Electronic Health Records in India and Impact on the Indian Healthcare System

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Electronic Health Records in India and Impact on the Indian Healthcare System
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  Running head: Electronic Health Records In India 1Electronic Health Records in India and Impact on the Indian Healthcare SystemAyodeji BabaniyiColeman Uniersity  Electronic Health Records In India ! Table of Contents Introduction""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""#$urpose o% Study""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""&Research 'uestions""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""&(ethodology"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""")*imitation o% Study"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""")History o% Healthcare System in India""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""")Rural and Urban""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""")+echnology in Healthcare in India1,$ortable In%ormation Storage- (obile Health Records""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""1,Closed .et/or0s""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""11IC+ $enetration in Rural Areas""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""1!*o/ Cost Highly E%%icient .et/or0s Sharing In%ormation""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""12 .et/or0 Integrity"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""13 .et/or0 Interoperability""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""13E(R and EHR implementation standards and their releance and adherence in India""""""""""""1#Human 4actor in Implementing and Success%ully Utili5ing +echnology""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""1#Implementing Electronic Health Records1&+he Bene%actors"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""1&+he $roblems"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""164uture"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""16Achieing 7perations E%%iciency through EHR Implementation""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""189eeloping in%rastructure %or EHR implementation in India""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!,  Electronic Health Records In India 2Regulatory 4rame/or0 %or EHR Implementation"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!!Rural and Urban (ar0ets %or EHR Implementation""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!24actors in%luencing success%ul implementation o% EHR in India!39i%%erences 9ue to +echnological Adancements"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#Access to HealthcareRural and Urban 9iide""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&Aailability o% Alternate +herapies""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!)Cost o% Care"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!6Human Resources and (anagement""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!6EHR in India and the US!8Conclusions and Recommendations2,  Electronic Health Records In India 3AbstractIndia proides ;uality and a%%ordable serice in order to attract health tourists %rom eery noo0 and corner o% the /orld" +he health care proisioning is not e;ual in the country" +he di%%erencesare huge as the as rural and urban areas hae astly di%%erent technological landscapes" +headaptation o% the technology is also not e;ual yet there is certain leel o% technology has beenemployed by both priate and public leel operators" EHR implementation is high in India /hencompared to that o% the US o/ing to prealence o% re;uired in%rastructure and aailability o% healthcare pro%essionals" Implementing EHR in the country<s 1#,,, odd public and priateo/ned care centers can inariably improe ;uality o% care in the country" Ho/eer gien thedisparities in rural and urban areas in implementing di%%ering technologies it is recommendedthat the solution be implemented in stages /hile adapting to technological changes %or long termsustainability"  Keywords:  Electronic medical records =E(R> electronic health records =EHR> healthcaretechnology    Electronic Health Records In India #Electronic Health Records in India and Impacts on the Indian Healthcare System+he Indian healthcare sector is a signi%icant contributor to the country<s ?9$ =?ross9omestic $roduct> and t/o o% the seeral sta0eholders o% this sector citi5ens and healthcareserice proiders are directly and majorly impacted by the changes in the sector at any time=9epartment o% Health and 4amily @el%are !,12>" +he sector is estimated at 23 billion /ith a& contribution to the country<s ?9$ =Abraham Ball 9r" Cheung 9ebenedetti et al !,1,>"+he Indian healthcare sector is still in its nascent stage although there are a couple o% internationally acclaimed pharmaceutical companies and healthcare proiders that are actiely participating in improing the ;uality o% care currently proided" Ho/eer there are seeral%actors li0e lo/ cost high ;uality and easy access to healthcare that are playing an importantrole in attracting major inestments and changes in the sector" @hile it is a gien that technology al/ays helps ease out many o% the problems that anyindustry %aces the Indian healthcare sector is typical in terms o% its comple and aried streamso% healthcare serices and their di%%erent approaches to healthcare" +here are these streams o% medicinal practices such as Ayureda Homeopathy Allopathy Unani etc /hich are e;ually popular among the people both /ithin the country and outside" Although the needs o% thehealthcare see0ers are the same and does not change across the streams o% treatment practice it isthe uni;ue approaches that can ma0e it di%%icult to proide uni%ormity in serice to any gien seto% patients" 4urther as ast as the geographical stretch o% the country is the access to each di%%erenceo% these di%%erent types o% healthcare and it is ;uite di%%icult to coer the entire nation eenthrough technology" +he %acilities proided at the di%%erent healthcare centers too arysigni%icantly so it is di%%icult to maintain a 0ind o% uni%ormity in the proided healthcare serices
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