BEULS, I., VANHECKE, L., DE CUPERE, B., VERMOERE, M., VAN NEER, W. & WAELKENS, M., 2002 The predictive value of dental microwear in the assessment of caprine diet. In: Buitenhuis, H., et al. (eds.) Archaeozoology of the Near East V., Gro

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BEULS, I., VANHECKE, L., DE CUPERE, B., VERMOERE, M., VAN NEER, W. & WAELKENS, M., 2002 The predictive value of dental microwear in the assessment of caprine diet. In: Buitenhuis, H., et al. (eds.) Archaeozoology of the Near East V., Groningen:
    ARCHAEOZOOLOGY OF THE NEAR EAST V Proceedings of the fifth international symposium on the archaeozoology of southwestern Asia and adjacent areas edited by H. Buitenhuis, A.M. Choyke, M. Mashkour and A.H. Al-Shiyab ARC-Publicaties 62 Groningen, The Netherlands, 2002    Cover illustrations: Logo of the Yarmouk University, Jordan This publication is sponsored by: ARCbv and Vledderhuizen Beheer bv Copyright: ARC-bv Printing: RCG-Groningen Parts of this publications can be used by third parties if source is clearly stated Information and sales: ARCbv, Kraneweg 13, Postbus 41018, 9701 CA, Groningen, The Netherlands Tel: +31 (0)50 3687100, fax: +31 (0)50 3687199, email:, internet:  ISBN 90 – 77170 – 01– 4 NUGI 680 -430      Contents Preface Miriam Belmaker 9 Community structure changes through time: ‘Ubeidiya as a case study Rivka Rabinovich 22 Man versus carnivores in the Middle-Upper Paleolithic of the southern Levant Guy Bar-Oz and Tamar Dayan 40 Taphonomic analysis of the faunal remains from Nahal Hadera V (1973 season) Liora Kolska Horwitz and Hervé Monchot 48 Choice cuts: Hominid butchery activities at the Lower Paleolithic site of Holon, Israel Vera Eisenmann, Daniel Helmer and Maria Sañia Segui 62 The big Equus from the Geometric Kebaran of Umm el Tlel, Syria:  Equus valeriani ,  Equus capensis  or  Equus caballus Keith Dobney 74 Flying a kite at the end of the Ice Age: the possible significance of raptor remains from proto- and early Neolithic sites in the Middle East Z.A. Kafafi 85 Early farmers in Jordan: Settled zones and social organizations Denise Carruthers 93 The Dana-Faynan-Ghuwayr early Prehistory project: preliminary animal bone report on mammals from Wadi Faynan 16 A. Baadsgaard, J.C. Janetski and M. Chazan 98 Preliminary results of the Wadi Mataha (Petra Basin, Jordan) faunal analysis Cornelia Becker 112 Nothing to do with indigenous domestication? Cattle from Late PPNB Basta Lionel Gourichon 138 Bird remains from Jerf el Ahmar, A PPNA site in northern Syria with special reference to the griffon vulture ( Gyps fulvus ) Hitomi Hongo, Richard H. Meadow, Banu Öksuz and Gülçin Ilgezdi 153 The process of ungulate domestication in Prepottery Neolithic Cayönü, southeastern Turkey Danielle E. Bar-Yosef Mayer 166 The shells of the  Nawamis in southern Sinai Sumio Fujii 181 Pseudo-settlement hypothesis evidence from Qa’Abu Tulayha West in southern Jordan C.S. Phillips and C.E. Mosseri-Marlio 195 Sustaining change: The emerging picture of the Neolithic to Iron Age subsistence economy at Kalba, Sharjah Emirate, UAE Marjan Mashkour and Kamyar Abdi 211 The question of nomadic campsites in archaeology: the case of Tuwah Khoshkeh Chiara Cavallo 228 The faunal remains from the middle Assyrian “Dunnu” at Sabi Abyad, northern Syria Emmanuelle Vila 241 Les vestiges de chevilles osseuses de gazelles du secteur F à Tell Chuera (Syrie, Bronze ancien) Haskel J. Greenfield 251 Preliminary report on the faunal remains from the Early Bronze Age site of Titris Höyük in southeastern Turkey Lambert Van Es 261 The economic significance of the domestic and wild fauna in Iron Age Deir ‘Alla Louis Chaix 268 Animal exploitation at Tell El-Herr (Sinaï, Egypt) during Persian times: first results Jacqueline Studer 273 Dietary differences at Ez Zantur Petra, Jordan (1 st  century BC – AD 5 th  century) G. Forstenpointner, G. Weissengruber and A. Galik 282 Banquets at Ephesos; Archaeozoological evidence of well stratified Greek and Roman kitchen waste Bea De Cupere and Marc Waelkens 305 Draught cattle and its osteological indications: the example of Sagalassos Carole R. Cope 316 Palestinian butchering patterns: their relation to traditional marketing of meat    László Bartosiewicz 320 Pathological lesions on prehistoric animal remains from southwest Asia Ingrid Beuls, Leo Vanhecke, Bea De Cupere, Marlen Vermoere, Wim Van Neer 337 and Marc Waelkens The predictive value of dental microwear in the assessment of caprine diet    THE