Banana Plantain Overview

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 27
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information Report



Views: 58 | Pages: 27

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Banana and plantain—an overview with emphasis on Pacifc island cultivars Musaceae (banana family) Randy C. Ploetz, Angela Kay Kepler, Jef Daniells, and Scot C. Nelson INTRODUCTION Te plant family Musaceae, composed of ba- nanas, plantains, and ornamental bananas, originally evolved in Southeast Asia and sur- rounding tropical and subtropical regions (in- cluding New Guinea). Africa is a secondary center of diversity. Te two genera Ensete and Musa in the family Musac
  INTRODUCTION  Te  m Mcee, cmed  b, , d rme b,rg eed  Se A d rrdg rc d brc reg (cdg New Ge). Arc   ecdr ceer  der. Te w geer Ensete  d Musa  e m Mcee re cered ere.Pee e   mcr   ce d  mc  e cmex eced cr xm   e rce  re  d ex. Reder re ecrged c w e m excee e rerce ed  e “Bbgr” r crrerm. Species Poes o Pacic Isand Agooesy  www.adiionaee.og  Febrr   er.    p  h  o  t  o  :  C .  E  l  E  v  i  t  C  h   Banana and plantain overview  Part 1: Taxa in the Musaceae  Ensete  Te ge ee rge rg Arc d erA. eedg  e r, e ge  Ensete  c m  e ece. Te re mcrc, brcederb  cker rre d re ed r d, ber, d rme. Te reembe b , b er wderedg d mmee g, ddeed ee w crm mdrb, re mkbe. Ter r remr  erce  e  b, b e re dr,eed, d edbe. Te ere  de er rg.  Ensete gilletii   (e Wd.) eem  Ensete glaucum   (Rxb.) eem. mm me: Wdb, Seeded wee b, “Vrg” b, r Vrg(Pe)Sm:  M. glauca Rxb.,  M. nepalensis Wc Rxb.,  M. troglodytarum L. r. dolioliformis F. M. Bc,  M. gigantea Kze,  M. calosperma  Meer,  M. wilsonii    cer,  E. calospermum ( Meer) eem,  E. wil-sonii  (cer) eem,  M. agharkarii  krr,  E. gigantea (Kze) . Nk,  E. nepalensis (Wc) eem, err. cal. Smmd,  E. agharkarii  (krr) Hre,Srm d Pde ecr: T ece  m,  b   er m, cmc bc,   ge bd w gree rg e brw, ere brc rdcg  “me” rcmr  dwr edbe b (r exme, ‘wr ed’, ‘Pr Añ’). Te eed re b 10 mm dmeer x 11 mm dee (0.4  x 0.43 ). Te eed re rg eckce  PNG.  Ensete homblei (Beqer) eem  Ensete perrieri   (ere) eem  Ensete superbum   (Rxb.) eem    Ensete ventricosum (Wew.) eem. mm me:e, ee, Ab b r P, ,Bck, Brce’ r wd bSm:  Musa ensete  Gme.,  M. ventricosa  Wew.,  M.buchananii  Bker,  M. schweinfurthii  Scm d Wrbrg ex Scm,  M. arnoldiana e Wd.,  M. holstii   Scm,  M. ulugurensis Wrbrg d Mrz ex Wrbrg,  M. fecunda S,  M. laurentii  e Wd.,  M. bagsha-wei  Rede d Gree,  M. davyae  S,  M. ruandensis e Wd.,  M. rubronervata e Wd.,  E. edule  Hr.,  E. bu-chanani  (Bker) eem,  E. schweinfurthii  (Scmd Wrbrg) eem,  E. arnoldianum (e Wd.)eem,  E. holstii  (Scm) eem,  E. ulugurense   (Wrbrg) eem,  E. fecundum (S) eem,  