Decision Support Systems and the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure

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Decision Support Systems and the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure. Working Group Report Presented by Mary-Ellen Feeney GSDI-6, Budapest, Hungary, September 2002. Working Group Members. John Kelmelis, U.S. Geological Survey Mary-Ellen Feeney, University of Melbourne, Australia
Decision Support Systems and the Global Spatial Data InfrastructureWorking Group Report Presented by Mary-Ellen FeeneyGSDI-6, Budapest, Hungary, September 2002Working Group Members
  • John Kelmelis, U.S. Geological Survey
  • Mary-Ellen Feeney,University of Melbourne, Australia
  • Santiago Borerro-Mutis,Instituto Geographico Agustin Codazzi, Colombia
  • Dereck Clark,Directorate of Surveys and Mapping, South Africa
  • Thomas Gunther,U.S. Geological Survey
  • Ian Masser,International Institute for Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation, the Netherlands
  • Uta Wehn de Montalvo,the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research
  • Nancy Aguirre,Instituto Geographico Agustin Codazzi, Colombia
  • Questions
  • What must be done to ensure global accessibility to information for decision making in near real time?
  • What are the contributions of various organizations to achieve that vision?
  • ??
  • What is the contribution GSDI can make among these other players?
  • How can we align the various players so there is a minimal duplication of effort and all required activities are accomplished?
  • ?Methodology
  • Literature Review
  • Identify:
  • Requirements for a distributed DSS
  • GSDI Goals
  • Opportunities to meet GSDI Goals
  • Compare:
  • Requirements, Goals, and Opportunities
  • Operational approach:
  • Teleconferences and e-mail
  • Request
  • Feedback on directions
  • Findings Goal of GSDI:Distributed DSS Requirements:Opportunities:Comparison:Findings: Goal of GSDI
  • Articulate the operational environment needed to achieve Global SDI compatibility
  • Help build globally compatible SDI capacity around the world
  • Educate decision-makers on the benefits of GSDI inside and outside their borders
  • Assure that different SDI related policies can be facilitated by the GSDI
  • Advance the GSDI mission until a global SDI is achieved.
  • Findings: Distributed DSS Requirements1. Problem Environment 2. Technical Environment3. People EnvironmentMust Address Three Major Environments:1. Problem Environment 2. Technical Environment3. People EnvironmentFor Each… …….who should do what?1. Problem EnvironmentApplication AreasManagementScienceKnowledge of biophysical and socioeconomic systemsFieldsLocations Disciplinesof problems to be addressed1. Problem EnvironmentScientific organizations – Academia, Government Agencies, NGO’s (not for profit and for profit)ScienceKnowledge of biophysical and socioeconomic systems
  • GSDI Role:
  • Through its experience identify crucial processes that should be understood and report that to other institutions.
  • Through its network encourage training.
  • 1. Problem Environment
  • GSDI Role:
  • Develop classification of types of problems to help people search for the solutions they need.
  • Stimulate government policies to ensure access to information.
  • Stakeholders – communities,land management organizations, resource managers, disaster managers... coordinating bodies(G.I. for Sustainable Development, etc.)Managementof problems to be addressed1. Problem EnvironmentApplication Stakeholders including scientists, economists, sociologists, politicians, citizensApplication AreasFieldsLocations Disciplines
  • GSDI Role:
  • Help prioritize areas of concentration so the greatest benefit could be achieved from the effort
  • 2. Technical EnvironmentData Type, content, structure, format, Metadata, etc. (language, DBMS, availability, volume…)Data ModelsToolsTelecommunications, access, networksInterfaceUsability, adaptability, user interfacesModelsBiophysical and socioeconomic processes, metadata, metamodels …GIS, statistics, mathematics, data Tools mining, visualization, artificial intelligence, OLAP, warehousing etc.Telecommunications, access, networks Graphical User Interfaces, visual Interface programming languages, HTML, XML, GML, web based technologyUsability, adaptability, user interfaces2. Technical EnvironmentGlobal Map (framework), UNGIWG, National Mapping Organizations, ISO…..DataType, content, format, metadata, language, availability, volume etc.
  • GSDI Role:
  • Work closely with standards organizations
  • Increase dissemination of the Cookbook
  • Promote and assist in implementing standards
  • Promote example case studies
  • 2. Technical EnvironmentScientific Organizations – see “The Problem Environment – Science”ModelsBiophysicalSocioeconomicmetadata and meta models
  • GSDI Role:
  • Develop awareness of the value and application of interoperable models and the means of finding and using existing models
  • Work with standards organizations to help develop model interoperability standards.
  • 2. Technical EnvironmentScientific Organizations – see “The Problem Environment – Science”ToolsGIS, statistics, maths, AI, OLAP visualization, warehousing etc.
  • GSDI Role:
  • Coordinate with standards setting organizations (OGIS etc.) and private industry
  • Identify need for tools in developing countries
  • Assist in specifying discovery and access systems
  • 2. Technical EnvironmentPrivate Industry, National GovernmentsAccess NetworksTele-communications
  • GSDI Role:
  • Encourage telecommunications sector to become involved in GSDI, NSDIs and related activities.
  • Identify potential opportunities for their participation
  • Describe needs in the literature and directly to the sector.
  • 2. Technical EnvironmentPrivate Industry, academia, government agenciesInterfaceGraphical user interfaces, visual programming languages, HTML, XML, GML, web based technology etc.
  • GSDI Role:
  • Coordinate with standards setting organizations, private industry and users to recommend needs.
  • 2. Technical EnvironmentPrivate Industry, academia, government agenciesUsability, adaptability, user interfaces
  • GSDI Role:
  • Develop needs through contact with members and users,
  • Make Recommendations to appropriate organizations.
  • DataDecision MakersAccessUsabilityDecision ProcessesWhoUse of TechnologyKnowledge ExchangeNeedsApplication of results…….Incentives…Accountability3. People EnvironmentStakeholdersSkills and TrainingDecision perspectivePoliciesDataAccessUsabilityKnowledge ExchangeAccountability3. People EnvironmentPoliciesGovernment, industry and other bodies must set the policies
  • GSDI Role:
  • Work with other organizations (GDIN, GISD, OGC, etc.) to identify needs and recommend standards.
  • Use of TechnologyApplication of results…….3. People EnvironmentAcademic institutions, government agencies, World Bank, etc.Skills and Training
  • GSDI Role:
  • Identify needs,
  • Help develop course materials,
  • Provide venue for training,
  • Identify and exchange best practices,
  • Help develop capacity.
  • WhoNeedsIncentives…3. People EnvironmentOther related groups (Global Map, GISD, …), Centre for Science and PolicyStakeholders
  • GSDI Role:
  • Help identify target user needs,
  • Encourage involvement (national, community, etc.),
  • Help provide venue for communication,
  • Help identify needs for telecommunications opportunities..
  • Decision MakersDecision Processes3. People EnvironmentDecision perspectiveCentre for Science and Policy, Selected Field projects, GISD
  • GSDI Role:
  • Help identify best practices and, through GSDI, encourage their use.
  • Training, workshops, etc.
  • Next Steps
  • Receive input/suggestions from GSDI
  • Incorporate input and finalise draft document
  • Submit for formal review
  • Present to GSDI and publish
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