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1. HKBK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING “PHYSICO-CHEMICALANALYSIS OF GROUND WATER QUALITY OF AND APPLICATION OF GIS AND REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUE” SLIDE NO 1 2. CONTENTS …
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  • 1. HKBK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING “PHYSICO-CHEMICALANALYSIS OF GROUND WATER QUALITY OF AND APPLICATION OF GIS AND REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUE” SLIDE NO 1
  • 2. CONTENTS  INTRODUCTION  LITERATURE REVIEW  OBJECTIVES OF THE PROPOSED WORK  SCOPE OF THE PROPOSED WORK  PHYSICO CHEMICAL PARAMETERS  PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE APPARATUS USED FOR PHYSICO CHEMICALANALYSIS  METHODOLOGY OF THE PROPOSED WORK  STUDY AREA MAP  GPS DEVICE  REMOTE SENSING DATA  RESULTS AND DISCUSSION  SPATIAL VARIATION OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS  GROUND WATER QUALITY MAP  CONCLUSIONS  REFERENCES SLIDE NO 2
  • 3. INTRODUCTION Physico-Chemical Analysis: It basically refers to the analysis of physical and chemical parameters of water IMPORTANCE:  It enables us to determine the extent to which water is potable for drinking  It is helpful in determining whether the groundwater is contaminated with sewage or not SLIDE NO 3
  • 4.  Recently, G. Sheeba, Anjaneyulu Jalagam and Padma Venkatasubramanian (November 2017) conducted the study on various parameters of ground water in peri urban Bengaluru. They found that the ground water was poor in quality with refence to its chemical and various other parameters  Therefore, it may be possible that the residents of Bangalore Urban may be utilizing ground water which is unhygienic. Thus, this is one of our motive to carry out this project. LITERATURE REVIEW SLIDE NO 4
  • 5. OBJECTIVES OF THE PROPOSED WORK  To analyze the ground water quality of bangalore urban area by determining various physico-chemical parameters  To learn and apply the technique of GIS AND REMOTE SENSING for groundwater quality assessment  To assess the suitability of groundwater for drinking purposes  To generate the spatial variation maps of various physico- chemical parameters by using ArcGIS  Finally, to generate ground water quality map with the help of the software ArcGIS 10.5 by using WQI SLIDE NO 5
  • 6. SCOPE OF THE PROPOSED WORK  The physico-chemical analysis of ground water quality helps us to determine whether the ground water is contaminated with impurities such as sewage or not.  This analysis helps us to determine whether the polluted water has been infiltrated into the groundwater.  This analysis also helps us to determine the extent to which groundwater is safe for drinking, bathing, washing utensils, etc.  This enables us to determine the suitability of groundwater for drinking purpose which is vital aspect of this project. SLIDE NO 6
  • 7.  Turbidity  pH  Alkalinity  Electrical conductivity  Total solids  Total Dissolved Solids  Dissolved Oxygen  Lead content  Sulphate  Nitrate  Total Hardness  Suspended Solids PHYSICO CHEMICAL PARAMETERS SLIDE NO 7
  • 8. PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE APPARATUS USED FOR PHYSICO CHEMICAL ANALYSIS TURBIDITY METER pH METER SLIDE NO 8
  • 9. PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE APPARATUS USED FOR PHYSICO CHEMICAL ANALYSIS BUNSEN BURNER ALONG WITH EVAPORATING DISH MAGNETIC STIRRER SLIDE NO 9
  • 10. PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE APPARATUS USED FOR PHYSICO CHEMICAL ANALYSIS SPECTROPHOTOMETER DIGITAL CONDUCTIVITY METER SLIDE NO 10
  • 11. METHODOLOGY SLIDE NO 11
  • 12. SLIDE NO 12
  • 13. GPS DEVICE  Remote Sensing data (GPS Data) was collected with the help of the instrument as shown  GPS data of all the Selected Sampling points was collected in terms of latitude north of equator and longitude east of meridian SLIDE NO 13
  • 14. REMOTE SENSING DATA SLIDE NO 14
  • 15. RESULTS SAMPLES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 SLIDE NO 15 Lead (mg/l) Total Solids (mg/l) Electrical Conductivity (mS/cm) Turbidity in NTU Total Dissolved Solids (mg/l) GROUND_WQI 0.0034 2500 3.726 0.00 2500 33.842 0.0019 2000 2.164 0.00 1500 19.075 0.0037 2500 3.326 0.00 2000 36.904 0.0049 2000 2.945 0.00 2000 48.603 0.0081 2500 3.718 0.00 2500 80.218 0.0038 2000 2.475 0.00 1500 37.767 0.0044 2500 3.297 0.00 2000 43.688 0.0039 2500 3.627 0.00 2500 38.833 0.0057 1500 2.731 0.00 1500 56.529 0.0040 2000 2.147 0.00 1500 39.680 0.0039 1500 2.265 0.00 1500 38.712 0.0021 2500 3.729 0.00 2500 20.972 Ph with pH meter Alkalinity (mg/l) Sulphate as SO4 (mg/l) Nitrate as NO3 (mg/l) Total hardness as CaCo3 (mg/l) 7.25 84.00 75.41 20.25 348.00 8.08 272.00 45.89 2.83 268.00 7.52 328.00 83.00 20.70 324.00 7.10 176.00 179.05 19.99 195.00 6.96 244.00 161.62 45.64 724.00 7.34 220.00 67.47 14.03 240.00 7.06 320.00 68.06 16.33 528.00 8.20 190.00 71.14 8.74 656.00 7.68 184.00 109.44 6.31 260.00 6.85 128.00 24.30 17.40 172.00 6.66 186.00 115.61 32.04 182.00 6.92 96.00 35.21 21.59 272.00 SAMPLES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  • 16. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 pH Ph with pH meter pH with pH paper 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Ph with pH meter 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 pH with pH paper Acceptable limit as per IS10500:2012 is 6.5-8.5 SLIDE NO 16
  • 17. Acceptable limit as per IS10500:2012 is 200 ppm Permissible limit as per IS10500:2012 is 600 ppm 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Alkalinity (mg/l) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Alkalinity (mg/l) SLIDE NO 17
  • 18. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 SULPHATE as SO4 (mg/l) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Sulphate as SO4 (mg/l) Acceptable limit as per IS10500:2012 is 200 ppm Permissible limit as per IS10500:2012 is 400 ppm SLIDE NO 18
