A study on traditional practices of some herbal medicine in the rural health care system of Assam

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The North Eastern India of the country is very rich in medicinal plants resources. The natural environment favours to grow ample species of valuable plants. On the other hand folk practices of this region are also highly countable and the flora of
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    MONTH: MAY- JUNE 2014 VOL: 2, ISSUE: 3 ISSN: 2348-1846 PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal PunarnaV Ayurved Journal   PunarnaV   AN INTERNATIONAL PEER REVIEWED AYURVED JOURNAL ON LINE BI-MONTHLY AYURVED JOURNAL www.punarnav.com Email: explore@punarnav.com, punarnav.ayu@gmail.com    TITLE: “ A STUDY ON THE TRADITIONAL PRACTICES OF SOME HERBAL MEDICINE IN THE RURAL HEALTH CARE SYSTEM OF ASSAM ”   D. BARUAH 1 , JYOTIRMAY CHOUDHURY 2 , R. KANDIMALLA 3 , J. KOTOKY 4    A STUDY ON THE TRADITIONAL PRACTICES OF SOME HERBAL MEDICINE IN THE RURAL HEALTH CARE SYSTEM OF ASSAM D. BARUAH 1 , JYOTIRMAY CHOUDHURY 2 , R. KANDIMALLA 3 , J. KOTOKY 4 1  R.O. Scientist-3 & PhD Scholar (Gauhati University),   North Eastern India Ayurveda Research Institute (NEIARI), Guwahati, 2 Senior Consultant (Ayu) ,   North Eastern India Ayurveda Research Institute (NEIARI), Guwahati, 3 JRF, Institute of Advance Study in Science & Technology (IASST),   Guwahati 4   Professor: 2, Institute of Advance Study in Science & Technology (IASST),   Guwahati PunarnaV   ISSN: 2348-1846   AN INTERNATIONAL PEER REVIEWED AYURVED JOURNAL ABSTRACT: The North Eastern India of the country is very rich in medicinal plants resources. The natural environment favours to grow ample species of valuable plants. On the other hand  folk practices of this region are also highly countable and the flora of this area is among the richest of the country. Majority of valuable medicinal plants are gradually facing danger for its survival and many of which have already been destroyed even without having the  scientific uses. World Health Organization estimates that 80% of the people in developing countries of the world rely on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs.  About 3.5 to 4 billion people in the world rely on plants as sources of drugs. In countries like India medicinal plants has specific role in the rural health care. The common diseases are often treated by effective herbal remedies. The authors have collected the knowledge of  such uncommon folk practises from different parts of Assam and the work is being continued  further by Authors. This article mainly highlighted such 32 Folk Practices of some herbal  Medicines used in rural health care system for the common diseases particularly by the rural peoples of Assam along with their local name, botanical name, disease conditions,  part used and method of use. These medicinal use of the herbs when compared with  Ayurvedic text it is seen that some herbs are described for similar use or properties and on the other hand some herbs are found to use in traditional medicine in other parts of India and abroad. It is also seen that some herbs are used as preventive measure for diseases and taken as food substances by these rural peoples. KEY WORDS:   Assam, Common diseases, Folk practice, Medicinal plants, Traditional medicine. PUNARNAV: MAY- JUNE 2014: VOL: 2 ISSUES: 3 Page No: 01    INTRODUCTION Since the time immemorial medicinal plants have been used by mankind for treatment of their day to day sufferings. It has a specific role in the rural health care system. Especially the poor section of people depends on some medicinal plants available at their door step which are quite effective. Medicinal plants  being natural, non-narcotic, having no side effect, a range of safe, cost effective, preventive and curative therapies which could be useful in achieving the goal of Health for all in a cost effective manner. Demand for medicinal plants is increasing in  both developing and developed countries 1 . Traditional Medicines derived from medicinal plants are used by about 60% of the world’s  population 2 . World Health Organization estimated that 80% of  people worldwide rely on herbal medicines for some part of their  primary health care 3 . Diseases like diarrhoea (Atisar), malaria (Visamjwar), cough cold (Kasa  Pratisyaya ), neuromuscular disease ( Vatavyadhi ), abdominal disease ( Udararoga ), skin disease ( Twakroga ), worm infection (  Krimiroga ) etc. were having very good effective herbal remedies and they are in practice in the remote and rural areas.  