Dietary supplements

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 41
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Similar Documents
Information Report
Category:

Healthcare

Published:

Views: 0 | Pages: 41

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Share
Description
1. A dietary supplement, as defined by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994 is a product (other than tobacco) intended to supplement the diet…
Transcript
  • 1. A dietary supplement, as defined by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994 is a product (other than tobacco) intended to supplement the diet that contains one or more of the following dietary ingredients: •Vitamin •Mineral •Herbs •Amino acid •Concentrate,metabolite, extractor acombination of theabove Canbe in theform of tablets,powders, soft gels, liquids, barsetc 103rd CongressPublicLaw103-417. Dietarysupplementshealthandeducationact of1994
  • 2. •Dietary supplements are not intended to be used as a food or as a sole item of ameal or diet. •In a study of NCAA athletes at a Division I university, Froiland et al. (2005) reported that 23% of the athletes take dietary supplements atleast5 times aweek •73% of theathletestakeenergy drinks (Gatorade,Red bull) •61.4% take calorie replacers (Boost, Slim-Fast) and bars (PowerBar, Personal Edge) •47% takemultivitamins 103rd CongressPublicLaw103-417. Dietarysupplementshealthandeducationact of1994
  • 3. VARIETYOF SUPPLEMENTSINPADUKONE-DRAVIDCENTREFOR SPORTSEXCELLENCE
  • 4. •Body carbohydrate stores provide an important fuel sourcefor thebrainandmuscle duringexercise •Optimal performance is achieved in competitive events or training by modifying the timing, amount and type of carbohydrate food and drinks according to the demands of thesession and theindividual needs of theathlete. •Optimal diet benefits include improved and consistent performance, enhanced recovery, ideal body weight and composition, andreduced risk of injury https://www.srasanz.org/sras/sugar-and-health/role-carbohydrates-athletes/
  • 5. •A carbohydrate rich meal or snack 1-2 hours prior to exercise can provide a good fuel source to meet the demands of generalexercise. •During shorter periods of exercise (less than 45 minutes), carbohydrate intake during exercise is not considered tobe necessary •Carbohydrate-rich foods with a moderate to high glycemic index is recommended for a post-exercise meal, the most readily available source for muscle glycogen synthesis https://www.srasanz.org/sras/sugar-and-health/role-carbohydrates-athletes/
  • 6. https://www.srasanz.org/sras/sugar-and-health/role-carbohydrates-athletes/
  • 7. GatoradePerform-Orange 591ml RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE : Startyour drinkin the firstminutes ofthe race,then drink in small quantities every 15 to20 minutes. Drink500 ml/hour. It is recommended tomaintain avaried,balanced diet anda healthy lifestyle. Only use this drink in case ofintense muscular effort. STOCKADVICE : After opening, keep refrigerated andconsume within 3 days. LEGAL NOTICE : It is important tomaintain a varied,balanced diet, anda healthy lifestyle.
  • 8. Sugar/StarchDigestion– 180Capsules MANSportsIso-CarbPowder,1080g NOWSportsCarboGain Powder,8lbs
  • 9. •Protein is one of the most popular dietary supplements marketed to athletes and physically- activeindividuals. •Recommended to increase muscle mass, to prevent protein catabolism during prolonged exercise, to promote muscle glycogen resynthesis following exercise, andtoprevent sports anemia •Resistance athletes need 1.6–1.7g protein/kg body weight while endurance athletes need approximately 1.2–1.4g/kg LambertC:Macronutrientconsiderationsforthesportofbodybuilding.SportsMedicine.2014
  • 10. •Whey and colostrum are two forms of protein that aretheorizedtobe ergogenic. •A significant effect of colostrum supplementation wasfound on a 50-meter sprinttime. •Ingestion of whey protein after exercise resulted in increase in muscle protein net balance, resulting in net muscle protein synthesis LambertC:Macronutrientconsiderationsforthesportofbodybuilding.SportsMedicine.2014
  • 11. OPTIMUM NUTRITION GOLDSTANDARD100% WheyProteinPowder, DoubleRichChocolate2 Pound Warnings: For adults only. Consult physician if pregnant, taking medication or havinga medical condition. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food andDrugAdministration. This product is not intended todiagnose, treat, cure orprevent any disease Product description: Uses pureWhey Protein Isolates as the primaryingredient. Combined with ultra-filtered whey protein concentrate, each serving provides 24 grams ofall-whey protein and5.5 grams ofnaturallyoccurring BCAAs which areprizedby athletes fortheir muscle building qualities.
