The Report of the Arts and Culture Strategic Review

of 110
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information Report

News & Politics


Views: 31 | Pages: 110

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

1. THE REPORT OF THE ARTS AND CULTURE STRATEGIC REVIEW 31 Jan 2012 1 / 110 2. Table of Contents PageOur journey so far 4Re-affirming the value of arts and culture…
  • 2. Table of Contents PageOur journey so far 4Re-affirming the value of arts and culture 8Overcoming the challenge of arts and culture for all 12The Arts and Culture Strategic Review (ACSR) 12Our vision for 2025 15ACSR’s recommendations at a glance 21Strategic direction 1: Bring arts and culture to everyone, everywhere, 26every day1) Reach new audiences 262) Sustain and deepen lifelong engagement 413) Galvanise a national movement 52Strategic direction 2: Build capabilities to achieve excellence 604) Develop cultural institutions, companies and offerings 605) Invest in talent, support professional aspirations 746) Work with partners to achieve new heights 84Conclusion – The painting of a dream 96ANNEX A – ACSR Steering Committee and Working Committees 97ANNEX B – ACSR Secretariat 104ANNEX C – ACSR public consultation process 107 2 / 110
  • 3. Table of City Profiles PageBox 1. Leading arts and culture capitals in history 6Box 2. Reinventing cultural capitals: City of London Cultural Strategy 2010 24– 2014Box 3. Arts, culture and lifestyle precincts – Millennium Park, Chicago, and 38downtown Los AngelesBox 4. Supporting lifelong engagement for Seoul citizens 50Box 5. Sydney 2030 – Leveraging on existing strengths 57Box 6. Shanghai‟s performing arts scene 66Box 7. New York‟s philanthropists and arts and culture champions 89Box 8. Art Dubai – A marketplace for arts and culture 92 3 / 110
  • 4. Our journey so far1 Singapore has come a long way since our days as a fishing village and sleepyoutpost. We are a thriving and dynamic metropolis, a business and lifestyledestination, and a comfortable and endearing home. Our people are hardworkingand innovative, making their mark and their fortunes in Singapore and abroad. Ourcity is well-planned, clean and green, safe and secure.2 Alongside economic and urban development, we have also made big stridesin our cultural development and liveability. More than 20 years ago, a nationalcommittee led by former President and then-Deputy Prime Minister, Mr Ong TengCheong, mapped out a blueprint for Singapore‟s arts and culture landscape. Thereport of the Advisory Council on Culture and the Arts (ACCA) was widelyconsidered a watershed, providing a much needed boost for a nascent culturalscene and emerging cultural identity1. Subsequently, the Renaissance City Plan(RCPs), in all their three phases, built on the recommendations of the ACCA, with afocus on enhancing vibrancy, building capabilities, and strengthening communityoutreach2.3 20 years on, the impact of the ACCA and the RCPs continues to be felt. Since1988, our cultural vibrancy has increased exponentially, with activities rising almosttwenty-fold. Local audiences now have a year-round selection of festivals, fairs,events and activities to choose from3. Demand for arts and culture has kept pacewith vibrancy, with ticketed attendances and museum visitorship rising three-fold andeight-fold respectively4.4 Institutions such as the national libraries, the Esplanade: Theatres on the Bayand the national museums are now household names and cherished national icons,1 The ACCA was set up in 1988 to examine the state of arts and culture development in Singaporeand to realise the vision of a culturally vibrant society. It made a number of key recommendations –improvements to organisational structures, to the education system, to infrastructure and facilities, aswell as greater promotional efforts for arts and culture. More importantly, it has helped us betterappreciate the importance of arts and culture – to broaden our minds and deepen our sensitivities, toimprove our overall quality of life, to contribute to a more culturally vibrant and gracious society, andto strengthen our social bonds.2 A series of three RCPs was launched from 2000. The RCPs emphasised the importance of arts andculture to Singapore‟s economy, competitiveness and liveability, and Singaporeans‟ innovation andcreativity. This led to greater emphasis on the creation of original content, enhancement of industrydevelopment programmes, as well as greater focus on community outreach initiatives.3 From 1988 to 2010, the number of arts activities increased almost 20-fold from 1,700 to 33,884.4 From 1988 to 2010, ticketed attendances more than tripled from 0.41 million to 1.38 million. In thesame period, visitorship to national museums increased over 8.5-fold from 0.32 million to 2.81 million. 4 / 110
