Climate-Smart Village approach in West Africa

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3rd Africa Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance Forum Implementing Climate-smart village (CSV) approach in West Africa : Key achievements & lessons learned for CSA upscaling Presentation given by Dr. Mathieu Ouédraogo, CCAFS West Africa
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  • 1. Implementing Climate-smart village (CSV) approach in West Africa : Key achievements & lessons learned for CSA upscaling Africa Climate-Smart Agriculture Alliance Forum Dakar, Senegal 27 – 28 March 2019 Mathieu Ouédraogo, Samuel T. Partey & Robert Zougmoré CCAFS WA / ICRISAT - Mali
  • 2. Key partners Contact : - ICRISAT : Robert Zougmoré CCAFS Regional Program Leader (r.zougmoré@cigar.org) Mathieu Ouedraogo, Regional CSV Coordinator (m.ouedraogo@cgiar.org ) - ICRAF: Jules Bayala (ICRAF), Project Leader (j.Bayala@cigar.org ) - INERA : André Babou Bationo, CSV Focal point - Burkina Faso - CSIR/SARI: Saaka Buah, CSV Focal point - Ghana - IER: Kalifa Traoré, CSV Focal point - Mail - INRAN: Abasse Tougiani, CSV Focal point - Niger - ISRA: Diaminatou Sanogo, CSV Focal point - Senegal See: https://ccafs.cgiar.org/regions/west-africa
  • 3. Introduction • Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is proposed as a solution to transform and reorient agricultural systems to support food security under the new realities of climate change. • For this perspective, actions are needed to ensure a wider diffusion and adoption of CSA options. • Climate-Smart village approach addresses the need for proven and effective CSA options in a real-life setting and facilitates co-development of scaling mechanisms towards landscapes, subnational and national levels.
  • 4. CSV - AR4D approach • Learning sites • Multiple partners • Capacity building Approach where CCAFS in partnership with rural communities and other stakeholders (NARES, NGOs, local authorities…), tests & validates in an integrated manner, several agricultural interventions (technological and institutional options) for dealing with climate change (addressing the productivity, adaptation and mitigation pillars, their synergies and trade-offs) Scaling up • Policy • Private sector • Mainstream successes via major initiatives Scaling out and up the appropriate options (addressing financial / incentives mechanisms and barriers) Drawing lessons for policy makers from local to global levels
  • 5. How to set up a Climate-smart village ?
  • 6. Climate-Smart Villages in World  36 CSV sites in 21 countries  10 CSV sites in WA
  • 7. Climate-smart villages in West Africa : Doggoh (Ghana), Tibtenga (Burkina), Kaffrine (Senegal), Cinzana (Mali), Kampa Zarma (Niger ) • Baseline studies at site (HH, VBS and OBS) • Development of local adaptation plans through participatory planning (using TOP-SECAC and gender tools) • Development of local multi-disciplinary and multi-organizational partnership frameworks (IP, MWGs, Partnership for CI dissemination) • Test of CSA technologies and practices by and with communities • Iterative sharing of results & planning next steps • Gender mainstreaming in activities.
  • 8. Ground testing of CSA technologies and practices with communities  22 CSA options tested in 2016 :  6 with mitigation potential,  4 with gender impact known.
  • 9. Activities Burkina Faso Ghana Mali Niger Senegal Soil and water conservation techniques Zaï, Half-moons, Stone bunds, Manure / Micro-dosing, Compost, FMNR Ties ridges, Minimum tillage-Rotation-ISFM Compost, Mulching Contour ridge tillage Micro-dosing Compost Zaï, Half-moon, FMNR FMNR Localized application of fertilizers Vegetation rehabilitation Tree planting: wood, fruit (Adansonia digitata) and vegetables (Moringa oleifera) Tree planting: woodlots (Cassia siemea, Tectona grandis), fruits (Anacardium occidentale, Mangifera indica), leafy vegetable (Moringa oleifera) Tree planting: fertilizer (Gliricidia sepium), fruit (Adansonia digitata) and leafy vegetable (Moringa oleifera) Tree planting: drought tolerant tree species (Piliostigma reticula-tum, Bauhinia rufes-cens, Ziziphus spina Christi, Balanites aegyptiaca, Leptadenia hastata) for fodder, fruit and leaf vegetable Tree planting: grafted and non- grafted fruit trees (Adansonia digitata, Annona muricata, Psidium guajava, Tamarindus indica, and Ziziphus mauritiana) , Protected area Drought tolerant and short cycle varieties millet, cowpea, and sesame, biofortified varieties of millet and sweet potato maize sorghum, millet. Millet, Sorghum, groundnut, cowpea, Sesame, Bambara groundnut; Okra, Maize, Millet Gender specific activities (women) Introduction of Moringa oleifera Off season gardening Nutrition education Soybeans recipes Gardening, Fonio Sesame Vegetables Gardening, tree planting, baobab fruit powder processing , Mitigation FMNR, Tree planting Tree planting Jatropha curcas based farming system Tree planting Jatropha curcas based farming system FMNR Tree planting FMNR, Tree planting Developing CSA portfolios in WA CSVs
  • 10. Developing CSA portfolios in WA CSVs Half-moons-Burkina FMNR - NigerImproved varieties - Niger Baobab fruit processing- Senegal Gardening-Mali Nutrition education, soybeans recipes-Ghana
  • 11. Scientific evidence of CSA portfolios in CSVs- West Africa
  • 12. Conclusion Improvement of diffusion and adoption of CSA options (SWC techniques, improved varieties, FMNR, CIS) Improvement of famers livelihoods (income, food security, reduction of migration of youth) Lack of sustained investment into climate adaptation and resilience constitutes a barrier for the scaling up of validated options. Development of partnership around CSVs to support the local development.  Mainstreaming of CSA into the development plan at all scale (local, national and regional) in order to benefit from development initiatives.
  • 13. Key partners Contact : - ICRISAT : Robert Zougmoré CCAFS Regional Program Leader (r.zougmoré@cigar.org) Mathieu Ouedraogo, Regional CSV Coordinator (m.ouedraogo@cgiar.org ) - ICRAF: Jules Bayala (ICRAF), Project Leader (j.Bayala@cigar.org ) - INERA : André Babou Bationo, CSV Focal point - Burkina Faso - CSIR/SARI: Saaka Buah, CSV Focal point - Ghana - IER: Kalifa Traoré, CSV Focal point - Mail - INRAN: Abasse Tougiani, CSV Focal point - Niger - ISRA: Diaminatou Sanogo, CSV Focal point - Senegal See: https://ccafs.cgiar.org/regions/west-africa
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