Department of Science and Technology Government of India

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Department of Science and Technology Government of India. Science & Technology in India. CENTRAL GOVERNMENT S&T DEPARTMENTS/ COUNCILS. UNIVERSITIES INDEPENDENT R&D INSTITUTES / AUTONOMOUS ORGANISATIONS. STATE GOVERNMENT S&T DEPARTMENTS / COUNCILS. S&T IN NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS.
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Department of Science and TechnologyGovernment of IndiaScience & Technology in IndiaCENTRAL GOVERNMENT S&T DEPARTMENTS/ COUNCILSUNIVERSITIES INDEPENDENT R&D INSTITUTES / AUTONOMOUS ORGANISATIONS STATEGOVERNMENT S&T DEPARTMENTS / COUNCILSS&T IN NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONSIN-HOUSE R&D IN PRIVATE INDUSTRIESScience Structure In IndiaDSTDOSDIETYDRDODAEOTHERSMOESDSIRDBTCSIRCENTRAL S&TDEPARTMENTSMHRDICARMNREMOEFDHRDST: Objectives and Functions
  • Formulation of Science, Technology & Innovation Policy and other enabling Policies for the R&D Sector
  • Strengthening Basic Research and Expanding R&D base - Human Capacity
  • Strengthening Basic Research and Expanding R&D base - Institutional Capacity
  • Implementing Technology Development Programs
  • Societal Interventions through S&T
  • International S&T Co-operation/ Partnerships and Alliances
  • Brief Highlights of Indian Science
  • Public investments into Indian science sector have maintained a near 20-25% growth annually since 2005
  • Relative position of India with respect to scientific publications and patents have improved considerably since 2005 (from 13th to 9th and 16th to 12th)
  • Average annual growth of publication has been 14% with 3.5% of world share; Engg Sciences has highest growth
  • Several new institutions have been established for expanding the R&D base
  • FTEs in R&D is estimated to have increased from 154,000 to 170,000
  • Private sector investments into R&D increased from 0.24% to 0.33% of GDP
  • India’s performance at Scientific Publication frontGood news is that citation frequency has doubled during the last few years5% target and 6th major global power by 2017Slope change is ~ 5 timesFrom Thomson Reuters Data baseScopus data baseSDPCPerformance growth of university sector in h-indices over 1996-2006 to 1998-200830 crore15 crore9 crore6 croreUniversity share of publications has increased from 15% in 2003 to 31% in 201012th April 12Profile of Average Citations per Paper (2004-09)19 institutions (including 7 universities) above the national citation average of 3.47 per paperOut of top 50 institutions in publication sector, 23 are universitiesUoH, PU, UoD, UoPune, GDNU, UoM, JNUIndian Performance in Nano Science
  • Indian growth rate is at 9.1 per year
  • India has emerged as the sixth major country in nano science outputs
  • Focus on Nanotech applications and enterprises
  • Automotive filterWater filterImproving gender parity in extramural R&D projects supported by central S&T agenciesNumber of female Project Investigators12th April 12DST HighlightsEstablishment of Science &Engineering Research Board (SERB)Technology Development Board (TBD) Statutory Body forinnovation support systemDST HighlightsNational Board of Accreditation of Testing and calibration of Laboratories (NABL)The number of laboratories accredited has grown from ~670 to 1700 National Entrepreneurship Board (NEB)Supports establishment of Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Parks and Technology Business Incubation Parks.Total of 64 parks have been supported. Incubatedmore than 2600 start-up companies and led to more than 26000 employments. Plans are made to scale up this initiativeDST HighlightsINSPIREhas gained wide enrollment from the science community DST HighlightsINSPIRE IMPLEMENTATION STATUSINSPIRE AWARD65K INSPIRE AWARDS releasedCLASS VI - XAge 10-15INSPIRE INTERNSHIP~500 CAMPS HELD. 30 NLs joined1,20,000 INTERNS GAINED3500 RESOURCE PERSONS ENROLLEDCLASS XIThe programme has made a difference to the science sector alreadyAge 16-18INSPIRE SCHOLARSHIPS~15000 AWARDEDAge 17-22, BSc/ MSc levelsINSPIRE FELLOWS ~1600 AWARDEDAge 22-27, PhD level74 awarded, 101 selectedAssured Career Opportunity in ResearchAge 27-32DST HighlightsPolicy for Science and Science Policy for Development
  • Synergizing Science, Technology and Innovation
  • Extent to which STI enterprise integrates vertically and creates social and economic goods through innovation with impact on the national development processes
  • There is discovery element in science. There is also solution dimension to modern science. Balancing and interconnecting discovery and solution dimensions of science need new mechanisms and pathways
  • Enrolling Indian society and Indian industry as major stakeholders in the process
  • Priorities of STI Policy 2013
  • Nourishing the root of science by promoting excellence
  • Focus on science education & teaching and attraction of talents to science
  • Combining Excellence with Relevance
  • Grand challenge programs with matching deployment of resources
  • Performance-Reward Relationship
  • Performance Related Incentive System (PRIS) for basic research
  • Delivery systems for STI outputs to stake holders
  • Partnerships with socio-economic ministries and State Governments for enhancing the stake holder value of STI enterprise
  • Priorities of STI Policy 2013
  • Attracting Private Sector investments into R&D
  • R&D for public and social goods objectives through PPP model
  • Partnership among stake holders to scale R&D successes
  • Closing gaps in translational research leading to application of R&D findings
  • Gaining Global Competitiveness through collaboration
  • Strategic partnerships and alliances with other nations for value addition to national programs and addressing global issues
  • Participation in global consortia for mega science projects
  • POLICY GOAL
  • Serving India by connecting performance with excellence and relevance
  • Accelerate the pace of discovery and delivery of science-led solutions for serving the national goal of faster, sustainable and inclusive growth
  • A strong and viable Science, Research and Innovation System for High Technology-led path for India (SRISHTI)is a policy goal.
