ESHE 2019 Torres-Iglesias et al abstract poster

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ESHE 2019 Torres-Iglesias et al abstract poster
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  SubsistencestrategiesduringCantabrianAurignacian:newdatafromLaViñarockshelter(Asturias,Spain) LeireTorres-Iglesias 1 ,AnaB.Marín-Arroyo 1 ,MarcodelaRasilla 2 1 - Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones Prehistóricas de Cantabria, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain · 2 - Área dePrehistoria, Departamento de Historia, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, SpainTe Aurignacian has been considered generally the techno-complex that reects the spread of Anatomically Modern Humansthrough western Eurasia. Terefore, determining the timing of its appearance is a key topic in the current debates of the demiseof Neandertal populations and their replacement by AMHs. Recently, several chronological data have been published for the ap- pearance of this early Upper Palaeolithic culture in the Iberian Peninsula [1, 2]. Apart from radiocarbon dating, other archaeo-logical approaches such as the study of subsistence strategies allow to analyse both populations’ behaviour during the Middle toUpper Palaeolithic transition. In Cantabrian Spain, recent synthesis about the palaeconomic behaviour during Aurignacian [3, 4]established a continuity of human subsistence during the MP-UP transition based on the exploitation of red deer, with a smallerrepresentation of equids and bovines. Nevertheless, the chronological reassessment of this transitional period in Cantabrian Re-gion [1] might challenge some of the previous subsistence interpretations [4] and reveals the necessity to re-evaluate some of thearchaeozoological studies, as well as to include new sites with stable and well-dated stratigraphic sequences. Here the archaeozoo-logicalandtaphonomicanalysisofthemacromammalremainsfromwesternsector-LevelXIII(EarlyAurignacian)ofLaViñarock shelter (Asturias, Spain) are presented. Te animal remains were anatomically and taxonomically identied and dierent tapho-nomic (biostratinomic and diagenetic) alterations were determined on the bones surface. Te high fragmentation of the samplealong with other bone surface modications (cut marks, marrow extraction breakage, impact notches and traces of burning) indi-cate clearly the anthropogenic srcin of the assemblage. A prey ranking dominated by red deer and chamois, followed by limitedhorse and Spanish ibex is visible. Moreover, the assemblage has been intensely modied by taphonomic processes characteristic of a rock shelter such as a high level of weathering and mineral manganese coatings. Te high relevance of chamois shows that LaViña rock shelter does not follow strictly the general subsistence patterns stablished for this period, although the identied taxa iscoherent with the site location in a valley close to a mountainous area. Tese results correlate with the other subsistence data fromthe Aurignacian and Mousterian levels [5] reecting similar strategies by the hunter-gatherer groups that inhabited the site during the MP-UP transition. Tis study also contributes to increase the palaeconomic information about Cantabrian Aurignacian thatis relatively scarce, in comparison to the large amount of information for the Solutrean and Magdalenian. L. Torres-Iglesias is the beneciary of a predoctoral research fellowship (Concepción Arenal) from the University of Cantabria and the Government of Cantabria. References: [1] Marín-Arroyo, A.B., Ríos-Garaizar, J., Straus, L.G., Jones, J.R., Rasilla, M. de la, González-Morales, M.R., Richards, M., Altuna, J., Mariezkurrena, K., Ocio, D., 2018. Chronologicalreassessment of the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition and Early Upper Paleolithic cultures in Cantabrian Spain. PLoS ONE 13(4), e0194708.