  • 12. YogaProteinBars-20g(Chocolate cranberry) SFHRecoveryWheyProtein (Chocolate) TOPSECRET NUTRITION EssentialAminoAcids (180capsules) Gatoradeproteinshake,powderandbar
  • 13. •Amino acids enhance performance by increasing secretion of anabolic hormones, modifying fuel use during exercise, preventing adverse effects of overtraining,andpreventing mentalfatigue. •Leucine, isoleucine, and valine called Branched-chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) helps in muscle growth, protect glycogen stores, increasing fat burn and reduce muscle soreness •Glutamine promotes muscle glycogen synthesis, enhancesmuscularstrength.(considered ergogenic) •Arginine is a substrate for nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, a potent endogenous vasodilator that may benefit bloodflowandendurancecapacity. WilliamsMH: Factsandfallaciesofpurportedergogenicaminoacid supplements.ClinicsinSports
  • 14. •Providing an ample supply of essential amino acids to the muscle within 1–3 hours following exercise may help tofurthermuscle proteinsynthesis. •0.1 gram of essential amino acids per kilogram of body weight (7 grams for a 70-kilogram athlete) during the 1st few hours of recovery from heavy resistance exercise produce a transient, net positive increase in muscle proteinbalance. •Small amounts of amino acids, combined with carbohydrates, can transiently increase muscle protein anabolism WilliamsMH: Factsandfallaciesofpurportedergogenicaminoacid supplements.ClinicsinSports
  • 15. OPTIMUM NUTRITION BCAA's (Unflavored) Product description: Contains 1000mg ofBCAA which areessential andmust be consumed through diet. They arethe building blocks for muscle andaidboth endurance andrecovery. Optimum Nutrition BCAA's contain 500 mg of Leucine, 250 mg of Isoleucine andValine. Used as a supplement toprotein powders oryour regulardiet, these BCAA's will help support recovery as well as building lean muscle mass.
  • 16. •Creatine is chemically known as a non-protein nitrogen; acompound whichcontainsnitrogenbutis not aprotein •It is synthesized in the liver and pancreas from the amino acids arginine,glycine, and methionine •Creatine monohydrate is the most effective ergogenic nutritional supplement to increase high-intensity exercise capacityandlean body mass during training. •Recommendation- 0.3 grams/kg/day of creatine monohydrate for at least 3 days followed by 3–5 g/d thereaftertomaintainelevated stores https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2048496
  • 17. •Vitamins function in the human body as metabolic regulators, influencing a number of physiological processes important to exercise or sport performance •Many of the B-complex vitamins are involved in processing carbohydrate and fats for energy production, form hemoglobin in RBC that helps in oxygen delivery to the muscles during aerobic enduranceexercise. •Vitamins C and E function as antioxidants, important for preventing oxidative damage to cellular and sub cellular structure and function during exercise training NationalAcademyof Sciences: Dietary Reference Intakes forVitaminA, VitaminK, Arsenic, Boron,Chromium,Copper, Iodine, Iron,Manganese,Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium,andZinc. 2012,Washington,DC:NationalAcademy Press
  • 18. MaxProtein EssentialsVitaminC capsules Warnings: Consult a physician priortouse if you have anymedical condition. This product is notintended todiagnose, treat, cure, orprevent any disease. For use as a dietary supplement only. This product is not intended toreplace a varied and balanced nutrition. Keep out of reach of children. Storein a cool, dryplace. Recommendation: take 1 capsule a day.
  • 19. StrengthSportNutritionVitaminD3 capsules Healthkartmultivitaminsoftgelatine capsules Nature’swayVitaminE 400IUsoft gels ZeninVitaminB complex capsules (Vegetarian)
  • 20. •The major minerals are Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, chloride, potassium and sulfur(Daily requirement-100mg/day or above) •They help in enhancing the integrity of bones to withstand the impact during sports, providing electrolytes lost insweatandprevent muscle cramps •The trace minerals are iron, zinc, chromium, fluorine, copper, manganese, iodine, molybdenum andselenium (Daily requirement-less than100mg/day) •They help in oxygen transport, immunity, wound healing, protein synthesis, bone mineralization,etc NationalAcademyof Sciences: Dietary Reference Intakes forVitaminA, VitaminK, Arsenic, Boron,Chromium,Copper, Iodine, Iron,Manganese,Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium,andZinc. 2012,Washington,DC:NationalAcademy Press