  • 5. a unique blend of traditional and contemporary, East and West that have becomewell-known beyond our shores. Private sector and community-led arts events andinstitutions thrive alongside national institutions and events. Coverage of Singapore‟scultural scene in the media, both local and international, has never been morewidespread. Singapore is frequently labelled a rising arts and culture hub in Asia.5 We stand at the brink of another transformation in our cultural landscape, aswe build on the foundations of the ACCA and RCPs. After decades of hard work toachieve our prosperity and security, we now have the cultural foundation andeconomic means to springboard to our artistic and cultural success. The time hascome to focus on our identity, and strengthen the national unity that has brought usso far. Arts and culture will secure our identity amidst the multiplicity of globalinfluences today, even as we remain open to the world.6 It is against this context of forging change that the Arts and Culture StrategicReview (ACSR) was initiated in 2010. Following a review of existing arts and culturepolicies and programmes led by the private sector, the community and the arts andculture sector, a comprehensive series of public consultations was undertaken toseek views on the ACSR‟s preliminary recommendations, and suggestions onSingapore‟s future cultural development. This report is a culmination of this strategicreview and thorough public consultation process, and an emblem of the partnershipbetween the private sector, the community, the arts and culture sector and theGovernment that will be necessary to lift Singapore to the next peak of culturaldevelopment. 5 / 110
  • 6. Box 1. Leading arts and culture capitals in historyThroughout the history of the Western and Eastern world, several cities havestood out as the arts and culture capital of their time. Chang‟an in Tang DynastyChina, Baghdad in the 9th century, Renaissance Florence, British colonialMumbai, Paris in the 19th century and post-World War II New York have allreigned as the arts and culture capitals of their heyday.Singapore has many of the traits behind the success of these cities as arts andculture capitals, which were tied to their status as business and trading hubs: Centres of trade – As imperial or economic capitals of their respective regions, these cities were centres of trade in goods and services in their regions. A few of them were also global centres of trade: Chang‟an was the destination for the thousands of merchants plying the Silk Route; Baghdad was the centre of the Islamic world in its time; Florence was a trading centre with extensive trading relations from England to the Black Sea and the eastern Mediterranean; Mumbai was a major trading city in the British empire; and New York was the centre of trade in services and ideas after World War II. With trade came new knowledge and practices that sparked innovation and creativity. With trade also came an openness to other cultures and an ability to appreciate diverse aesthetic forms. Confluences of talent and ideas – With affluence and trade came economic opportunity, which in turn attracted masses of immigrants from all over the world. Chang‟an was the largest and most culturally diverse city of its time, receiving immigrants from all over Central Asia, which included craftsmen, performers, artisans and poets. Mumbai attracted massive influxes of immigrants, especially across India. Paris, as the new bohemia at the time, drew artists from all over Europe to its cafes and bars. New York, during and after World War II, benefited from a huge inflow of immigrants from war-torn Europe, amongst which were artists and scientists fleeing the Nazis. A relatively liberal environment in these cities allowed for the free exchange of ideas, resulting in artistic movements like the flowering of poetry in Chang‟an and Baghdad, Impressionism in Paris, and Pop Art in New York. Concentration of wealth and patronage – With strong economic growth came vast wealth, resulting in the development of an affluent merchant / middle class with surplus income to spend on leisure and 6 / 110
  • 7. entertainment. Many bourgeois families became important patrons of arts and culture, such as the Medicis in Florence, and the Rothschilds in Paris and New York. In well-off Mumbai, a general appreciation for the arts permeated the population. The State was also often a strong champion of arts and culture: in Baghdad and Chang‟an, imperial patronage was a significant driver of artistic excellence; in New York, public expenditure on beautifying the city supported many painters, sculptors and artisans; in Paris, art schools like the Ecole des Beaux- Arts were formed to spur artistic creation. All of these gave rise to strong demand for arts and culture, facilitating the development of a healthy arts and culture marketplace and ecosystem of patrons and consumers, artists and arts institutions, dealers and agents, theatres and museums that established these cities unequivocally as arts and culture centres of their time.Singapore today strongly resembles these arts and culture capitals of yore. Wehave a strong historical legacy of trade and openness to new knowledge,practices and ideas. We are a city of immigrants, with a diverse and multi-culturalpopulation. We have one of the largest and fastest-growing concentrations ofwealth in the world. The pre-requisites are set for us to become a city of arts andculture patrons and consumers.But these are necessary but insufficient conditions. To join the league of arts andculture capitals, we need to put in place the appropriate policies, incentives andeducational opportunities that would facilitate a proliferation of artistic talent andfree exchange of ideas, and catalyse a flowering of patrons and audiences thatwould sustain artistic and cultural creation. The ACSR seeks to recommend acomprehensive series of strategies to realise this vision. 7 / 110
