Emergency Shoulder Use

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1. Emergency Evacuation Analysis BY: MARIANNA PASSOS AND JONATHAN CRUZ 2. What is mass destruction? ã Occurrence of widespread, severe damage, injury or loss of…
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  • 1. Emergency Evacuation Analysis BY: MARIANNA PASSOS AND JONATHAN CRUZ
  • 2. What is mass destruction? • Occurrence of widespread, severe damage, injury or loss of life/property • The affected society undergoes severe disruption • Occurring in a relatively short time • Exceeds the affected society’s ability to cope using its own resources
  • 3. Man-Made vs Natural Events: Outbreaks: • Smallpox • Ebola • Yellow Fever • Whooping cough Weapons of Mass Destruction: oBiological oChemical oRadiological oBombs Severe weather: • Hurricanes • Tornados • Flooding • Erosion
  • 4. Hurricane Andrew (1992) • August 24, 1992 • Category 5 • Landfall Homestead, FL • $26.5 billion in Damage • 165 MHP winds • 43 dead in Florida • 25,524 homes destroyed • 5th costliest Hurricane
  • 5. Hurricane Wilma (2005) • October 24, 2005 • Category 5 • Landfall Cape Romano, FL • $29.4 billion in damage • Smallest eye recorded • Fatalities: 62 • 4th costliest hurricane
  • 6. A Little Info About Florida • 3rd highest populated state • Average of 107 million visitors per year • Continues to grow above national average • “Florida’s growing population and tourism requires sustained investment in mobility.” ~ FDOT • Most of the land lies just above sea level
  • 7. Agencies • 511/Traffic.com • Alligator Towing • DBi Services • Fort Myers Police Department • Cape Coral Police Departments • Lee County Sheriff • Collier County Sheriff • TMC • Florida Highway Patrol (FHP) • ICA • Medical Examiner • Fire Department • EMS • Dispatchers • Department of Transportation • Toll Facilities • …
  • 8. The big question on Sunday, September 10th, was: IS LEE COUNTY READY?
  • 9. Hurricane Irma • SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 • CATEGORY 4 • MADE LANDFALL IN MARCO ISLAND • 185 MPH WINDS FOR 37 HRS. • MOST POWERFUL ATLANTIC HURRICANE • 20 FEET SURGE • EARTHQUAKE SEISMOMETERS DETECTED
  • 10. Actual view of CCTV in Collier County, as Irma’s eye passed through collier county
  • 11. WHERE to run?
  • 12. Including: • 5 deaths of drowning • 4 deaths carbon monoxide • 1 death of heat exhaustion By Counties: • Palm Beach: 2 • Orange County: 5 • Hillsborough County: 4 Death Toll: 134
  • 13. Damages caused by Hurricane Irma • Economic Impact estimated to be between $100 Billion and $300 Billion • $1.2 billion in crop damage • Tomato, green beans, and cucumber • Shortage of orange juice and sugar • $67 billion in Tourism loss • Theme parks closed
  • 14. Severe Disruption• 60% of FL experienced power loss • 6.5 million Floridians ordered to evacuate • 77,000 people in 450 shelters statewide • Schools closed for over a week • Businesses closed due to supplies shortages • Millions left unemployed for several weeks, resulting in loss of income • Major stores are still closed, including: Target, Home Depot, Jared and many more • Last shelter closed on October 17th, over a month after the storm
  • 15. Hurricane and Traffic = Evacuation • 6 million people evacuated for Hurricane Irma
  • 16. Traffic Incident Management (TIM) Teams • Meet in preparations to large events in the roadways • Education, preparation and implementation of evacuation procedures • Brings together all the different agencies working together to maintain traffic • Promotes team-work and open communication for better responses
  • 17. Contraflow • Original plan • Turns SB lanes to NB traffic • Last exercise was in 2006 @ Alligator Alley • Myths: • Thought to double flow • Increases by 33%
  • 18. Cons of Contraflow • Traffic nightmare • Harder to organize involved parties • Increase chances of more secondary crashes • Both sides are stopped/slowed by rubberneckers • Took 8 hrs after activation to be ready • Resources drained extensively • DMS signs are backwards • Drivers having to look across the interstate to see traveler information
