Typing during Lectures as an Alternative for Blackboard Writing

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Blackboard writing is one of the most basic method to give a lecture for a long time, but these days, the necessity of handwriting is decreasing due to the widespread use of digital devices. This study proposes an alternative method for writing blackboards: to input contents through PC keyboards and show them on a projector screen.
  • 1. Typing during Lectures as an Alternative for Blackboard Writing Shunji Nishimura National Institute of Technology, Oita College 2019/09/19 ISATE
  • 2. •Blackboards no special device is needed •Slides expressive, but need projectors Basic Teaching Methods 2
  • 3. flexible/dynamic methods (blackboard writing, for example) are still needed Both Blackboards and Slides 3 method efficiency* blackboard only 3.10 slide only 3.07 Both 3.41 *: Meo, S.A., et al. (2013)
  • 4.  flexible/dynamic  able to publish on the Internet Along with Digitalizaton 4 (already exists) Handwriting through tablet PC
  • 5.  flexible/dynamic  able to publish on the Internet Further Digitalizaton 5 Handwriting Keyboard Typing
  • 6. “annotations by students” 6 •an alternative for note taking by students •throuph students’ smartphones
  • 7. 7 Methods
  • 8. Markdown 8 source display
  • 9. Mathmatical Notations 9 source display limlimits_{hrightarrow 0} frac{e^h-1}{h} lim ℎ→0 𝑒ℎ − 1 ℎ
  • 10. •Text editor's preview problem with multi monitor •Emacs(editor) + impatient-mode show the output in browsers Real Time Rendering 10
  • 11.  naturally available  able to edit among students (ex. HackMD) Web Publishing 11
  • 12. Annotations by students 12 Lecture by teacher LINE by student material1 material2 material3 Published lecture note material1 material2 material3 my memo
  • 13. 13 Case Example
  • 14. Pageviews 14 2017 2018
  • 15. Pageviews 15 2017 2018 exams!
  • 16. Pageviews 16 school year (students) Pageviews 2017 (39) 3,815 2018 (38) 2,012 for a student, 5.8 pageviews per a lecture note
  • 17. •Total annotations count: 56 times •Users (of 38 students): 13 students •User ratio: 34.2% •Average annotations count for users: 4.3 times Annotations by Students 17
  • 18. contents • What the teacher said: 76.8% (by 8 students) • Etc(seems meaningless): 23.2% (by 6 students) total 13 users, 2 enthusiastic ones. Annotations by Students 18 0 5 10 15 20 25
  • 19. •Not Available to Compare blackboard problem with multi monitor •Publishing Lecture Notes easy, statistics available Discussion (1/2) 19
  • 20. •Showing Eagerness better than slides •Annotations by Students not so much usage, a few enthusiastic users Discussion (2/2) 20
  • 21. •No blackboard writing but keyboard typing •Published materials are numerously accessed •Annotate function is not used so much Conclusion 21
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