  • 8. Re-affirming the value of arts and culture "The animals other than man live by appearances and memories, and have but little of connected experience; but the human race lives also by art and reasonings.” AristotleArts and culture defined?7 Arts and culture have a unique place in human society as they are one of thedistinguishing features that differentiate us from animals, yet they have nouniversally accepted definition. In March 1978, the then-newly appointed ActingMinister for Culture, Mr Ong Teng Cheong, grappled with the question of whatculture was. Mr Ong said, “The library gave me some 300 different interpretations asto what culture is [...] there is perhaps no other term with more interpretations thanthe word „culture‟.”8 Arts can be seen as a subset of culture, but in a world that has become muchmore complex than in 1978, culture has not become simpler to define. Perhaps artsand culture is like love – easy to recognise, but hard to circumscribe.9 It may be more fruitful to describe what arts and culture do, than to definethem definitively. Arts and culture enrich our souls and add meaning to our lives.They exercise our creativity, stretch our imagination, and strike a chord with ourfeelings. They connect us to the past, help us to dream our future, and define whowe are. They develop us as a whole person – as full human beings.10 In coming to terms with what arts and culture is, it may also be useful toconsider the art forms that we would accept as arts and culture. Many art formscome readily to mind – plays, symphonies, ballets, paintings, sculptures, literature.The traditional art forms also come to fore – Chinese calligraphy, Teochew opera,bangsawan, Malay dance, Tamil literature, Indian dance. Yet there are manyactivities that do not conform to common perceptions of arts and culture, such asgetais, community singing, drumming, hip-hop, film, photography, but do what theseconventional art forms do – enrich our souls, exercise our creativity, develop ourwhole person. We should take an inclusive approach and embrace these activities,too, as arts and culture.Strategic importance of arts and culture11 Over and above their value to our whole-person development, arts and culturehave acquired strategic value for Singapore. As a small and open country, Singapore 8 / 110
  • 9. has to continuously face strong winds and changing tides. Intensifying competition,rising aspirations and transforming demographics are just some of the forces that wehave to contend with. How well Singapore can cope with the changing weather willdepend on how united we are as a nation, and how deeply we understand what itmeans to be Singaporean. Arts and culture will help us weather these storms,through enriching Singaporeans‟ lives, strengthening our communities, and boostingSingapore‟s competitiveness.Enriching Singaporeans’ lives12 Singapore has risen from Third World to First, and we now have theresources and the latitude to pursue higher-order needs. With increased mobility andthe ease of online access to information and knowledge, Singaporeans today havefar greater exposure to and interest in different cultures, perspectives andopportunities for learning than before. As our people become more informed andinquisitive, they will need diverse and appropriate outlets for leisure, expression andself-improvement. Arts and culture can fulfil this need.13 The National Arts Council‟s Population Survey on the Arts in 2009 showedthat about half of all Singaporeans viewed arts and culture as having enriched theirquality of life, broadened their mind and encouraged their creativity. Among thosewho are actively engaged in arts and culture, this figure grows to 9 in 10Singaporeans. Most value arts and culture as a form of relaxation and a way to boostemotional and spiritual well-being5; as a medium for self-expression and forcommunicating with others, and as a means to facilitate socialising. The challengeahead is to further enrich the experience of arts and culture and entrench it in thepopular consciousness so that participating in arts and culture becomes an integralpart of what it means to be Singaporean.Strengthening Singaporean ties14 As a young nation, Singapore has focused most of its efforts in the past onbuilding up its fundamentals: strong economic growth, good governance, excellentinfrastructure, world-class education. However, a nation cannot inspire and endearits people through infrastructural sophistication and material wealth alone. Whatbinds a nation to its people are the softer things in life: family, friends, places,communities, memories. In the years ahead, social challenges such as keeping ouraging population active and our mobile population rooted, as well as integrating new5 In fact, a 2011 Norwegian study, “Patterns of receptive and creative cultural activities and theirassociation with perceived health, anxiety, depression and satisfaction with life among adults” showedpositive links between participation in arts and culture and improved happiness, lower anxiety anddepression, as well as higher life satisfaction. 9 / 110