  • 19. ShoulderUse for EmergencyEvacuations(SUEE) • Replaced the contra-flow plan • Safer district takes the lead • Requires interagency coordination between FDOT, TMC, FHP, DBI, RR, etc.… • Issued by the Governor • Enables the southbound traffic if needed • 4 hrs. vs. 1 ½ days (contraflow) to implement • Intended to be a 24 hr. operation
  • 20. ITS Devices Involved Changeable DMS Signs Highway Advisor Radio  Traffic Cones = 900
  • 21. Requirements Needed SUEE • Quick and effective communication between Government and responding agencies: • FDOT, FHP and DBI • Several people are involved • Shoulders need to be “prep-ed” for use • Debris clean up • Sweeping shoulder • Equipment for 1 area: • Cones: 810 • Portable C Messaging Signs: 9 • Flip Down Sign: 43 • Law enforcement officers: 23 • EAV: 9
  • 22. DeAngelo Brothers Inc. • History: • 20 years • Began with 2 brothers and a pick up truck • Has several sectors/specialties • Nationwide • Assists RR on a daily basis for incidents • Asset management: company responsible to the maintenance items that are out in a given area • Assists in ESUEE • Does practice partial and full activations thorough tout the year • Has all the equipment
  • 23. Examples of Sign Damage by Irma
  • 24. Survey 1,2,3 • App for Field Data Collection • Smartphones, Laptops or desktops • Provides easy-to-fill answers, embedded audio and images • Location tagging • Operations Dashboard Being used by FDOT For damage analysis
  • 25. Traffic Management Center (TMC) • Contracted by FDOT • Cameras and traffic devices all along I-75 • Provide motorist information • Travel times • Congestion • Incident response • Dispatching Road Rangers for stranded motorists • Locating events via CCTV
  • 26. Motorists Assistance • DMS signs and Travel Times • Road blockage and Congestion information • Road Rangers assistance • Broken down evacuates • MOT for vehicle crashes • SUEE • MOT for abnormal traffic patterns • Provide support to LEO • Florida 511 Services
  • 27. Challenges in Operation• Must operate for 24 hrs. a day • Employee • 12 hr. shifts prior and post storm • High-pace with evacuees • Device damage • Inability to perform basic duties • Inability to inform drivers of debris and damage to roadway through the Dynamic messaging system (DMS) • Inability to track decline in traffic speeds. • Inability to properly pinpoint disabled motorists on the highway.
  • 28. • Established in 1939 • Motion to establish FHP by then Governor Fred P. Cone • First year of full operation they patrolled 1,938,564 miles of roadway. • By 2013 FHP has patrolled 31,654,272 miles of roadway and investigated 213,024 crashed. Florida Highway Patrol
  • 29. FloridaHighway Patrol Troopers • Patrolling state highways and regulating, controlling and directing the movement of traffic, • Investigating traffic crashes. • Investigating/enforcing laws pertaining to the offense of auto theft.
  • 30. FHP Trooper Emergency Preparations • Supplies gathered and equipment prepared for use for after the storm. • All Troopers switched over to Alpha-Bravo shifts (12 Hour Rotational Shifts) Prior the storm and maintained it after the storm had passed. 50 Extra Troopers brought in from around the state. • Emergency Shoulder Use Plans reviewed and Troopers briefed in case of Activation. • Priority shifted to keeping evacuation routes open by clearing shoulders and clearing lane blocking events as quickly as possible.
  • 31. FHPTrooperEmergency Preparations (cont.) • As Storm approached decisions had to made as to how quickly to conduct a crash scene investigation. • Troops stationed at each EOC to establish clear lines of communication. • After the Storm had passed Troopers assisted with escorting fuel tankers, directing traffic, debris removal and assessing road conditions.
  • 32. FHP Trooper operation complications during and after Hurricane Irma • Gasoline was limited. • Limited gas stations open with limited gas stayed open and serviced Priority vehicles first. • Storm impacted communication. • Accessibility to certain areas of patrol.
  • 33. Florida Highway Patrol Dispatch FHP dispatch are those that takes calls from the public and other agencies at times for any incident on the roadway within their jurisdiction and assist the public in matters that relate to the roadway and dispatch and communicate with troopers to provide them with accurate information.