[2] Cortés-Sánchez, M., Jiménez-Espejo, F.J.,Simón-Vallejo, M.D., Stringer, C., Lozano Francisco, M.C., García-Alix, A., Vera Peláez, J.L., Odriozola, C.P., Riquelme-Cantal, J.A., Parrilla Giráldez, R., Maestro González, A., Ohkouchi, N.,Morales-Muñiz, A., 2019. An early Aurignacian arrival in southwestern Europe. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 3, 207-212.[3] Straus, L.G., 2013. Iberian Archaeofaunas and Hominin Subsistence duringMarine Isotope Stages 4 and 3. In: Clark, J.L., Speth, J.D. (Eds.), Zooarchaeology and Modern Human Origins: Human Hunting Behaviour during the Later Pleistocene. Springer, New York, pp.97-128.[4] Yravedra, J., 2013. New Contributions on Subsistence Practices during the Middle-Upper Paleolithic in Northern Spain. In: Clark, J.L., Speth, J.D. (Eds.), Zooarchaeology and Modern HumanOrigins: Human Hunting Behaviour during the Later Pleistocene. Springer, New York, pp. 77-95.[5] Rasilla, M. de la, Duarte, E., Cañaveras, J.C., Santos, G., Carrión, Y., Tormo, C., Sánchez Moral, S.,Marín-Arroyo, A.B., Jones, J. R., Agudo, L., Gutiérrez Zugasti, I., Suárez, P., López Tascón, C., Badal, E., González-Pumariega, M., 2018. El Abrigo de La Viña (La Manzaneda, Oviedo) 2013-2016. In:Excavaciones arqueológicas en Asturias 2013-2016. Servicio de publicaciones de la Consejería de Educación y Cultura, Oviedo, pp. 107-120.  The inhabitants at the EarlyAurignacian  level of La Viñaexploited localenvironmentfaunalresources , as all theidentified taxa are coherent with the site topographic location.The NeanderthalsandAMH  who occupied LaViña  duringthe Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition had a similar palaeconomicbehaviour   based on the hunting of mainly reddeer and chamois followed by limited exploitation of horse,bovines and Spanish ibex. Subsistence strategies of Neanderthals and first AnatomicallyModern Humans (AMH) are analysed and compared throughzooarchaeological research.The chronological reassessment of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition in Cantabrian Spain [1] might challengesome of the previous subsistence interpretations [2] and revealsthe necessity to re-evaluate some of the zooarchaeologicalstudies, as well as to include new sites with stable and well-datedstratigraphic sequences such as La Viña rock shelter in northernSpain. BP 55%11%18%13%1% 2%% of taxonomic and anatomically identified remains (N = 167) * ▪  Anatomical and taxonomical identification. ▪  Taphonomic analysis of bone surface modifications (binocular macroscope observation). ▪  Estimation of age and sex. ▪  Quantitative units (NISP, MNE, MNI). 40% fresh bone breakage6% burnt bones 3% bones with cut-marks3% impact notches Cut mark in a red deer humerus (20x). High presence of weathering and mineral manganese coatings [1] Marín-Arroyo, A.B., Ríos-Garaizar, J., Straus, L.G., Jones, J.R., Rasilla, M. de la, González-Morales, M.R., Richards, M., Altuna,J., Mariezkurrena, K., Ocio, D. 2018. Chronological reassessment of the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition and Early Upper Paleolithic cultures in Cantabrian Spain. PLoS ONE 13(4), e0194708.[2] Yravedra, J. 2013. New Contributions on Subsistence Practices during the Middle-Upper Paleolithic in Northern Spain. In: Clark,J.L., Speth, J.D. (Eds.), Zooarchaeology and Modern Human Origins: Human Hunting Behaviour during the Later Pleistocene.Springer, New York, pp. 77-95.L.T.I. is the beneficiary of a predoctoral researchfellowship (Concepción Arenal) from the Universityof Cantabria and the Government of Cantabria.This research has been funded by MINECOprojects: HAR2014-59183-P, HAR2012-33956 andHAR2017-84997-P. 012345 CervuselaphusCapra pyrenaicaRupicaprarupicapraEquus sp. Fetal Infantile Juvenile Adult Senile La Viña 9 th  Annual Meeting European Society for the study of Human Evolution. 19-21 September, 2019 -Liège, Belgium.
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