The Romanian Journal for Baltic and Nordic Studies, vol. 5, issue 1 (2013)

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Revista Română pentru Studii Baltice şi Nordice / The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies (RRSBN) continues the publication in this issue of a series of studies which have been presented at the annual conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies
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  Table of contents Silviu Miloiu  Editorial Foreword ....................................................................................................... 5 Kari Alenius  A S outheastern “other” with diverse challenges. Romania in Finnish schoolbooks ................................................................................................................... 7 Saulius Kaubrys   Jewish faction at the Third Seimas of Lithuania in 1926-1927: on the way to the identity crisis  ................................................................................................................ 27 Dalia Bukelevičiūtė  European Regional Integration in the Drafting of the Eastern Pact in 1934 – 1935: Interests of the Baltic Entente and the Little Entente  ................................. 39 Kalervo Hovi   Finland’s rapprochement to National -Socialist Germany as reaction against  Winter War  .................................................................................................................... 57 Dragana Kovacevic  Young people from Bosnia and Herzegovina in Norway: Migration, Identity and Ethnicity ............................................................................................................... 69 Veniamin Ciobanu  International reactions to the Russian suppression of the Polish insurrection (November 1830) ......................................................................................................... 87 Call for Papers  ................................................................................................................ 115    Senior Editors: Vladimir Jarmolenko, Ambassador, Honorary Chairman of the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies  Ion Calafeteanu, Valahia University of Târgoviste   Neagu Udroiu,  Ambassador    Editor in Chief: Silviu Miloiu, The Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies Associate Editors: Florin Anghel, Ovidius University of Constanta Crina Leon,  Al.I. Cuza University of Iasi Bogdan Schipor, “A.D. Xenopol” Institute of Hi story of the Romanian Academy Editorial Assistant: Costel Coroban, "Grigore Gafencu" Research Center for the History of International Relations and Cultural Studies Editorial Board: Mioara Anton, “Nicolae Iorga” Institute of History of the Romanian  Academy Leonidas Donskis, European Parliament  Elena Dragomir, University of Helsinki Tatiana Dragutan,  Maastricht School of Management Romania   Jaroslav Dvorak, Klaipeda University  Raluca Glavan,  Mykolas Romeris University of Vilnius Tuomas Hovi, University of Turku  Saulius Kaubrys, University of Vilnius Ana-Maria Despa, "Grigore Gafencu" Research Center for the History of International Relations and Cultural Studies Tiberius Puiu, Romania International Advisory Board: Kari Alenius, University of Oulu Ioan Chiper, “Nicolae Iorga” Institute of History of the Romanian Academy Leonidas Donskis, University of Helsinki  Carsten Due-Nielsen, University of Copenhagen Daina S. Eglitis, The George Washington University   Björn  M. Felder, Germany Marta Grzechnik, University of Greifswald  Rebecca Haynes, University College of London Kalervo Hovi, University of Turku Eriks Jekabsons, University of Latvia  Mark Kramer, Harvard University Ceslovas Laurinavicius, Lithuanian Institute of History Marko Lehti,  University of Turku Katalin Miklóssy, University of Helsinki Viatcheslav Morozov  , St. Petersburg State University Valters Šcerbinskis, Riga Stradinš University   David J. Smith, University of Glasgow Viktor Trasberg, University of Tartu  Sarah Tyacke, International Society of the History of the Map   Inga Vinogradnaitė, Institute of International Relations and Political Science of Vilnius University  Luca Zanni, Embassy of Italy in Kyiv   Darius Žiemelis, University of Vilnius   ISSN:  2067-1725 © Copyright   by Asociaţia Română pentru Studii Baltice şi Nordice/The Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies    Editorial Foreword Silviu Miloiu   President of the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies , E-mail: silviu.miloiu@arsbn.ro Revista Română   pentru Studii Baltice şi  Nordice / The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies  (RRSBN) continues the publication in this issue of a series of studies which have been presented at the annual conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. These articles approach topics related to the relations and encounters between Black Sea and the Baltic Sea areas or various developments in the Baltic Sea region during the 20th century. Kari Alenius contributes to this issue with an analysis of the way Romania was presented in the Finnish schoolbooks. As correctly emphasized by the author, this image reflects the perception and attitude of the