Wet Van Het Land | Jury Trial | Fourteenth Amendment To The United States Constitution

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( Wet van het land ) = Wereldwijd van kracht = in voordeel van de ( mens van vlees en bloed ) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_a !eu m#$w ( %ederlands & 'omeinse wet ) ( http://www.scribd.com/doc/)*+,-+),.//ntroduction&to& 0utch&'oman&1aw ( 2iviele 2ode ) van de staat der %ederlanden ) ( http://www.dutchcivillaw.com/civilcode3eneral.htm ( 2iviele 2ode ) 4oek der namen ( http://www.scribd.com/doc/)5,67,.)6/2ivil&28de ( 922 2ode ) studie :ids ;n3els ( http://www.scribd.com/doc/+tudy& :
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  ( Wet van het land ) = Wereldwijd van kracht = in voordeel van de ( mens van vlees en  bloed )http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_a!eu m#$w( %ederlands & 'omeinse wet )  http://www.scribd.com/doc/*+,-+,/ntroduction&to&0utch&'oman&1aw( 2iviele 2ode ) van de staat der %ederlanden )  http://www.dutchcivillaw.com/civilcode3eneral.htm( 2iviele 2ode ) 4oek der namen  http://www.scribd.com/doc/5,67,6/2ivil&28de( 922 2ode ) studie ids ;n3els  http://www.scribd.com/doc/+<5+77-/922& tudy&uide( 1e#en met de hart ) en ( 3erechtelijk bedacht ) tot actie komen  http://ebooks.narotama.ac.id/inde>.php/<0e ( natuurlijk persoon ) is ( 3een rechts persoon ) maar ( onder3eschikt ) aan de ( rechts  persoon )4ur3erlijk wetboek van rechts personen  http://www.st&ab.nl/wetten/,,<6_4oek_5_4ur3erlijk_Wetboek_4W.htm0e ( oorspron3 ) Wet an et 1and ( 1aw o@ the 1and ) = ( !a3na charta ) in3e3aan op < juni 5<( 9itle3 video ) over de ( !a3na & 2arta ) : http://www.bl.uk/treasures/ma3nacarta/virtual_curator/vc+.html( ;n3else ertalin3 ) !a3na & 2arta : http://www.bl.uk/treasures/ma3nacarta/translation/mc_trans.htmlhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=$10$A;!wBsClist=D1m2+%necjnltE*n0hcFtp<lt+1#Gb<0e ( !a3na 2arta ) ook wel ( !a3na 2harta ) ( 1atijn voor 3rote oorkonde ) is de naam van het ( handvest over vrijheden en rechtspraak ) dat de ( ;n3else konin3 Hin3 Iohn ) op ( < juni 5< ) ondertekende. 0it werd door de ;n3else leen & mannen a@3edwon3en omdat #ij vonden dat de konin3 #ijn macht misbruikte. et verdra3 werd 3etekend in een weiland bij 'unnymede nabij Windsor.the 4ritish 2onstitution !a3na 2harta ( 5< ) provides that a person cannot bedeprived o@ 1i@e 1iberty or Droperty or e>iled without a Iury Jrial o@ the personKs peers under the 1aw o@ the 1and. Jhe 1aw o@ the 1and provides that only reasonable laws are valid  and that unreasonable laws are void and ille3al under %atural 1aw. Jhis is con@irmed by the Dennsylvania 2harter o@ - which provides that all laws o@ Dennsylvania and 3overnment actions must be in accordance with reason that is they must be reasonable. Jhe ubstantive 0ue Drocess 2lause o@ the 9nited tates 2onstitution also re$uires that all laws be reasonable to be constitutional. Fnd we know that reason is de@ined as a composite o@ lo3ic love and intuition. 0evelopmental psycholo3y con@irms this.!a3na 2harta  http://www.constitution.or3/en3/ma3nacar.htm( !a3na 2harta ) o@ ( 5< ) provides that a person = slave cannot bedeprived o@ 1i@e 1iberty or Droperty or e>iled ( without a Iury Jrial o@ the personKs = slave peers) under the ( 1aw o@ the 1and ) Jhe 1aw o@ the 1and provides that :( only reasonable laws are valid ) and that ( unreasonable laws ) are ( void ) and ( ille3al ) under ( %atural 1aw ) Jhis is con@irmed by the ( Dennsylvania 2harter o@ - ) which provides that all laws o@ Dennsylvania and 3overnment actions must be in accordance with reason that is they must be reasonable. Jhe ubstantive 0ue Drocess 2lause o@ the 9nited tates 2onstitution also re$uires that all laws be reasonable to be constitutional. Fnd we know that reason is de@ined as a composite o@ lo3ic love and intuition. 