  • 21. Safety Information: If you arepregnant, nursing, taking any medications, consult yourdoctor before use. LegalDisclaimer: Dietary Supplement not formedicinal use. Recommendation: take 2 tablets a day. Product description: Iron is one ofthe most important minerals in human nutrition. As a key component of hemoglobin, it plays a vital role in helping redbloodcells deliver oxygen toevery cell in the body. It'salsoan essential component ofenzymes involved in fatty acid metabolism andenergy production. NutriosysIron Ferrousfumarate 65mg (90 Tablets)
  • 22. FreyNutritionMineralComplex- 120 capsules Now FoodsBONECALCIUMTablets SaltStickCapsPLUS 100Capsules,withSaltand Minerals VitalyteElectrolytePowderSports DrinkMix, 80ServingsPerContainer
  • 23. •If anathletewishes totakethis,he or she should usea standardizedproduct. •Products should have the scientific name and quantity of the botanical clearly identified on thelabel •Athletesshould consultaphysician aboutpotentialdrug interactions •Morethan1400 herbsareconsidered tobe safe for use(FDA) Healthof welfare: DietaryReference Intakesforherbal supplements. 2014,Canada
  • 24. Healthof welfare: DietaryReference Intakesforherbal supplements. 2014,Canada
  • 25. Nowfoodsslimalumaplus - 60Veg capsules Warnings: For adults only. Consult physician if pregnant, taking medication or havinga medical condition Product description: NOW Slimaluma Plus hasa patented extract of Carallumafimbriata, an edible succulent native toIndia. Slimaluma has been clinically tested foruse in appetite control and weight management. NOW Slimaluma Plus also features the ingredients Green Tea Extract andYerba Matefor their energizing effects. Recommended use: 2 capsules/ day (45 mins before meals)
  • 26. •ANABOLIC AGENTS/ PROHORMONES - Creatine Monohydrate, Boron, Conjugatedlinoleic acid(CLA), etc •FATREDUCERS- Caffeine, L-carnitine,Ephedrine, etc •ANTICATABOLICS- Glutamine, Leucine, BCAAs, Whey, Casein,etc NOWFoodsL-Carnitine-500mg NutrakeyCaffeine100capsule Nutrition forAthletes, International Olympic CommitteeNutrition Working Group of theMedical and Scientific Commission oftheInternational Olympic Committee,Revisedand Updated in June2016
  • 27. SUPPLEMENTSUSED BY TEAMSPORTSATHLETES HeatherHedrickFink, Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition, 2ND EDITION Paperback – 2009
  • 28. SUPPLEMENTSUSED BY STRENGTH/POWER ATHLETES HeatherHedrickFink, Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition, 2ND EDITION Paperback – 2009
  • 29. SUPPLEMENTSUSED BY ENDURANCEATHLETES HeatherHedrickFink, Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition, 2ND EDITION Paperback – 2009
  • 30. The WADA bans the following drug classes. (2019-2020) • Stimulants. Cocaine;Ephedrine; Methamphetamine; etc • Anabolic Agents. Androstenedione; Boldenone, Testosterone, etc • Alcohol AndBeta Blockers. Atenolol; Metoprolol; Nadolol; etc • Diuretics And Masking Agents. Bumetanide; Chlorothiazide; etc • Narcotics. Morphine; Nicomorphine;Oxycodone, etc • Cannabinoids. Marijuana;Tetrahydrocannabinol,etc • Peptide Hormones, Growth Factors, Related Substances And Mimetics. Growth Hormone(GH); Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCH), etc • Hormone And Metabolic Modulators (Anti-estrogens). Anastrozole; Tamoxifen, etc • Beta-2 Agonists. Bambuterol; Formoterol; etc https://www.wada-ama.org/sites/default/files/wada_2019_english_prohibited_list.pdf
  • 31. • Athletes turn to supplements as they feel it’ll give them an edge over their competitors • In the NCAA study, 43.5% of the athletes were reported taking supplements for health, 42.5% for strength and power improvement, 42.5% to increase muscle gain. • Male athletes tend to choose protein supplements, creatine for gaining muscle mass andfatburn • Females take vitamin & mineral supplements, weight loss supplements and energyenhancers •Example- Calciumor Iron supplements for eliminating deficiencies HeatherHedrickFink, Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition, 2ND EDITION Paperback – 2009
  • 32. • Expensive • Mostly illegal – either by law or stated by international sports governing bodies • Manyareharmful tohealth • Most probably do not helpatall • Researchis limited – few humanstudies; small sample sizes; shortin duration • They are frequently taken by athletes in quantities that are larger than recommended HeatherHedrickFink, Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition, 2ND EDITION Paperback – 2009 DISADVANTAGESOFTAKING SUPPLEMENTS