authors of „  the outside world and diversity ”. Alenius identifies four stages in this respect: end of 1800s until the end of the First World War; early years of the 1920s to the 1950s; the 1960s to the 1980s and the last decades since the 1990s. Although each stage emphasized different characteristics of Romania, the author finds also continues among them. Saulius Kaubrys deals with the Jewish faction at the Third Seimas of Lithuania in 1926-1927. This was a time when the Jewish faction entered the government. Although it showed solidarity with its coalition partners and hoped that by doing so its aims would be dealt with, the fact that progress in this regard was slow and the coup d’état  of December 1926 marked a change of attitude of the Jewish faction from pro-active to passive. Dalia Bukelevičiūtė  approaches the project of the Eastern Pact of 1934 – 1935 from the perspective of two regional cooperation structures, the Baltic Entente and the Little Entente. The author concludes that in the process of negotiations, it became apparent that countries were more concerned with their narrow national interests than with the common security of the whole bloc. Kalervo Hovi highlights the rationalities behind Finnish decision to go to war against the Soviet Union alongside, although not in alliance, with Germany. The decision was a result of the way the Finnish elites assessed the national interest in the aftermath of the Winter War.  Revista Română de Studii Baltice şi Nordice  ,  Vol. 5, Issue 1 (2013): pp. 5-6 6 Dragana Kovacevic approaches the condition of Bosnians and Herzegovinans residing in Norway who moved to Norway as children and war refugees in the 1990s. It discusses the way they relate to their identity and heritage and also how the receiving society perceives their integration in the Norwegian society. Kovacevic brings into light concepts such as transnational belongings and long-distance nationalism. An outcome of ample investigations in Sveriges Riksarkivet ,  Veniamin Ciobanu contributes with new documents revealing the international dimension of the Russian brutal suppression of the Polish insurrection (November 1830). Countries such as Great Britain and France tried to soften the attitude of Russia towards Polish insurgents. We hope that the variety of themes tackled in this issue and their importance to the enrichment of our knowledge of past and current developments affecting the Black Sea and Baltic Sea areas will foster academic and public debates.  Revista Rom ână de Studii Baltice ș i Nordice / The Romanian Journal for Baltic and Nordic Studies , ISSN 2067-1725, Vol. 5, Issue 1 (2013): pp. 7-26 Published online: 3 Nov 2013 SOUTHEASTERN “OTHER” WITH DIVERSE CHALLENGES. ROMANIA IN FINNISH SCHOOLBOOKS  Kari Alenius University of Oulu, E-Mail: kari.alenius@oulu.fi Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze what sorts of image Finnish schoolbooks have  provided of Romania and why this image has been a certain kind. The analysis  focuses on the key features of this image and the most pertinent factors that could explain it. It is apparent that the basic nature of this image has largely remained the same from generation to generation. The time period of the study begins with the birth of the modern Finnish school system to the modern day, or from the 1860s to the 2000s. Representations of foreign countries and other cultures in Finnish schoolbooks have been studied to some extent, but the image of Romania as part of this subject matter has so far been unexplored. The content of Finnish schoolbooks reflects the view of Romania of those who created them, as well as their attitude towards the outside world and diversity. Although there are many permanent elements in these images, there are also changes in emphasis and tone. Based on the changes found in this analysis, development can be divided into four successive stages. The first period includes the last decades of the 1800s until approximately the end of the First World War. The second period extends from the early years of the 1920s to the 1950s. The third period extends from the 1960s to the 1980s and the fourth includes the last two decades. Rezumat:  Obiectivul acestu i studiu este acela de a analiza care a fost imaginea României în manualele ș colare finlandeze ș i ce a generat această imagine.  Analiza se concentrează asupra trăsăturilor fundamentale ale acestei imagini ș i asupra celor mai pertinen  ț  i factori care o explică. Este evident c ă   elementele de baz ă   ale acestei imagini au r  ămas în mare parte acelea ș i de la genera  ț  ie la genera  ț  ie. Perioada de studiu î  ncepe de la na ș terea sistemului ș colar modern din Finlanda până în prezent  , sau de la 1860 la 2000. Reprezent ă  rile  ț  ă  rilor str  ă  ine ș i ale altor culturi î  n manualele ș colare finlandeze au fost studiate î  ntr-o oarecare m ă  sur  ă   , dar imaginea României  , ca parte a acestui subiect, a fost până    acum neexplorată  . Con  ț  inutul manualelor finlandeze reflect ă   vederile despre România a le celor care le-au creat, precum ș i atitudinea lor fa  ț  ă   de străinătate   ș i diversitate. De ș i exist ă   multe A
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