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Mantrapushpanjali is considered as a small Upachar within worshipping God with sixteen Upacharas. After offering Mahanirajan(महानिरांजन) means Aarti, the handful of flowers offered to the God accompanying with chanting some Vedic Mantras. It is an
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  International Journal of Hindu Studies   Mantrapushpanjali - Wish of a sovereign state --Manuscript Draft--  Manuscript Number:Full Title: Mantrapushpanjali - Wish of a sovereign state Article Type: Original Paper  Funding Information:Abstract: Mantrapushpanjali is considered as a small Upachar within worshipping God withsixteen Upacharas. After offering Mahanirajan(महानिरां जन) means Aarti, the handful of flowers offered to the God accompanying with chanting some Vedic Mantras. It is anact which reflects, if there is anything less in worship, you should accept it completelyand forgive us and bless us with your grace.The mantras which supposed to chant during this act is called Mantrapushpanjali.Here in this paper, it is a small attempt to understand the meaning of these SanskritMantras Corresponding Author: Aaryaa Ashutosh Joshi, Ph.DJnana PrabodhiniPune, Maharashtra INDIA Corresponding Author SecondaryInformation:Corresponding Author s Institution: Jnana Prabodhini Corresponding Author s SecondaryInstitution:First Author: Aaryaa Ashutosh Joshi, Ph.D First Author Secondary Information:Order of Authors: Aaryaa Ashutosh Joshi, Ph.D Order of Authors Secondary Information:Author Comments:Suggested Reviewers: Powered by Editorial Manager® and ProduXion Manager® from Aries Systems Corporation  Title of the Paper Mantrapushpanjali - Wish of a sovereign state Dr. Aaryaa Ashutosh Joshi Sanskrit Sanskruti Samshodhika  Jnana prabodhini,Pune Maharashtra, 411030 Contact- 9325211831 Email- aaryaa.joshi@jnanaprabodhini.org   Key Words Mantra Pushpanjali, Hymn,Mantra, Indra, Sovereign State Abstract Mantrapushpanjali is considered as a small Upachar within worshipping God with sixteen Upacharas. After offering Mahanirajan(  महािनरां जन  ) means Aarti, the handful of flowers offered to the God accompanying with chanting some Vedic Mantras. It is an act which reflects, if there is anything less in worship, you should accept it completely and forgive us and bless us with your grace.  The mantras which supposed to chant during this act is called Mantrapushpanjali. Here in this paper, it is a small attempt to understand the meaning of these Sanskrit Mantras. ****************************************************************************  Author Details Page (include authors names and affiliations)  Complete Paper Mantrapushpanjali is considered as a small Upachar within worshipping God with sixteen Upacharas. After offering Mahanirajan(  महािनरां जन  ) means Aarti, the handful of flowers offered to the God accompanying with chanting some Vedic Mantras. It is an act which reflects, if there is anything less in worship, you should accept it completely and forgive us and bless us with your grace.  The mantras which supposed to chant during this act is called Mantrapushpanjali. Here in this paper, it is a small attempt to understand the meaning of these Sanskrit Mantras.  These Mantras are not from a Single hymn but it is a collection of mantras from different texts. In Mantrapushpanjali, We recite the mantras from the Rig Veda (1.95.9), Taittiriya Aranyaka (3.2.3) and the Aitareya Brahmins (3.29 and 2.93).  These mantras are called as of the Deve Mantra, as mentioned by Pandit Sripad Damodar Satwalekar. Deve Mantra means Vedic prayer offered to God. Satwalekar also suggested to read the meaning of these mantras after chanting.  The meaning of mantras in the Deve Collection are as follows:  ये न यं अयजत दे वा  :  तािन धमा िण थमािन आसन्  |  ते ह नाकं मिहमान  :  सचत य पू  व साया  :  सित दे वा  :|| (  ऋवे द १० . ९० . १६ )  The Gods worshiped with the sacrifice. That was considered to be the major religion at that time.  They attained the supremacy of God and reached heaven where the Supreme Goddess lived.   ॐ राजािधराजाय ससािहने नमो वयं वैवणाय कुम हे स् मे कामान् कामकामाय मं कामेरो वैवणो ददातु |  कुबे राय  वैवणाय नम  :  महाराजाय नम :|| ॐ वित   ||  तै ितरीय आरयक १ . ३१ . ६ We salute Kubera, the mighty King, King, the son of theVishravas. Kubera, who is the lord of all desires, fulfill my wishes with many desires. I Salute Kubera, the son of Vishravas.  