0evelopmental psycholo3y con@irms this( istorical ;ssay ) on the ( !a3na 2harta ) o@ ( Hin3 Iohn ) :http://www.scribd.com/doc/5*-5-+/istorical&;ssay&on&the&!a3na&2harta&o@&Hin3&Iohnhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HhnEbt4-( Dennsylvania 2harter o@ - ) ome think wron3ly that Drocedural and ubstantive 0ue Drocess 2lauses o@ the 9nited tates 2onstitution were the invention o@ jurisprudenti alists @ollowin3 the Fmerican 2ivil War. n @act 0ue Drocess @inds its root in the GreemanKs 2lause o@ the 4ritish 2onstitution !a3na 2harta ( si3ned by ;n3lish Hin3 Iohn and Dope nnocent the  in the year 5< ) Jhe GreemanKs clause o@ !a3na 2harta states that no one can bedeprived o@ his or her liberty or property without a jury trial o@ oneKs peers under the 1aw o@ the 1and. Jhe 1aw o@ the 1and is obviously those %atural 'i3hts 4ased upon %atural 1aw that were later @ound in the 0eclaration o@ ndependence and the 4ill o@ 'i3hts and Gourteenth Fmendment o@ the 9nited tates 2onstitution.Fdditionally it should be noted that 2olonial Fmerica also had a 0ue Drocess 2lause in the Drovince o@ Dennsylvania. n the Dennsylvania 2harter o@ - 3ranted by Hin3 2harles  o@ reat 4ritain to William Denn William Denn was authori#ed toestablish a criminal and civil court system subject to the limitation that all law o@ Dennsylvania must be in accord with reason. 8bviously the reason clause o@ this 2harter means that everyone is entitled to a reasonable procedure and reasonable substantive laws.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=phB *!ybLE,!a3na 2arta is one o@ the most celebrated documents in ;n3lish history but later interpretations have tended to obscure its real si3ni@icance in 5<. Jhis iconic document was not intended to be a lastin3 declaration o@ le3al principle. t was a practical solution to a political crisis which primarily served the interests o@ the hi3hest ranks o@ @eudal society by reassertin3 the power o@ custom to limit despotic behaviour by the kin3.Jhe majority o@ the clauses in !a3na 2arta dealt with the re3ulation o@ @eudal customs and the operation o@ the justice system not with le3al theory and ri3hts. t was Hin3 IohnMs e>tortionate e>ploitation o@ his @eudal ri3hts and his ruthless administration o@  justice that were at the core o@ the baronsM 3rievances.Fll but three o@ !a3na 2artaMs clauses have now become obsolete and been repealed but the @le>ible way in which the charter has been reinterpreted throu3h the centuries has 3uaranteed its status and lon3evity.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=&2mc50v$hs( 1e3acy )8nly three o@ the ori3inal clauses in !a3na 2arta are still law. 8ne de@ends the @reedom and ri3hts o@ the ;n3lish church another con@irms the liberties and customs o@ 1ondon and other towns but the third is the most @amous:( %o @ree man shall be sei#ed or imprisoned or stripped o@ his ri3hts or possessions or outlawed or e>iled. nor will we proceed with @orce a3ainst him. e>cept by the law@ul  jud3ement o@ his e$uals or by the ( law o@ the land ) Jo no one will we sell to no one deny or delay ri3ht or justice ) Jhis statement o@ principle buried deep in ( !a3na 2arta ) was 3iven no