  • International Partnerships & Alliances
  • Mandate: Identify, facilitate and promote India’s international cooperation in frontier and emerging areas of STI under bilateral and multilateral programs
  • Guiding Principles:
  • Technology Synergy
  • Parity based international relationship based on co-funding and reciprocity
  • Technology Diplomacy
  • Investing into promoting international relationship with developing countries
  • Technology Acquisition
  • Need based investments for technology acquisition, development and transfer
  • Private Public Partnership
  • Promoting industrial R&D & technology development for innovation and techno-entrepreneurship
  • International Cooperation
  • Leverage ‘international collaborative advantage’ for national programs and addressing global challenges
  • Bilateral agreements with more than 83 countries with active cooperation with 41 countries
  • Cooperation significantly strengthened with Australia, EU, France, Germany, UK and USA with co-investments exceeding US$180 m during last five years
  • Average Impact factor of publications through cooperation is 5.4 compared to 3.7 from national publications
  • Cooperation with African countries launched through new India Africa S&T Initiative
  • Bi-national S&T Bodies with France, Germany, Russia and USA
  • Global Innovation Technology Alliance (GITA) as a platform to engage in industrial R&D, technology development and innovation
  • Industrial R&D cooperation with Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Russia, USA
  • Multilateral / Regional India’s International S & T EngagementsAsiaNorth AmericaSouth AmericaEurope
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Korea South
  • Myanmar
  • Singapore
  • Sri Lanka
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Canada
  • Mexico
  • USA
  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Mexico
  • Austria
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Czech Republic
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Ukraine
  • UK
  • Africa
  • India Africa Initiative
  • Botswana
  • Mauritius
  • South Africa
  • Tunisia
  • OceaniaASEANBRICS EUIBSAIOR NAM TWAS SAARC
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • Modalities of International Cooperation
  • Contact Building through
  • Joint Workshops/ Seminars/Symposia and Exhibitions
  • Visitation, Fellowships & Internships
  • Exchange of S&T Information and Systems
  • Exploratory visits
  • Lectures by Eminent Scientists
  • Fielding young researchers scholars to international meets with Peers
  • Provide Support for
  • Joint R&D Projects of mutual interest
  • Project mode mobility based exchange
  • Training and Advanced Schools
  • Access to Advanced Facilities
  • Participation in international Mega-science projects
  • Facilitate and Promote
  • Creation of Joint R&D Centres
  • Virtual Centres of Excellence
  • Multi - institutional R&D projects
  • Catalyzing creation of Joint Ventures
  • Modalities of International CooperationPromote Commercial R&D and Innovation
  • Academia – Industry R&D Projects
  • Public Private Partnership for Innovation and Entrepreneurship
  • Facilitate Technology Development & Transfer
  • Hold annual Technology Summit with a partner country
  • Establishment of Bilateral S&T Bodies
  • Indo-French Centre for Promotion of Advanced Research
  • Indo-US Science & Technology Forum
  • Indo-German Science & Technology Centre
  • Indo-Russian Scientific & Technological Centre
  • Capacity Building in R&D: 2012-17Building critical research mass in selected areas
  • Computer & mathematical sciences, earth & environmental sciences, glaciology, clinical medicine, cognitive sciences, etc.
  • Expanding Human capacity base in R&D
  • Overseas doctoral & post doctoral fellowships & Re-entry schemes for expats & foreign researchers
  • Strengthening University Research
  • Special schemes like FIST, PURSE, CURIE etc.
  • Competitive grants for decadal institutional R&D programs in areas
  • Climate change, new energy and sustainability science
  • National Action Plan for Climate Change Research
  • Sustaining Himalayan Eco System
  • Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change
  • Participation in Global Mega-science R&D Projects
  • Off shore investment (CERN, FAIR, DESY, TMT)
  • In-country Experiments (INDIGO, INO)
  • Capacity Building in R&D: 2012-17Stepping up Nano Mission
  • With focus on industrial R&D and applications
  • Establishment of National Centers for Advanced Research
  • Water technologies, advanced manufacturing, robotics, sensors & integrated systems, geospatial technologies, super computing
  • Investments into solution science through PPP model
  • In solar energy, water, health, security technologies etc.
  • Developing Technology Platforms through PPP model
  • Membrane technologies for sensors, computational materials engineering, next generation wireless systems, distributed off grid power systems, etc.
  • National and Bi-national R&D centers
  • Clean energy, automotive research, biomedical devices & therapeutic technology etc.
  • Thank you
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