Geography Coasts

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Crowded coasts Fieldwork Location: Porthcawl    Pedestrian count showing older age group ( but we went in Nov) Lots of tourism shops closed, seasonal showing younger people do come in the warmer months Bi polar analysis of defences- scored positively on effectiveness and upkeep 2/3 but scored negatively in terms if environmental impact -2/-3 Location: Newton Bay    Beach profile- width= 150-180 meters, angle of beach = under 10 degrees but top of beach reached 30 degrees. Rock groyne tr
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  Crowded coasts Fieldwork Location: Porthcawl      Pedestrian count showing older age group ( but we went in Nov)    Lots of tourism shops closed, seasonal showing younger people do come in thewarmer months    Bi polar analysis of defences- scored positively on effectiveness and upkeep 2/3 butscored negatively in terms if environmental impact -2/-3Location: Newton Bay    Beach profile- width= 150-180 meters, angle of beach = under 10 degrees but top of beach reached 30 degrees.    Rock groyne transect : height of beach ½ metre lower on eastern side of rock groyneshowing its effectiveness in stopping LSD    Beach transect : pebbles ranged in size- 5- 10cm at it’s a storm beach, pebble size smaller eastwards due to LSD, also more rounder eastwards, callieux scaleLocation: Kenfig sand dunes    Footpath transects: width of paths varied in depth showing the amount of erosionbetween 2-8cm, deeper in middle and the paths closest to beach deeper as lesschoice of paths.CASE STUDIES Holderness coast, Dorset (coastal environments and rapid erosion)Bournemouth (competition for land use) inward migration of 50+ yr olds, don’t have disposable income - businesses sufferuni has expandedland is available for development Coastalisation in FloridaBangladesh (rising sea levels)Southampton water, (economic development on the coast competition and conflict) growth of Southampton including Fawley  Abbots Hall Farm (sustainable and integrated approached to management )Rebranding placesCASE STUDIES East London In 1981 last of ldn’s docks closed   River became silted up60%of adult men unemployed in 1981LDR built& extending jubilee line, docklands had 21km 2 of derelict land forredevelopment, canary wharf built and huge sky scrapers for HSBC have theirheadquarters there. London 2012 Sale of over 9 million tickets,Main feature- Olympic park improve environmental qualityCreate 9000 houses post-Olympics with 50% affordable Sydeney Olympics Green Olympics i.e. constructed on Brownfield sites, accessible by public transport,adapt existing facilities than build brand new.Plan to build Olympic park at Homebush bay, 14km west from CBD, but homebushbay was heavily polluted- formally a landfill site.$3 billion investment came to Sydney, incl. $2 billion worth of permanent of sportsfacilities.Protests at Bondi beach at loss of acess to beach due to construction of volleyballstadium.CFCs were still used by companies like Coca cola Liverpool ? Cornwall Wages 25% below UK averageDown fall in primary employment (fishing etc) leading to post-productioncountryside.Tourism- seasonal and only 33% of profits from tourism stay in Cornwall due toeconomic leakage  Its location is periphery takes 6/8 hrs to get there from coreDestination tourism, objective 1 funding, expansion of Newquay airport j.o fifteen restaurant, trains thirty 16-24 yr olds employs 15exeter uni and uni college falmouth joined to stop brain drain Eden Project Traffic levels, journeys increased by 30mins for lorry driversPollution- most arrive by cars600 full time jobsMultiplier effect Lobbs farm shop £200 000 from objective one fundingBefore only making £30,000 from 800 acres14 new jobs including 2 admin staff Generated over £600 000 in additional sales in 3 yearsVisitor centre & tours around the farm, manage cattle in a welfare- conscious way
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