  • 10. residents and citizens with diverse cultures and traditions, will increasingly takecentrestage. Arts and culture can play a key role in the following areas: a. Defining Singaporean-ness in a globalised world. A nation is not just a geographical entity; it is also a culture, a way of life, a feeling of belonging in one‟s heart and soul. We want “Singapore” to not just be a country, but an emotion, a sense of identity, a state of mind. We want to be a comfortable, comforting and distinctive place in the world that our people can always come home to, identify with and root for, notwithstanding our imperfections. Arts and culture is an important means of forging collective memories and shared experiences that binds families, friends, communities and peoples6. Arts and culture institutions, talents and precincts can be powerful symbols of home that Singaporeans can recall fondly when away from home. b. Promoting social cohesion across population segments. Arts and culture is an inclusive and interactive means for reaching out to and bringing together different segments of the population: i. Seniors. With one of the fastest aging populations in Asia, it is critical for Singapore to provide a wide range of opportunities to keep our seniors actively engaged. This is particularly the case, since the current generation of seniors – the “baby boomer” generation – is better educated and expected to live longer than earlier generations. Arts and culture is particularly suited for seniors given that it is less dependent on physical fitness, can cater to a wide range of interests, and can be enjoyed by individuals or in groups. Arts and culture can also be a medium for inter-generational interaction, allowing grandparents and their grandchildren to interact meaningfully through the sharing of stories and traditions from the past, adding to their sense of fulfilment, belonging and socio-emotional well-being. ii. New Singaporeans and Residents. 36% of Singapore‟s population are foreigners7. With such a significant proportion of foreigners, there is a pressing need for Singapore to facilitate the integration of new citizens, permanent residents and foreign talent. Through arts and culture activities, we can facilitate cross-6 From the National Heritage Board‟s 2008 Heritage Awareness Survey, 3 in 4 Singaporeans agreethat participating in heritage activities and visiting museums will help them develop a greater sense ofbelonging to Singapore. Similarly, a 2008 Canadian Study “Social Effects of Culture” found thatCanadians who visited a public art gallery or historical site, or attended a theatrical performance weremore likely to have a stronger sense of belonging to Canada than those who did not.7 From the 2010 Census, of a total population of 5.08 million, 3.23 million were Singapore citizens. 10 / 110
  • 11. cultural dialogue, and pique curiosity about the increasingly diverse cultures we live amongst, so as to develop the necessary mutual respect and understanding integral to a gracious society. Arts and culture also provides a platform to celebrate the “Singaporean-ness” that unifies our diversity and defines us as a people, strengthening social cohesion across communities, and nurturing culturally-sensitive and globally-attuned citizens8.Boosting Singapore’s competitiveness15 Cities around the world have come to realise that talents, and with them ideasand investments, are drawn to places where they have the best opportunities towork, live and grow. In pace with Asia‟s increasing affluence and global economicclout, many Asian cities have committed significant investment into arts and culture,making it an integral part of national development and positioning. High profile long-term cultural developments include Seoul‟s “Vision 2015: Cultural City Seoul”, HongKong‟s West Kowloon Cultural District, Abu Dhabi‟s Saadiyat Island Cultural District,and the proliferation of world-class cultural institutions in top-tier Chinese cities suchas Beijing and Shanghai, as well as emerging cities such as Guangzhou. In addition,cities are investing heavily in flagship cultural events that showcase their cities‟readiness to contribute to the world‟s cultural development. The biennales inGwangju, Sharjah and Sydney, and contemporary art fairs such as ArtDubai a
  • Recommended
    View more...
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks

    We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

    More details...

    Sign Now!

    We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!