T eaching the Biological Bases of Behavior

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T eaching the Biological Bases of Behavior. Clark University Workshop for High School Teachers 2012. BIOPSYCHOLOGY DOMAIN The Biological Bases of Behavior. How do systems of our body interact and affect human behavior? How do chemicals in our brain and body affect our behavior?
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Teaching the Biological Bases of BehaviorClark University Workshop for High School Teachers 2012BIOPSYCHOLOGY DOMAINThe Biological Bases of BehaviorHow do systems of our body interact and affect human behavior?How do chemicals in our brain and body affect our behavior?Can a damaged brain repair itself?How are our thoughts, emotions, and behaviors a product of how our brain functions?Domains and Standards AreasScientific Inquiry DomainPerspectives in Psychological ScienceResearch Methods, Measurement, and StatisticsBiopsychology DomainBiological Bases of BehaviorSensation and PerceptionConsciousnessDevelopment and Learning DomainLife Span DevelopmentLearningLanguage DevelopmentSociocultural Context DomainSocial InteractionsSociocultural DiversityDomains and Standards AreasCognition DomainMemoryThinkingIntelligenceIndividual Variations DomainMotivationEmotionPersonalityPsychological DisordersApplications of Psychological Science DomainTreatment of Psychological DisordersHealthVocational ApplicationsBiopsychological DomainStandards Area: Biological Bases of BehaviorContent StandardsAfter concluding this unit, students understand:1. Structure and function of the nervous system in human and non-human animals2. Structure and function of the endocrine system3. The interaction between biological factors and experience4. Methods and issues related to biological advancesContent Standards With Performance StandardsContent Standard 1: Structure and function of the nervous system in human and non-human animalsStudents are able to (performance standards):1.1 Identify the major divisions and subdivisions of the human nervous system.1.2 Identify the parts of the neuron and describe the basic process of neural transmission.1.3 Differentiate between the structures and functions of the various parts of the central nervous system.1.4 Describe lateralization of brain functions.1.5 Discuss the mechanisms of, and the importance of, plasticity of the nervous system.Content Standard 2: Structure and function of the endocrine systemStudents are able to (performance standards):2.1 Describe how the endocrine glands are linked to the nervous system.2.2 Describe the effects of hormones on behavior and mental processes.2.3 Describe hormone effects on the immune system.Content Standard 3: The interaction between biological factors and experienceStudents are able to (performance standards):3.1 Describe concepts in genetic transmission.3.2 Describe the interactive effects of heredity and environment.3.3 Explain how evolved tendencies influence behavior.Content Standard 4: Methods and issues related to biological advancesStudents are able to (performance standards):4.1 Identify tools used to study the nervous system.4.2 Describe advances made in neuroscience.4.3 Discuss issues related to scientific advances in neuroscience and genetics.TOPSS Unit Plan : The Biological Bases of BehaviorLesson 1Techniques to learn about the brain and neural functionShow a videotape clip that relates change of behavior, i.e. loss of function, to damage to specific area of the brain selected from: The Story of Phineas Gage (The Brain Series Teaching Module 2), Life Without Memory: The Case of Clive Wearing (The Mind Series Teaching Module 24) or excerpt from The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat.Use slides, transparencies, pictures and microscope slides to illustrate techniques used to learn about brain and neural function (Content Outline Lesson 1).Show a videotape clip illustrating techniques selected from: Overview of Brain Organization (The Brain Module 1), Recording Integrated Brain Activity (The Mind Module 5), excerpt from The Behaving Brain (from Discovering Psychology) or magazine/journal article — such as from the September 1992 Scientific American.Select from Questions for Discussion/Critical ThinkingLesson 2The neuron — unit of structure and function of the nervous systemShow the first few minutes of "The Behaving Brain" from the Discovering Psychology series dealing with the structure and function of the neuron.Use transparencies or pictures of the neuron, synapse, a graph of the electrical changes in axonal polarization during impulse propagation and the reflex arc to illustrate the relationship of structure and function.Have students do Module A: Neural Messages of the PsychSimcomputer lab series or do Activity 2.1 Neurons and Impulse Conductionor do Activity 2.2 Conduction Of A Neuronal Impulseor do Activity 2.3 Using Dominoes To Help Explain The Action Potential.Do Activity 2.4 Demonstrating Simple Behavior: Patellar, Pupillary and Plantar Reflexes.Select from Questions for Discussion/Critical Thinkinghttp://www.apa.org/ed/precollege/topss/lessons/index.aspxhttp://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih2/addiction/default.htmhttp://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih2/addiction/default.htmhttp://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih2/addiction/guide/guide_toc.htmhttp://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih2/addiction/guide/guide_toc.htmhttp://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih2/addiction/activities/activities_toc.htmhttp://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih2/addiction/activities/activities_toc.htmBrain Awareness Week: The global campaign to increase public awareness about the progress and benefits of brain research runs all year via Facebook or Twitter (#brainweek). In 2013, the week will be March 11–17http://www.dana.org/brainweek/BAW Resources Downloadable materials from the Dana AllianceA collection of downloadable (PDF) puzzles and coloring sheets for partner use.Other Web Sites with Puzzles to DownloadNeuroscience for Kids: Online and printable games, puzzles, coloring sheets, and more.National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences “Kids’ Pages” (US): Online and printable games, coloring books, and puzzles, as well as a series of online optical illusions and brain teasers.Visit BAW LogosVisit Other BAW Graphic Materialshttp://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/neurok.htmlHow will your students show you what they have learned?Sample Performance Indicators
  • CS 1, PS 1.2 Identify the parts of the neuron and describe the basic process of neural transmission.
  • Students may indicate this by :
  • Explaining how neurotransmisson takes place in the synapse of a neuron by completing the graphic organizer, identifying the parts and the role each part plays in this process.
  • CS 1, Performance Standards:
  • 1.3 Differentiate between the structures and functions
  • of the various parts of the central nervous system.
  • Students may indicate this by :
  • Writing a story about a new superhero identifying the parts of his/her CNS that have been affected and resulting in “super abilities” .
  • Developing a puzzle, book, activity that can be used to teach elementary students about how their CNS functions.
  • 1.4 Describe lateralization of brain functions.
  • Students may indicate this by :
  • 1.5 Discuss the mechanisms of, and the importance of, plasticity of the nervous system
  • Students may indicate this by :
  • We would love to have your ideas for performance indicators in this domain. Please remember to submit your ideas for the domains you were assigned as well as others if you can!!! Maybe tonight over a cup of java we can share some ideas!!!!
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