The Romanian Journal for Baltic and Nordic Studies, vol. 4, issue 2 (2012)

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The political changes of 1989 stimulated a new perception and perspective of the Baltic Sea Region. And this gained momentum with the Eastern Enlargement of the EU. The new situation encouraged research as well. In this context the “Baltic Sea” is
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    Revista Român ă  de Studii Baltice ş i Nordice The Romanian Journal for Baltic and Nordic Studies Vol. 4, Issue 2 (2012) Târgovi ş te ISSN 2067-1725 E-ISSN: 2067-225X  Revista Român ă   de Studii Baltice ş i Nordice  ,  Vol. 4, Issue 2 (2012) Subscription information:  Revista Român ă  pentru Studii Baltice ş i Nordice [The Romanian Journal for Baltic and Nordic Studies] (RRSBN)  is a biannual multidisciplinary peer-reviewed  journal dedicated to publishing the results of research in all fields which are intertwined with the aims of The Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies  (www.arsbn.ro). The magazine is published in cooperation with Cetatea de Scaun Printing House, Targoviste, Romania (www.cetateadescaun.ro). Annual subscription: Institution Lei 80 € 20 £ 17 $ 28 Individual Lei 60 € 15 £ 13 $ 21 Online: free download (www.arsbn.ro/RRSBN.htm) Ordering information: Asociatia Româna pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice (ARSBN) 35 Lt. Stancu Ion St., 130105 Târgoviste, Romania Telephone: (004) 0724403094, Fax: (004) 0345 819714 E-mail: editorial@arsbn.ro Online store: http://www.arsbn.ro/store.htm Advertising: The ARSBN offers the companies the possibility to advertise their products and services in the pages of RRSBN. For more details, please contact the secretary of ARSBN at e-mail: asociatie@arsbn.ro Exchanges: The magazine is open to any suggestions of publications exchange coming from publications with a similar profile or from any kind of scientific publications from Baltic and Nordic states. Quality process: Although by its peer-review process and quality standards we are striving to produce good quality articles, the RRSBN makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the articles presented in print or on the site. © Copyright by Asocia ţ ia Român ă  pentru Studii Baltice ş i Nordice   Volumul apare cu sprijinul Administrației Fondului Cultural Național Prețul unui exemplar este de: 6,44 lei fara tva    Senior Editors: Vladimir Jarmolenko, Ambassador, Honorary Chairman of the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies  Ion Calafeteanu, Valahia University of Târgoviste Neagu Udroiu,  Ambassador    Editor in Chief: Silviu Miloiu, The Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies Associate Editors: Florin Anghel, Ovidius University of Constanta Crina Leon,  Al.I. Cuza University of Iasi Bogdan Schipor, “A.D. Xenopol” Institute of History of the Romanian Academy Editorial Assistant: Ioan Bodnar, "Grigore Gafencu" Research Center for the History of International Relations and Cultural Studies Editorial Board: Mioara Anton, “Nicolae Iorga” Institute of History of the Romanian Academy Leonidas Donskis, European Parliament  Elena Dragomir, University of Helsinki Tatiana Dragutan,  Maastricht School of Management Romania   Jaroslav Dvorak, Klaipeda University  Raluca Glavan,  Mykolas Romeris University of Vilnius Tuomas Hovi, University of Turku  Saulius Kaubrys, University of Vilnius Oana Popescu, "Grigore Gafencu" Research Center for the History of International Relations and Cultural Studies Tiberius Puiu, Romania International Advisory Board: Kari Alenius, University of Oulu Ioan Chiper, “Nicolae Iorga” Institute of History of the Romanian Academy Carsten Due-Nielsen, University of Copenhagen Daina S. Eglitis, The George Washington University  Björn M. Felder, Germany Marta Grzechnik, University of Greifswald  Rebecca Haynes, University College of London Kalervo Hovi, University of Turku Eriks Jekabsons, University of Latvia  Mark Kramer, Harvard University Ceslovas Laurinavicius, Lithuanian Institute of History Marko Lehti,  University of Turku Katalin Miklóssy, University of Helsinki Viatcheslav Morozov  , St. Petersburg State University Valters Šcerbinskis, Riga Stradinš University David J. Smith, University of Glasgow Viktor Trasberg, University of Tartu  Sarah Tyacke, International Society of the History of the Map  Inga Vinogradnait ė , Institute of International Relations and Political Science of Vilnius University  Luca Zanni, Embassy of Italy in Kyiv  Darius Žiemelis, University of Vilnius   ISSN:  2067-1725 © Copyright  by Asocia ţ ia Român ă  pentru Studii Baltice ş i Nordice/The Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies    Table of contents Michael North  Reinventing the Baltic Sea Region: From the Hansa to the Eu-Strategy of 2009 ........................................................................................................................................... 