  • 34. FHP Dispatch challenges prior and after the storm • Properly briefing all employees on Alpha-Bravo scheduling • Gathering all the necessary supplies needed to house Dispatchers within the building for multiple days. • Communication regarding the Emergency Shoulder Use plan. • Communication was a key issue especially for those in certain areas. • Certain areas had high volume of radio traffic that made it difficult for dispatchers handling specific areas. • Multiple calls for the same area/event. • Scheduling adjustments on a supervisory level.
  • 35. Road Rangers Road rangers are a group of men and women patrol around set beats along I- 75 to assist stranded motorist, remove debris, and assist other Emergency vehicles/Law enforcement in traffic accidents as well as other incidents on the road.
  • 36. Road Rangers • Road rangers were started in 1995 in Broward and Palm beach county, Miami-Dade county picked up the program in 1997 and FDOT with its partners have expanded the program through out the state. • A free service provided by FDOT • Have set routes, dispatched by TMC Via camera finds and FHP. • One of the main focuses is to provide MOT • They have limited supplies and are not mechanics or a tow company.
  • 37. Road Ranger Emergency Preparations • Vehicle inspections • Stocked up on proper supplies and extra if needed. • Operate as normal until storm reaches a certain point then all RR pulled back for their safety. • Road Rangers took trucks home to be ready for re- deployment after storm passes.
  • 38. Road ranger emergency operations and post operations • Prior and Post Hurricane Irma and in the event of the activation of Emergency Shoulder Use activation RR operate as normal unless directed. • Only change during this time was for RR to keep shoulders clear and keep evacuating routes clear. • Will only focus on certain major events or unless directed by Supervisor, TMC or FHP. • Had to wait for FDOT to declare roadway safe for travel.
  • 39. Road ranger Challenges before andafter the storm • Finding Fuel. • Increase in disabled and abandoned vehicles. As well as debris along Evacuation routes. • Communication due to storm damage to cell towers. Difficult assessing real time location. • Limited Fuel and unable to operate as normal.
  • 40. Lee County Sheriff’s Department (LCSO) • Incident Management Team is stationed at the EOC • Assist in restoring normalcy to the community • Delivering of emergency food and water Damage assessment • Continue to respond to crime • Must find accommodations to shelter their mandatory staff and equipment • Send out specialty teams to keep looting to a minimum • Hurricane team: • 20 members • Selected members and delegated tasks • Responds after the storm to the backlog calls
  • 41. Curfew Reinforcement • Lack of electricity • Safety of civilians and property • Prevention of looters • Protection of property • Have the right to stop any car, but requires probable cause • Can lead to arrest: • Paper or physical
  • 42. Large Efforts • Have contracts with other providers for different services and resources • Dry cleaning for officer’s uniform • Food for mandatory staff • Law enforcement shelter for family members • Other responders, like the morgue, fire and EMS, all rely on law enforcement and traffic to complete their tasks • Resilience in the community makes the it stronger.
  • 43. Conclusions With a storm of this size on the way to impact Florida many focus on what certain agencies are doing but its always important to remember how the operation of one agency affects the other entities. But not only that but by sharing information everyone can have the most up to date information and decide what is the best course of action.
  • 44. References About FDOT. (2017). Retrieved from Florida Department of Transportation: http://www.fdot.gov/agencyresources/aboutFDOT.shtm Contraflow Plan for the Florida Instrastate Highway System. (2005, June 6). Retrieved from Florida Department of Transportation: http://www.fdot.gov/traffic/traf_incident/pdf/050808_FIHS-Contraflow- MASTER.pdf Fast Facts. (2017, February 2). Retrieved from Florida's Department of Transportation: http://www.fdot.gov/planning/fastfacts.pdf Hurricane Andrew: 20 Facts You May Have Forgotten. (2012, August 24). Retrieved from Miami. Shoulder Use for Emergency Evacuation Standard Operating Procedure. (2017, May 18). Retrieved from Florida Department of Transportation: http://www.fdot.gov/emergencymanagement/districts/d4/EmergencyMgmtSite/OW E/I75_SUEE_SOP.pdf
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