low-fat dairy foods and beverages should be available.Incremental changes that will, over time, result in closer alignment with IOM is FINE. Changes will take time, dedication, leadership.
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