साायं भौयं वारायं वै रायं पारमे ं रायं माहारायमािधपयमयं समत पया िय यात् सावभौम  :  सावा यु ष आतादापराधात्    |  पृ िथै :  समु  पय ताया  :  एकराट् ||  ऐतरेय ाण ८ . ४ . १५   This sovereign, long-lived king and his empire are rich in consumption, democratic, completely independent, loyal ,wide, with many authorities, and unanimous. Until the end of the world, he will be the sole emperor of the earth-bound king.  इित तदिप एषः ोक  : अिभगीत  :  मत :  परवे ारो मय अवसन् गृ हे  | आिवितय कामे :  िवे दे वा  :  सभासद इित ||  ऐतरेय ाण ८ . ४ . २१ Later this verse is also chanted. All the Gods sitting around and were stayed as guests at home of the Marutta the son of Avikshit.  ये न यं अयजत दे वा  : (Rig Veda. 1 9. 9) This mantra means that all the wise people worship the Lord. They work with dedication to charity. Dedication to self-sacrifice is the only true sacrifice. Those who perform the rituals enjoy constant self-esteem. Subsequently, King Kubera, son of Vishravas, has been praised. Let all prayers and wishes be fulfilled in order to fulfill their desires and aspirations. Aitareya Brahman is a Brahminical treatise of Rigveda. It contains a detailed description of Indra's anointing and its rituals by Prajapati. It used to be- Indra praised his name, valor and virtues for his utmost exaltation and praised him in a loud voice .He was praised: Indra is the rightful emperor to propagate and protect the empire; He is the great ruler of the kingdom. He is the guardian of kings. Indra is the full authority of the Parameshtarya. Indra received the supremacy of all the gods with this praise from God. If the Kshatriya king ever wanted to receive such a position, his priest should make such anointing for him. Earlier, the king had also been told in the Aitareya Brahmin that he should swear and pray for me to get the rank of Indra. Some scholars mentioned the types of governing bodies mentioned in it. They are as follows: १ . Vairajya(  वै राय  ) means The kingdoms which were run by the sages, were in the Indian mountains. २ . Bhaujya( भौय  ) is the state of the subcontinent which is in the southern part of India ३ . The empire, headed by the king, amatya, co-ordinated by proper governance, was to the east of India. ४ . Swaaraajy (  वाराय  ) was in the western part of India, which was governed by a democratic system.   Apart from this, it is also prayed in the Aitareya Brahmana Granth that the Godhead, who has the highest advancement of all, should come and bless the sovereign king and his people. Rigveda contain prayers for emperor and his happy subject. 173 and 174 hymns from the 10 th  chapter of the Rigveda are called Rajstuti Sukta. It is said in these sources that the appointed king, the state and their stability are the path to happiness of the people. Ashwalan Gruyasutra says to recite the mantras from thes two hymns to the king who was ready for war. In the Fifth chapter of Rigveda (5.7), Mitra-varun deities prayed that the king should bless you with a peaceful state of affairs respecting the votes of the people. In essence, the King, the protector of the people, should be like the king of the gods, like Indra. Such a king should live long and enjoy this happiness till the end of the creation till the end of the world, and for that reason the kingdom should progress and it should be spread from the earth upto The Sea. Conclusion- Mantrapushpanjali is not a single hyman but it is a colletion of four different mantras from different Sanskrit texts.Though these mantras are chanted after performing a Pooja or any ritual, it is not directly related or deals with any God or Goddesses. These Mantras expressed a wish of a Sovereign State and devotee is offering his wish of a Sovereign State to God. Mantrapushpanjali is not only accompanied while offering handful of flowers to God, but these Deve Mantas named as Mantrapushpanjali should be recited by Every Indian for welfare of their state as well as Nation. ************************************************************************************************************* Reference Books- English- 1.   Bloomfield Maurice,1906, A Vedic Concordance, Motilal Banarasidas Publication, Pune Marathi-
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