5 Alistair Maeer  The Baltic and the birth of a modern English maritime community: the Muscovy Company and nautical cartography, 1553-1665  .................................... 19 Nerijus Babinskas  Economic challenges in Early Modern Ages and different responses of European margins. Comparative considerations based on historiography: the cases of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Moldavian Principality  ........ 51 Saulius Kaubrys  Illegal education of Polish children in Independent Lithuania in the 1930s: circumstances and development trends  .................................................................. 63 Oana–Raluca Gl ă van and Lucia Andrievschi-Bartkiene  Multiculturalism versus Nationalism and the role of ethnic minorities in the public life of Lithuania   .............................................................................................. 73 Kari Alenius  Beggars, scammers, discriminated against by the whole of Europe: Romania’s Roma in Finnish tabloids, 2008-2011  ........................................................................ 87 Matteo Albertini  Mafia links between the Balkans and Scandinavia. State of affairs  ............... 111 Andrius Švarplys   What the membership has taught? National identity construction in Lithuanian public discourse after accession to the European Union  .............. 151 Eva Birzniece  Construction of Resistance Discourse in Latvian Post-Soviet Literature about Deportations and Imprisonments  .......................................................................... 173 Cezar Stanciu  The common denominator. Romania and the Nordic countries, 1966-1969  ... 195 Silviu Miloiu  The Third Conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania, May 2012  213 Call for Papers  ................................................................................................................ 215    Revista Român ă   de Studii Baltice ș i Nordice / The Romanian Journal for Baltic and Nordic Studies , ISSN 2067-1725, Vol. 4, Issue 2 (2012): pp. 5-17 EINVENTING THE BALTIC SEA REGION: FROM THE HANSA TO THE EU-STRATEGY OF 2009  Michael North University of Greifswald, E-Mail: north@uni-greifswald.de Acknowledgments This paper has been presented at the Third International Conference on Nordic and Baltic Studies in Romania: European Networks: the Balkans, Scandinavia and the Baltic World in a Time of Crisis  hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies and Valahia University of Târgoviste, and sponsored by the Romanian National Research Council, May 25-27, 2012. Abstract: The political changes of 1989 stimulated a new perception and perspective of the Baltic Sea Region. And this gained momentum with the Eastern Enlargement of the EU. The new situation encouraged research as well. In this context the “Baltic Sea” is not an unchangeable physical setting, but also a construction of different actors or protagonists. People and powers continuously reinvent the Baltic Sea Region. That is why; the following paper focuses on the different notions of the Baltic Sea Region from the Middle Ages up to now and also examines the recent EU-Strategy of this region. Rezumat:  Schimb ă  rile politice din 1989 au stimulat o nou ă   percep ţ ie ş i perspectiv ă   asupra regiunii Baltice. Aceasta a luat amploare odat ă   cu extinderea Uniunii Europene spre est. Noua situa  ț  ie a încurajat ş i cercetarea. În acest context, „Marea Baltic ă  „ nu este un decor fizic invariabil, ci o construc ţ ie a diferi ţ i actori ş i protagoni ş ti. Persoane ş i puteri reinventeaz ă   continuu regiunea M  ă  rii Baltice. Iat ă   de ce, acest text se concentreaz ă   pe diferite no ţ iuni ale regiunii M  ă  rii Baltice din Evul Mediu  pân ă   în prezent ş i examineaz ă   , de asemenea, recenta strategie a Uniunii Europene din aceast ă   zon ă  . Keywords: Baltic Sea Region; Hansa; Adam of Bremen; EU-Strategy; spatial turn; dominium maris Baltici; model region   R
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