CHURCHES FOR A NEW CENTURY

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This research about sacred spaces gives a brief background about the architectural church buildings in Malta, both before Vatican Council II and after. The study comprises: (i) the history of the modern liturgical movement, (ii) Vatican Council II
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   2 CHURCHES FOR A NEW CENTURY. AN APPRAISAL OF RICHARD ENGLAND’S SACRED SPACES ABSTRACT This research about sacred spaces gives a brief background about the architectural church buildings in Malta, both before Vatican Council II and after. The study comprises: (i) the history of the modern liturgical movement, (ii) Vatican Council II approach, (iii) Post Vatican Episcopal conferences documents, (iv) four churches by the contemporary architect Profs. Richard England, and (v) a critical evaluation of these churches. This study is limited to four contemporary Maltese churches, namely; the Manikata Church, the Millennium Chapel, the Hal Farrug Church and the Filfla Church. Though many years have passed since the Manikata Church was built, it is still authentic. The Millennium Chapel has proved to be a valid contemporary Chapel and conducive to personal prayer and recollection. The Hal Farrug Church and the Filfla Chapel are still proposals, but are studied in this dissertation because their design is very authentic and appealing for our times. This dissertation gives due consideration to the importance of designing and building Churches in a contemporary form and definitely not in an old and outdated style. Churches must be appealing and attractive, buildings speak and have an effect on the congregation, both in drawing people to worship and also to the quality of worship and communion with God.   3 CONTENTS Abstract 2 Contents 3 List of Illustrations 5 Acknowledgments 7 Declaration 9 Abbreviations 10 Introduction 11 1.00 Chapter 1 – Paving the way for the Liturgical Reform 17 1.01 The Modern Liturgical Architecture Movement 17 2.00 Chapter 2 – The Liturgical reform and its implementation 29  2.01 Pre-Vatican Architecture in Malta 29 2.02 Vatican II – Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy 32 2.03 Implementation and adaptation of Vatican Council II 39 2.04 Post Vatican documents of Episcopal Conferences 44 3.00 Chapter 3 – The Maltese Churches after Vatican II 51 3.01 Post-Vatican II Architecture in Malta 51 3.02 The Carmelite Church in Valletta 51 3.03 St.Theresa Church in Birkirkara 60 3.04 The St.Venera Church 65 3.05 The Fgura Church 68 3.06 The Immaculate Conception Church in Hamrun 76 3.07 The All Souls Church of Tarxien 81 4.00 Chapter 4 – From the baroque to the modern expression 83 4.01 Richard England – A Special Architect, a sculptor, a photographer, a poet and an artist 83   4.02 The Manikata Church 90 4.03 The Millennium Chapel – A space for all 96   4 4.04 A Church for our time. Church and Community Centre – Hal-Farrug 103 4.05 The Filfla Chapel - From the Womb of the Earth to the Navel of the Sea 111 5.00 Chapter 5 114 5.01 Critical evaluation to Richard England Sacred Spaces 114 Conclusion 120 Bibliography 125   5 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 1. The Notre-Dame du Raincy Church – a front view of the church by 25 August Perrot. 2. The Notre-Dame du Raincy Church – the plan, drawings and sketches of 26 the church that brought liberation for church architecture. 3. The Mount Carmel Church in Valletta – a photo showing the façade of the 52 church and the street where it is located. 4. The Mount Carmel Church in Valletta – the photo showing the internal of 53 the church. 5. St Theresa Church in Birkirkara – a front view of the church. 58 6. St Theresa Church in Birkirkara – a view of the inside of this church. 59 7. The Saint Venera Church – the photo showing the front view of the church. 63 8. The Sant Venera Church – here we have a photo depicting the internal of 64 this church. 9.  The Fgura Church  – This photo is showing the facade of the church. 70 10.  The Fgura Church  – This photo is showing the inside of the church, 71 especially the sanctuary. 11. The Immaculate Conception Church in Hamrun – the photo showing 75 the front view of the church. 12. The Immaculate Conception Church in Hamrun – the photo 76 depicting the sanctuary of this church. 13. The All Saints Church in Tarxien – front view photo of the church. 79 14. The All Saints Church in Tarxien – here we have an internal view of 80 the church showing the sanctuary. 15. The All Saints Church in Tarxien – here the photo is showing 81 the magnificent ceiling of this chruch. 16. St. Joseph Church,  in Manikata – a front view of the church. 87 17. St. Joseph Church,  in Manikata – an inside view of the church. 88 18. St. Joseph Church , in Manikata – the picture showing the entrance 89 to this Church.   6 19. The Millennium Chapel , in St. Julians – an inside view of this authentic 95 and appealing chapel of our times. 20. The Hal Farrug Church  – an artistic impression of the outside building 99 of the church for our times. 21. The Hal Farrug Church  – an artistic impression of the inside of this 100 magnificent Church. 22. The Hal Farrug Church  – plan showing the first floor of this 101 proposed church. 23. The Hal Farrug Church  – plan showing the groundfloor of this 102 proposed church. 24. The Filfla Chapel  – an artistic impression of this proposed chapel from 107 the sea. 25. The Filfla Chapel  – an artistic impression of the view from the inside of 108 this chapel. 26. The Filfla Chapel  – an artistic impression of the outside of this chapel 109 from the top of the Dingli Cliffs facing the island of Filfla. 27. The Filfla Chapel  – the inside plans of the chapel prepared by the architect 110 Richard England.
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