E.laurentii  (e Wd.) eem,  E. bagshawei  (Rede dGree) eem,  E. davyae  (S) eem,  E. ruan-dense  (e Wd.) eem,  E. rubronervatum (e Wd.)eem,  M. africana Hr.ecr: T  e m mr ece  e ge. Recg 5–7 m (16–23 ) ,  rge rgmc  e Arc ce, d rdce  rzme  ed   e d b rxme 8 mee  e  gd. Te re ‘Mre’,‘Red Ab’, r ‘Bck b’ (m  E. maurelii  ) e m cr, w e brge red mdrb, bed bew, w rc drk red e k (ee) dbckred e bde. I wer cer, embrced mr brc, m rec 3 m (10 ) g. Te eed rerge, b 18 mm dmeer x 14 mm dee (0.7  x 0.5). Irdced  Hw‘,   rre r  ger reeere.  Ensete ventricosum . photo: J. DaniElls    Species Profles or Pacifc Island Agroorestry (  Musa  Te ge  Musa ’ ceer  rg  A (rmr er d eer). A gre mber  mr re d  e ge; e  ber edbe r re em gc. I dd  r, b d rde m cre w medce, beerge, ber,edbe r r, de, e, em r ckg, crdge, wrg mer, ec. W ew exce, e mreg b re r ccrg brd mg e r bece   M. acuminata d erecc   brd bewee  M. acuminata d  M. balbisiana .  Musa xm  ced b eer cr cdge er, ce dmec, d brd rg  e ced ree (cr), d e wge m  d ewer, crrec me. Fr exme, Le bm c   M. paradisiaca (‘Frec’ )d  M. sapientum (‘Sk’) re  ed decde er ecr  wc ee me reer were recgzed   M.acuminata ×  M. balbisiana brd (ee Pr 2). e mmrzed e c (e, 2004).Hrc, r ec e bee recgzed  Musa ,AuSRALIMuSA, ALLIMuSA, MuSA   (rmer kw  uMuSA), d RHHLAMyS. Rece mecr e dce  redc  w ec, b mc rer d  reqred bere e beem  bded. Section  AuStrAlImuSA (chromosome nm-ber: x = 10) Seed bgbe r cmreed, m, re, berce r rregr ged.  e Fe‘ b, wcre mr  e Pcc. Ter rg re cmex dm e  m  ree ece,  M. lolodensis, M. ma-clayi  d  M. peekelii  . A cded  e ec   mr rce  ber, bcá (  M. textilis ).P  e AuSRALIMuSA ec re geer , w eeded r, d dce gree r greeew bd ( ree). Ter eed rcre  mr r cc re, z. eer bgbe r cmreed,m, re, berce, r rregr ged.Sec AuSRALIMuSA rge r rm New Ge d rer Qeed  e weer Pcc.Hweer,  rc cme, e Fe‘ b ebecme m bece  er c w FrecPe, were e were rred g dce ce b Pe erer  r bck  250 B(Mrqe Id) d er  ~800 A (). I2004, Mcre Fe‘ b ejed gg Pcc grcr crce. ‘Kr’, ‘u ’ d er b e bee w  c e g ee  becree (m A recrr).Fe‘ re rb  berg erec bce  br rgegd r, wc re dec d r webked r bed, eec  e ce re wed  recc crem. Add crcerc (   M. jack-eyi  ) re  “bd” remge  d e rdc reddmber  red re b e w cme er.  M. textilis (bcá r M em)  rcr mr  Pe cre, d   cer exe  merd d  Mcre,   rce  ber. Terce, k r (e embrdered) wr b F me  mr cc re we rm er r  bcá edem. I e er d  y,der  e dm  wee bcá ber  wme’ wrrd kr r  (re). Abcárdce  , egree bd.  M  . bukensis Arge  M  .  jackeyi    W. H. mm me: e Rer b. T    m rge  Nr Qeed, Ar.I gre reembe  Fe‘, w rg r k, Fe‘keb,  erm gree bd g kwrd, d“bd” . M be m w  M. maclayi  b .ailuluai.  M. lolodensis eemPbe recrr  e Fe‘ b. Ne  e WeSek reg  P New Ge d r  Ide.  