Encounter group

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1. - Unexpectedly experience or be faced with (something difficult or hostile). - The word ‘encounter’ is a term from existentialist philosophy, and simply means a…
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  • 1. - Unexpectedly experience or be faced with (something difficult or hostile). - The word ‘encounter’ is a term from existentialist philosophy, and simply means a real meeting between people, where each treats the other as a full human being. synonyms: experience, come into contact with, run into, come across, come up against, face, be faced with, confront, be forced to contend with "the guides will help if you encounter any problems"
  • 2. • Group of individuals who engage in intensive and psychotherapeutic verbal and nonverbal interaction, with the general intention of increasing awareness of self and sensitivity to others, and improving interpersonal skills.
  • 3. • Encounter groups are formed, usually under the guidance and leadership of a psychologists or therapist, to provide an environment for intensive interaction. • One of the goals of the encounter group is to improve the participants' interpersonal skills. • A typical encounter group may consist of fewer that ten persons, one of whom is a trained specialist, or leader.
  • 4. • The role of the leader is primarily to develop and maintain an atmosphere of psychological safety conducive to the free and honest expression of the ideas of group members. • Encounter group members are encouraged to fully examine and explore their reactions to, and feelings about, statements made, and issues raised, in the group. • Encourages members to express themselves freely and honestly.
  • 5. Why be part of an Encounter Group? • Encounter groups are very good for working through interpersonal issues such as shyness, talkativeness, inability to express anger, difficulties in handling closeness, not knowing what to say to people and many other issues to do with relating to others. • In the challenge of being real with yourself and others, there comes an enormous sense of freedom. Past participants describe the joy of being released from the roles that they are associated with (parent, partner, work colleague, etc) for a moment. Underneath those roles, is the person at the centre of your life. You. • The Encounter Group can teach you, how to be you with others.
  • 6. How does it work? We will all sit in a circle and the group will be unstructured; an open process with no agenda. The Encounter Group can give you a chance to experiment. Because of this it is important that you try to be as immediate and responsive as possible • Bring whatever is there; whatever is affecting you, whatever you are aware of. • Share what you want with the group and the group will work with you.
  • 7. How does it work? • Seek to clarify or expand, to understand more, either about yourself or others. • Avoid story telling and try to concentrate on what is happening in you, at the moment (thoughts, feelings, sensations). • You may want to check out how other people perceive you? • Perhaps you want to experience what it’s like to be more fully YOU, with others?
  • 8. How does it work? • Try to be congruent (authentic, genuine, responding from a place that is aware of ALL of you). • You may want to see how people respond to you? • How do you relate to others, and how does this affect the way people respond to you? • Try to be non-defensive. Try to be open. Defensiveness keeps communication at a level of debate.
  • 9. How does it work? • This is an opportunity to be different, to explore and express feelings which you might not normally express. • Try to own what you say by saying ‘I felt … when you said that’ rather than ‘You make me feel …’ • If you’re not learning or contributing from/to the group, ask yourself why you are there.
  • 10. Basic Encounter By Carl Rogers • Here people sit in a circle, usually on chairs, and interact almost entirely at conscious verbal level. The role of the leader is simply to facilitate what is going on, to participate as full human being, and to encourage people to be more honest and more self- disclosing. • The facilitators aim to provide an environment of empathy, genuineness and non- possessive warmth (acceptance).
  • 11. Open Encounter by Will Schutz • People also sit in a circle, but usually on cushions, because furniture gets in a way of physical actions. There is much more emphasis on the body and on energy. If the leader sees that some physical action would enable the person to go deeper into an experience, he or she will suggests such an action. So there is a great deal of movement in an open encounter.
  • 12. ADVANTAGES • It deals with the problems faced by its members. • It helps in addressing and understanding problems faced by people in life. • Encounter groups are very good for working through interpersonal issues such as shyness, talkativeness, inability to express anger, difficulties in handling closeness, not knowing what to say to people and all kinds of thing, because the leader can encourage very direct confrontation on such matters. DISADVANTAGES • Some individuals did not have the ego strength to benefit from the intensity of this type of experience. • The feelings and changes that manifested the participants of the group members disappeared over a short period of time.
  • 13. Conclusion Encounter groups always require a leader to monitor the group. Truth has to be spoken and once that is discovered people are able to see themselves clearly. Self realization and self awareness is one of the main features of encounter groups.
  • 14. Thank you! 
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