  • 33. •Dietary supplements do not have to undergo any studies on safetyor efficacy prior toenteringthemarket •The manufacturer gathers and interprets safety information andsubmits totheFDA 75 days prior tomarketing. •DSHEA since 1999 has required all supplements to be labelled withingredients andfacts •Manufacturers cannot claim that the product can cure diseases, relieve health conditions, has pharmacological uses asthenitwould be a drug & require FDA approval HeatherHedrickFink, Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition, 2ND EDITION Paperback – 2009
  • 34. •Manufacturers can make structure/function, nutrient contentandhealthclaims •Food labels are regulated by FDA but supplement labels are not. •Athletes must be aware that the supplement may contain bannedsubstancesor maypose ahealthrisk upon them HeatherHedrickFink, Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition, 2ND EDITION Paperback – 2009
  • 35. •It ensures truth in advertising on supplement labels •Prevents unfair competition and protects consumers from unfairor deceptive practicesin themarketplace •Can take action against the manufacturer for providing false alarm HeatherHedrickFink, Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition, 2ND EDITION Paperback – 2009
  • 36. • The USP (United States Pharmacopenia) in 2003 developed qualitystandardsfor dietarysupplements • USP ensures that the product was manufactured using GMP • Athletesshouldbuyproducts withUSP verified symbol • The manufacturing and labelling used by a larger company willhavebetter standards HeatherHedrickFink, Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition, 2ND EDITION Paperback – 2009
  • 37. •Improving public information about use of dietary supplements involves investments in professional training programs, further studies of population and nutrient needs, expanding the database information, enhancing collaborations between governments and universities, and translating dietary supplement research into useful information for consumers, health professionals, scientists, andpolicymakers. •Future demonstration of efficacy from use of dietary supplements requires high-quality clinical research using rigorously-qualified products and compliance with established guidelines for reporting of clinical trialresults
  • 38. REFERENCES 1. AmericanDieteticAssociation,DietitiansofCanada:AmericanCollegeofSportsMedicine.Nutritionandathleticperformance.Journalofthe AmericanDieteticAssociation.2000, 100:1543–46.10.1016/S0002-8223(00)00428-4 2. NationalAcademyofSciences:DietaryReferenceIntakesforEnergy,Carbohydrates, Fiber,Fat,ProteinandAminoAcids.2012, Washington,DC: NationalAcademies 3. HeatherHedrickFink,PracticalApplicationsinSportsNutrition,2NDEDITION Paperback– 2009 4. LambertC:Macronutrientconsiderationsforthesportofbodybuilding.SportsMedicine.2014,34: 317–27.10.2165/00007256-200434050- 00004. 5. TiptonK: Ingestionofcaseinandwheyproteinsresultin muscleanabolismafterResistanceexercise.Medicine & Science in Sports& Exercise. 2014, 36:2073–81.10.1249/01.MSS.0000147582.99810.C5. 6. WilliamsMH:NutritionforHealth,Fitness& Sports.2005, Boston:McGraw-Hill 7. FAQson DietarySupplements".OfficeofDietarySupplements,USNationalInstitutesofHealth 8. NutritionforAthletes,InternationalOlympicCommitteeNutritionWorkingGroup oftheMedicalandScientificCommissionoftheInternational OlympicCommittee,RevisedandUpdatedin June2016 9. FoodLabeling:HealthClaims;CalciumandOsteoporosis,andCalcium,VitaminD, and Osteoporosis U.S.FoodandDrugAdministration 10. NaclerioF,Larumbe-ZabalaE (2016)."EffectsofWheyProteinAloneorasPartofaMulti-ingredientFormulationon Strength,Fat-FreeMass,or LeanBodyMassinResistance-TrainedIndividuals:AMeta-analysis"(PDF).SportsMed.46 (1):125–137.doi:10.1007/s40279-015-0403- y.PMID26403469 11. NationalAcademyofSciences:DietaryReferenceIntakesforVitaminA,VitaminK, Arsenic,Boron,Chromium,Copper,Iodine,Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum,Nickel, Silicon,Vanadium,andZinc.2012, Washington,DC:NationalAcademyPress 12. https://www.srasanz.org/sras/sugar-and-health/role-carbohydrates-athletes/ 13. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2048496 14. https://www.uspnf.com 15. https://www.wada-ama.org/sites/default/files/wada_2019_english_prohibited_list.pdf
  • We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks
    SAVE OUR EARTH

    We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

    More details...

    Sign Now!

    We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

    x