M. maclayi  Me. ex Mk.Mc Pbe recrr  e Fe‘ b. Te r rerded, reed geer  g bce, d  me ree, r jed geer er.bece ailuluai Argebece maclayi  r. erecta (Smmd) Arge r. maclayi  r. namatani Arge  M. peekelii Lerb.   Pbe recrr  e Fe‘ b. A er  (>10 m [33 ]), w  bc  r ed w  rrw gree bd wc  ede, rer  recg kwrd.I gegrc rge cde P New Ge, d w d  e Pe (Pw)  1960. Ir   Banana and plantain overview  dced  Hw‘,  b c be ee  e WmeVe Adb eer, ‘.bece   angustigemma (Smmd) Arge Sm:  M  . angustigemma Smmdbece  peekelii    M. textilis Née. mm me: bcá, M em,mkd, mgd (Pe)Sm:  M. formosana H,  M. textilis Née. r. tashi-roi  HBere e de  ec exe,  M. textilis , w erce  e  e wrd’ remer ber—, k,geg, d eexred. I ber were  ber er mcred rdc c  r, cee,d ewr. I w ee  ce  me re er me. mmerc rdc w gree e Pe d er Amerc, b  w  bdered. Nce mrke w cer  rce wer m, c ce m, d ec er.Abcá   be,  , c  e AuSRALI-MuSA ec. Irdced  Hw‘ r cmmercre  e e 1800,   w rre. I c be d e Wme Ve Adb eer (‘) d N rc Bc Grde (K‘). Section CAllImuSA (chromosome nmber: x =10) Brc , rm,   e er rce, rre gc d rg mbrce we ced. Tee  rem mr  rme. M ber rg werk, r cred bd d wer, d m eed r.  M. alinsanaya Vmr,  . mm me: A I  gree bd de re er g, d  mr re “g beed” d eed.  M. beccarii Smmd T ece ber  rrw, ec, brg cre bd, w greeed brc. Fr re gree d k.  M. borneënsis Beccr  M. campestris Beccr  M. coccinea Adrew. mm Nme: Red (werg) T b, cre b, T red b, ccce,kw rc, kw b wer, red rmebSm:  Musa uranoscopos Lr.  Rm.,  Musauranoscopos Lr.  . T ece ber  rder red wer cer   M. bec-carii  , cmed  erec r  red brc, de wcre eced br ew wer. I rge, eeded rre m (c. 0.8 cm [2 ] g). Ne   dIdc. cc grw  Hw‘  cmmerc ec rm, eec  M d e d  Hw‘.  M. exotica   R. Vmr, . .A ece decrbed  2004,  M. exotica w rg ceced rm e c Pg Fre Reer, NB Prce, Vem. I   cer rge, rg bdd me wer, bew wc m ew b de e.  M. favida M. H  M. gracilis   HmA be  (<2 m [6.6 ] ), w rrw, mged gree red r, d  rg kre bd.Ne  M d Td.  M. salaccensis   Z. mm me: ee wd b  M. suratii G. . G. Arge  M. violascens Rde A r r rme , w me bd brc.cc d  Hw‘’ bc grde. Tece  e ced w  M. ornata . Section MuSA   ( ormer section) EuMuSA (chro-mosome nmber: x = 11) M ced ree (cr)  edbe b rged rm w ece   ec, M. acuminata d  M. balbisiana .  Musa acuminata .Sm:  M. chinensis Swee,  M. corniculata Krz,  M.rumphiana Krz,  M.   simiarum Krz A rbe ece w x  e bece, deedg e r (eg re decrbed ere). Rece geecde e deed wc bece were rbbere  me mr edbe cr wrdwde (eePr 2). Rece exed e ced  dg, zg, d emg  rec e mrd rm  ece,  e e  b breeder w be be dee mre—d beer—r  deere b. Bece  e creg cdece  debge d b dee, geer w creg wrd, breeder re exedg gre efr  deederbe eede b, be r grwg der  wde rge  erme cd d rrer m cr d reerece.  M. acuminata ’ e
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!