Greening Aid?: Understanding the Environmental Impact of Development Assistance

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Greening Aid?: Understanding the Environmental Impact of Development Assistance
  Greening Aid?Greening Aid? Understanding the Environmental Understanding the Environmental Impact of Development Impact of Development  Assistance Assistance Robert L. Hicks, Bradley C. Parks, Timmons Roberts,and Michael J. Tierney  Why Does This Topic Matter?Why Does This Topic Matter? 1. A lack of reliable information means limited accountability 2.Environmental aid is key to securing developing country participation in environmental agreements3. Allocation patterns shape the expected effectiveness of environmental aid  Previous research on environmental Previous research on environmental aid lacks reliable dataaid lacks reliable data…… •“Data are simply not collected and analyzed in a manner that informs policy makers interested in the issue”  –  The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2001 •“[We face] a number of difficulties in calculating the precise amount of environmental expenditure. There is no generally accepted definition of an ‘environmental project’.”  –  European Commission, 2006 •“Available data are highly distorted by the lack of any common definition of what is or is not ‘environmental assistance.’”  –  Connolly et al., 1996, Institutions for Environmental Aid   The ProjectThe Project--Level Aid (PLAID) Level Aid (PLAID) Research InitiativeResearch Initiative •Launched in 2003•Bilateral and multilateral aid data collected at the project level for 1970-2000 period 1. 21 major bilateral donors, 40+ multilateral donors2. Total Project Count: 428,6633. Total Dollars: $2.3 trillion• All projects systematically coded based on their expected environmental impact  Why is projectWhy is project--level coding important?level coding important? PLAID coding:1.Is based on actual project descriptions2.Does not assume homogenous sectors
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