  • 19. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Nitrate as NO3 (mg/l) Acceptable limit as per IS10500:2012 is 45 ppm 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Nitrate as NO3 (mg/l) SLIDE NO 19
  • 20. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Total hardness as CaCo3 (mg/l) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Total hardness as CaCo3 (mg/l) Acceptable limit as per IS10500:2012 is 200 ppm Permissible limit as per IS10500:2012 is 600 ppm SLIDE NO 20
  • 21. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Dissolved Oxygen (mg/l) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Dissolved Oxygen (mg/l) SLIDE NO 21
  • 22. 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Electrical Conductivity (mS/cm) 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Electrical Conductivity (mS/cm) SLIDE NO 22
  • 23. Acceptable limit as per IS10500:2012 is 0.01 ppm 0.000 0.001 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.009 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Lead (mg/l) 0.000 0.001 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.009 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Lead (mg/l) SLIDE NO 23
  • 24. 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Total Solids (mg/l) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Total Solids (mg/l) SLIDE NO 24
  • 25. 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Total Dissolved Solids (mg/l) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Total Dissolved Solids (mg/l) Acceptable limit as per IS10500:2012 is 500 ppm Permissible limit as per IS10500:2012 is 2000 ppm SLIDE NO 25
  • 26. Ground Water Quality depends on Water Quality Index (WQI) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Water Quality Index (WQI) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Water Quality Index (WQI) SLIDE NO 26
  • 27. This Sample was taken from HBR LAYOUT and it lies in latitude North 13˚02'7.64“ of equator and longitude East 077˚37'51.66“ of meridian Since WQI is 33.842 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is GOOD SLIDE NO 27
  • 28. This Sample was taken from SAGAYAPURAM and it lies in latitude North 13˚00'19.82“ of equator and longitude East 077˚36'59.26“ of meridian Since WQI is 19.075 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is EXCELLENT SLIDE NO 28
  • 29. This Sample was taken from MUNESHWARA NAGAR and it lies in latitude North 13˚02'14.69“ of equator and longitude East 077˚36'11.90“ of meridian Since WQI is 36.904 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is GOOD SLIDE NO 29
  • 30. This Sample was taken from VISHWANATH NAGENAHALLI and it lies in latitude North 13˚02'14.69“ of equator and longitude East 077˚36'10.89“ of meridian Since WQI is 48.603 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is GOOD SLIDE NO 30
  • 31. This Sample was taken from KACHARAKANAHALLI and it lies in latitude North 13˚01'5.67“ of equator and longitude East 077˚38'3.54“ of meridian Since WQI is 80.218 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is VERY POOR SLIDE NO 31
  • 32. This Sample was taken from JAKKURU-2 and it lies in latitude North 13˚04'46.84“ of equator and longitude East 077˚36'52.21“ of meridian Since WQI is 37.767 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is GOOD SLIDE NO 32
  • 33. This Sample was taken from NAGAWARA and it lies in latitude North 13˚01'58.56“ of equator and longitude East 077˚37'4.30“ of meridian Since WQI is 43.688 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is GOOD SLIDE NO 33
  • 34. This Sample was taken from HORAMAVU and it lies in latitude North 13˚02'33.47“ of equator and longitude East 077˚39'18.26“ of meridian Since WQI is 38.833 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is GOOD SLIDE NO 34
  • 35. This Sample was taken from THANISANDRA and it lies in latitude North 13˚03'8.91“ of equator and longitude East 077˚37'24.30“ of meridian Since WQI is 56.529 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is POOR SLIDE NO 35
  • 36. This Sample was taken from KEMPEGOWDA WARD and it lies in latitude North 13˚07'37.95“ of equator and longitude East 077˚35'49.60“ of meridian Since WQI is 39.680 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is GOOD SLIDE NO 36
  • 37. This Sample was taken from BYATARAYANAPURA and it lies in latitude North 13˚04'1.35“ of equator and longitude East 077˚35'27.83“ of meridian Since WQI is 38.712 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is GOOD SLIDE NO 37
  • 38. This Sample was taken from JAKKURU and it lies in latitude North 13˚06’05” of equator and longitude East 077˚38'28" of meridian Since WQI is 20.972 the ground water quality of this sampling point as per water quality index model is EXCELLENT SLIDE NO 38
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  • 49. CONCLUSION SLIDE NO 49
  • 50. REFERENCES  Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C., Taiwan. Environmental Water Quality Information.  This analysis helps us to determine whether the water is suitable for irrigation purposes  K. L. Prakash and R. K. Somashekar. Groundwater quality - Assessment on Anekal Taluk, Bangalore Urban district, India. Journal of Environmental Biology October 2006, 27(4) 633-637 (2006).  T., Subramani, S. Krishnan, and P.K., Kumaresan. Study of Groundwater Quality with GIS Application for Coonoor Taluk in Nilgiri District. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research. 2012. 2 (3) 586-592.  Amanial Haile Reda. Physico-Chemical Analysis of Drinking Water Quality of Arbaminch Town. Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology SLIDE NO 50
  • 51. SLIDE NO 51
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