particular  prominence in 5< but its intrinsic adaptability has allowed succeedin3 3enerations to reinterpret it @or their own purposes and this has ensured its lon3evity. n the @ourteenth century Darliament saw it as 3uaranteein3 trial by jury. ir ;dward 2oke interpreted it as a declaration o@ individual liberty in his con@lict with the early tuart kin3s and it has resonant ( echoes in the Fmerican 4ill o@ 'i3hts and the 9niversal 0eclaration o@ uman 'i3hts )4ut ( the real le3acy o@ !a3na 2arta ) as a whole is that it ( limited the kin3Ms authority )  by establishin3 the crucial principle that the law was a power in its own ri3ht to which the kin3 was subject.( Why is !a3na 2arta hard to read ? )Jhe scribes who produced !a3na 2arta wrote in medieval 1atin usin3 the typical handwritin3 @ound in ;n3lish documents in the early *th century. Jhe scribes also  @ollowed the usual practice o@ abbreviatin3 words to save space on the parchment  because it was so e>pensive to produce. @ you 3o over to the interactive in the opposite corner o@ the room you can use its ma3ic ma3ni@ier to look at the 1atin te>t in detail as well as an ;n3lish translation.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5,8*A Ln%6( What is !a3na 2arta written on ? )!a3na 2arta was written on parchment not on paper. Darchment was the normal writin3 material in ;n3land until the end o@ the !iddle F3es. t was made @rom sheepskin which was soaked in a bath o@ lime then stretched on a @rame to dry under tension. When it was dry the skin was scraped with a curved kni@e to produce a smooth writin3 sur@ace @or the scribes who wrote their te>t with a $uill pen.( Where did Hin3 Iohn si3n !a3na 2arta ? )1ike other medieval royal charters !a3na 2arta was authenticated with the reat eal not by the si3nature o@ the Hin3. n @act there is no evidence that Hin3 Iohn could write at all. Jhree o@ the @our survivin3 copies o@ !a3na 2arta have lost their wa> seals over the centuries. Jhe only one which still has its seal is the burnt copy on display here. 9n@ortunately the seal was destroyed when the charter was burnt by @ire in +* but the reat eal on display with the Frticles o@ the 4arons shows what the seal on !a3na 2arta would ori3inally have looked like.( Why is there more than one !a3na 2arta ? )Jhere is no evidence that a sin3le !a3na 2arta was written up and sealed when Hin3 Iohn met the barons at 'unnymede in 5<. nstead once the terms o@ !a3na 2arta had  been @inalised the barons renewed their oaths o@ alle3iance to the kin3. n the days that @ollowed the terms o@ the a3reement were retrospectively written up into a 3rant by scribes workin3 in the royal chancery. !any copies o@ this 3rant which later became known as !a3na 2arta were sent out to bishops sheri@@s and other o@@icials throu3hout the country. We donKt know e>actly how many were issued but @our now survive one in 1incoln one in alisbury and two here in the 4ritish 1ibrary.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G'EB n 4's-( Why is one copy o@ !a3na 2arta burnt ? )4oth copies o@ !a3na 2arta in the 4ritish 1ibrary came @rom the enormous collection o@ manuscripts amassed by ir 'obert 2otton who died in *. ;>actly a century later in +* there was a disastrous @ire at Fshburnam ouse in Westminster where his library was then housed. !any rare and valuable manuscripts were destroyed or dama3ed in the @ire and un@ortunately one o@ 2ottonKs two copies o@ !a3na 2arta was cau3ht up in the  bla#e.
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