North East India has the richest reservoir of plant diversity in India and is one of the biodiversity hotspots of the world supporting about 50% of India’s biodiversity. This region is a good reservoir of medicinal plants and traditional health practices 4 . The food habits of the people also include various medicinal plants and plant products, on the base of traditional knowledge. The valuable medicinal plants of this area used by the villagers in the form of medicines as well as food habits in day to day are Haldhi (Haridra; Curcuma longa  Roxb.), Masandari (  Houttuynia cordata ), Bhebeilota (Prasarani;  Paederia  foetida  Linn), Manimuni (Mandukparni; Centella asiatica  L. Urban), Nim (Nimba;  Azadirachta indica ), Sewali (Paarijaata;  Nyctanthes arbour-tristis  Linn.), Titaphul (  Phlogacanthus tubiflorus ) Bakphul (  Agatis grandiflora ), Amora (Aamraataka; Spondias  pinnata ), Bel (Bilva;  Agle marmelos  Linn), Khutura (Tanduliya; TRADITIONAL PRACTICES OF HERBAL MEDICINE IN THE RURAL HEALTH CARE SYSTEM OF ASSAM Correspondent: Dr. D. BARUAH R.O. Scientist-3 & PhD Scholar (Gauhati University), North Eastern India Ayurveda Research Institute (NEIARI), Guwahati. ASSAM PUNARNAV: MAY- JUNE 2014: VOL: 2 ISSUES: 3 Page No: 02     Amaranthus viridis ), Thekera (Amlavetasa; Garcinia pedunculata  Roxb.), Jamu (Jambu;  Eugenia  jambolina  Lam.), Amlaki (Aaamalaki;  Phylanthus emblica  Linn), Silikha (Haritaki; Terminalia chebula  Retz.), Arjun (Arjuna; Terminalia arjuna  Roxb.), Kalakachu (Pindaaluka; Colocasia esculenta ),   Sarpagandha (Sarpagandhaa;  Rauvlfia serpentina  Benth. Ex. Kurz.), Titbhakuri (Brihati; Solanum indicum ), Kalpa tita (Kaalmegha;  Andrographis  paniculata  Nees.), Jaba (Japaa;  Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ), Dron gach (Drunapushpi;  Leucas cephalotes  Roth. Spr.), Palasa (Paalasha;  Butea monosperma  Lam. Taub.), Amita (Erand-karkati; Carica papaya  Linn.), Sajina (Shigru;  Moringa oleifera  Lam) etc 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12, . These were the few examples with maximum uses. The interest of the global community in medicinal plants is growing day by day because of its minimum side effects and low cost. World Health Organization estimates that 80% of the people in developing countries of the world rely on traditional medicine for their  primary health care needs, and about 85% of traditional medicine involves the use of plant extracts. This means that about 3.5 to 4 billion people in the world rely on plants as sources of drugs 13  (Farnsworth et al., 1985). The value of herbal medicine in worldwide has been estimated more than 60 billion dollar per year and it is on a rapid increase 14  . It is estimated that about 90% of the medicinal plants are harvested from wild sources 11 . Though north eastern states are heavily forested and considered as a hub of medicinal  plants but due to shrinkage of forest areas in some of the states, many of these valuable plants are threatened with extinction. Even the traditional  practices by rural peoples are also gradually decreasing due to urbanization. Therefore, it became highly essential to take different steps for collection of traditional knowledge of practices for  betterment of human being. This paper highlights some herbal medicines used by rural  people of Assam in their localities. This data is collected by visiting few rural areas of Assam where peoples are highly dependent on folk  practices of medicine. These folk medicinal claims are enumerated  bellow mentioning the Local names, Botanical names, Medicinal uses, Part used and Method of use. TRADITIONAL PRACTICES OF HERBAL MEDICINE IN THE RURAL HEALTH CARE SYSTEM OF ASSAM PUNARNAV: MAY- JUNE 2014: VOL: 2 ISSUES: 3 Page No: 03    Table 1: List of medicinal plants with their used disease condition Local name Botanical Name Disease condition Part used Method of use 1. Kalakasu Colacasia esculenta  L. Schott. For cut injury Stem Stem juice applied locally in the affected part to stop bleeding immediately. 2. a. Sarpagandha  b. Silikha a.  Rauvolfia  serpentina  Benth. Ex, Kurz.  b. Terminalia chebula  For abdominal  pain a. Root  b. Seed The mixed form of the both plants taken orally with water for abdominal  plain. 3.Anaras  Ananas comosus  Linn Merr For worm  problems Soft & White  portion of leaves Leaf juice of plant taken orally at morning in empty stomach 4. Kalpatita  Andrographis  paniculata  Nees. For liver disease (Jaundice) Whole Plant The decoction of the plant is used for liver diseases specially in jaundice. 5. Madar  Erythena indica . Jaundice Bark The decoction of bark (15-20 ml) taken orally with honey for 7 days. 6. Thekera Garcinia  pedunculata  Roxb. For Diarrhoea & Dysentery Fruits The old and dry fruits are soaked in water and taken orally. Taken as vegetable also. 7. Amita Carica papaya  Linn. Liver diseases (fatty liver, enlarged liver)  Newly appeared small fruits The fruits are boiled with water and taken orally. Taken as vegetable also. 8. Bhotera  Jatropha curcas  Kinn. Diarrhoea and vomiting Bark The paste of bark (approx 3 gms) taken orally in every four hours interval. 9. Jaibangla  Mikania scandens  Willd External  bleedings Leaves The paste of leaves applied locally to the wound. TRADITIONAL PRACTICES OF HERBAL MEDICINE IN THE RURAL HEALTH CARE SYSTEM OF ASSAM PUNARNAV: MAY- JUNE 2014: VOL: 2 ISSUES: 3 Page No: 04
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