Plant Physiology, 3rd ed

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Hardcover: 690 pages Publisher: Sinauer Associates; 3 edition (Aug 30 2002) Language: English ISBN: 0878938230 Book Description With this Third Edition, the authors and contributors set a new standard for textbooks in the field by tailoring the study
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  Plant Physiology, 3rd ed by Lincoln Taiz and Eduardo Zeiger Hardcover: 690 pagesPublisher: Sinauer Associates; 3 edition (Aug 30 2002)Language: EnglishISBN: 0878938230 Book Description With this Third Edition, the authors and contributors set a new standard for textbooks in the field by tailoring the study of plant physiology to virtually every student—providing the basics for introductory courses without sacrificing the more challenging material sought by upper-division and graduate-level students. Key pedagogical changes to the text will result in a shorter book. Material typically considered prerequisite for plant physiology courses, as well as advanced material from the Second Edition, will be removed and posted at an affiliated Web site, while many new or revised figures and photographs (now in full color), study questions, and a glossary of key terms will be added. Despite the streamlining of the text, the new edition incorporates all the important new developments in plant physiology, especially in cell, molecular, and developmental biology. The Third Edition's interactive Web component is keyed to textbook chapters and referenced from the book. It includes WebTopics (elaborating on selected topics discussed in the text), WebEssays (discussions of cutting-edge research topics, written bythose who did the work), additional study questions (by chapter), additional references, and suggestions for further reading. Book Info Plant Physiology textbook covers the transport and translocation ofwater and solutes, biochemistry and metabolism, and growth and development. Twenty-three scientists contributed to the text.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Annals of Botany 91: 750-751, 2003 © 2003 Annals of Botany Company    http://3e.plantphys.net/   Plant Cells  1 Chapter THE TERM CELL IS DERIVED from the Latin cella , meaning storeroomor chamber. It was first used in biology in 1665 by the English botanistRobert Hooke to describe the individual units of the honeycomb-likestructure he observed in cork under a compound microscope. The“cells” Hooke observed were actually the empty lumens of dead cellssurrounded by cell walls, but the term is an apt one because cells are the basic building blocks that define plant structure.This book will emphasize the physiological and biochemical func-tions of plants, but it is important to recognize that these functionsdepend on structures, whether the process is gas exchange in the leaf,water conduction in the xylem, photosynthesis in the chloroplast, or iontransport across the plasma membrane. At every level, structure andfunction represent different frames of reference of a biological unity.This chapter provides an overview of the basic anatomy of plants,from the organ level down to the ultrastructure of cellular organelles. Insubsequent chapters we will treat these structures in greater detail fromthe perspective of their physiological functions in the plant life cycle. PLANT LIFE:UNIFYING PRINCIPLES The spectacular diversity of plant size and form is familiar to everyone.Plants range in size from less than 1 cm tall to greater than 100 m. Plantmorphology, or shape, is also surprisingly diverse. At first glance, thetiny plant duckweed ( Lemna ) seems to have little in common with agiant saguaro cactus or a redwood tree. Yet regardless of their specificadaptations, all plants carry out fundamentally similar processes and are based on the same architectural plan. We can summarize the majordesign elements of plants as follows:•As Earth’s primary producers, green plants are the ultimate solarcollectors. They harvest the energy of sunlight by converting lightenergy to chemical energy, which they store in bonds formed whenthey synthesize carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water.
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