Spanish Association of Collective Investment Schemes and Pension Funds

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Spanish Association of Collective Investment Schemes and Pension Funds. MULTIFUNDS AND THE IMPORTANCE OF BALANCED DEVELOPMENT OF A MULTI-PILLAR PENSION SYSTEM. Ángel Martínez-Aldama Managing Director. Sofia , 18 September 2009. Pension Fund asset allocation 2008.
Spanish Association of Collective Investment Schemes and Pension FundsMULTIFUNDS AND THE IMPORTANCE OF BALANCED DEVELOPMENT OF A MULTI-PILLAR PENSION SYSTEMÁngel Martínez-AldamaManaging DirectorSofia, 18 September 2009Pension Fund asset allocation 2008.Factors affecting Pension Fund asset allocation between DB and DC Funds. Multifunds. Importance of 2nd Pillar contributions. Forthcoming research on DC Schemes. 2/12Pension Fund asset allocation 2008 (I). (Source:OECD)3/12Pension Fund asset allocation 2008 (II).CONCLUSIONS:
  • Between 2007 and 2008, on average, investment in equities in OECD area decreased by 8.8 percentage points (pp), falling from 49.9% in 2007 to 41.1% in 2008.
  • In most OECD countries, bonds and equities remain the two most important asset classes, accounting for over 70% of total portfolio in 2008.
  • Within the “bonds” category, public sector bonds,comprise a significant share of the combined bond holdings in many countries.
  • 4/12Factors affecting Pension Fund asset allocation between DB and DC Funds. OECD states that:
  • DB and DC funds tend to allocate assets differently, and the factors behind these differences also vary across countries.
  • For example, in countries where DB plans are very mature there are more investment in bonds, while DC funds catering mainly for younger workers are likely to lean towards more risky assets (such as equity).
  • However, the transfer of risk from plan sponsors to employees that results from DB-DC shift may also lead to widespread aversion to higher-risk portfolios on the part of individuals, thus lowering the aggregate share of assets allocated to equity.
  • 5/12Multifunds (I). Abovementioned affirmations show MULTIFUNDS’ importance.ASSET ALLOCATIONMULTIFUNDStakes into accountPARTICIPANT’S AGE6/12Multifunds (II). Experiences in mandatory schemesExperiences on MULTIFUNDS 1 Mexican regulation considers changes introduced in March 20087/12Multifunds (III). Experiences in mandatory schemes2 The AFPs are entitled to charge commissions for more than two transfers, but in practice none of them do so.8/12Multifunds (IV). Experience in SpainSpanish Pension Funds System Pension Plans, that establish defined contribution for retirement contingency and belong to Employment System’s Pension Plans, can have two sub-Plans according to participants age.9/12Importance of 2nd Pillar contributions (I). EFRP (European Federation for Retirement provision) considers that:
  • Contribution cut to the second pillar risks provokes a breach of confidence in the pension reform that is so desperately needed throughout Europe.
  • Independent academic research indicates that small differences in contributions make a huge difference to the accumulated pension capital at the pay-out date. A 1 % additional contribution during 40-years of pension savings leads to a 30 % higher pension.
  • Providers have hugely invested in the necessary infrastructure and expertise to run the 2nd pillar pension system. Deviating from this model could undermine their commitment to that providers.
  • Some European Countries are under discussions about reduction of 2nd pillar contributions10/12Importance of 2nd Pillar contributions (II). These conclusions show 2nd Pillar contributions’ importance.BALANCED DEVELOPMENT OF A MULTI-PILLAR PENSION SYSTEMA prerequisite to deliver adequate retirement income to the population at large11/12Forthcoming research on DC Schemes. DC pension provision has grown at a rapid pace in the past decade. This paper will be focused on DC plans provided through the workplace and mandatory DC pillar.EFRPis preparing a policy paper, which aims to provide anoverview of the size and design of DC schemes throughout Europe.12/12
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