PREDICTIVE VALUE OF DENTAL MICROWEAR IN THE ASSESSMENT OF CAPRINE DIET Ingrid Beuls 1,2 , Leo Vanhecke 3 , Bea De Cupere 4 , Marleen Vermoere 5 , Wim Van Neer 4,1 , Marc Waelkens 1 Abstract Over the last decades, much progress has ben achieved in the field of dietary reconstructional studies, not least in the use of the analysis of microscopic defects or microwear present on tooth surfaces. This technique is comparative in nature in that it is based on the characterisation (qualitative and/or quantitative) of the microwear patterns found in recent animals with known diets to infer data on the diet of archaeological animals. In 1996, based on previous archaeozoological findings in the classical city of Sagalassos (Burdur Province, Turkey), an experimental study was set up to gain a more detailed insight in the former use and management of caprines. Dental microwear studies were used to detect patterns in the dietary intake of the modern caprines but a secondary aim was to discover the resolution boundaries of the technique. In June ‘96, February and August ’97, and May and August ’98, herds of sheep and goats were observed and the dietary intake of selected animals noted. The resulting microwear patterns present on a shearing facet of the right mandibular first molar were analysed qualita-tively. Results of this analysis are presented and the implications for the analysis of archaeological teeth are discussed. Résumé Depuis les dernières decennies, les études dans le domaine de la reconstitution de la diète ont beaucoup progressé et pas dans les moindre en utilisant les analyses des défauts microscopiques ou encore la micro-usure présent sur la surface des dents. Cette technique est comparative car elle est fondée sur la caractérisation (qualitative et/ou quantitative) des schémas de la micro-usure chez les animaux actuels avec une alimentation connue, en vue d’une application sur les animaux archéologiques. En 1996, une étude expérimentale a été mise au point sur la base des vestiges archéozoologiques récoltés auparavant dans la cté classique de Sagalassos (Burdur Province, Turkey), afin d’acquérir connaissance plus détaillée des modes d’exploitation et de gestion des caprinés. Les micro-usures dentaires ont été utilisées pour détecter les schémas de consommation des caprinés modernes, mais le second but de ce travail était de mettre en évidence les limites de la technique. En Juin 1996, février et août 1997 et mai et août 1998 des troupeaux de moutons et de chèvre ont été observé et la consom-mation d’animaux séléctionnés enregistré. Les schémas des micro-usures résultant de cette consommation ont ensuite été analysé qualitativement sur une surface de friction de la première molaire inférieure droite. Le résultat des analyses est présentée ici et les implications pour l’étude des dents archéozoologiques sont discutées. Keywords: Dietary reconstruction, Caprines, Dental microwear, Qualitative Mots Clés: Reconstitution de la diète, Caprinés, Micro-usure dentaire, Qualitative Introduction Faunal assemblages in the Near East, from the Neolithic onwards, usually comprise large numbers of sheep and goat remains. This is also the case at Sagalassos, a Roman-Byzantine city situated about 7 km north of the small village of A ğ lasun in the Province of Burdur (Turkey). From the onset of exca-vations in 1990 about 300,000 bones were examined. A preponderance of caprine material (41.4 % of the total number of identified bones) was observed (De Cupere, 2001). The importance of these caprines in the subsistence of villages and cities poses the question of their management and use in those settlements. A possible way to approach this type of problem is to try to determine the dietary pattern of the animals through a study of dental microwear. Dietary patterns tell a lot about feeding habits, and consequently also on the management of the animals. Thanks to their structure and durability, teeth represent about 14% of the total caprine material identified in Sagalas-sos (De Cupere, 2001). Dental microwear has been used extensively over the past decades in the study of dietary or even non-dietary marks on occlusal and non-occlusal surfaces of teeth of various species 1  Catholic University Leuven, Blijde Inkomststraat 21, 3000 Leuven, Belgium 2  Catholic University Leuven, CH. De Bériotstraat 32, 3000 Leuven, Belgium 3  National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Domein van Bouchout, 1860 Meise, Belgium 4  Royal Museum of Central Africa, Leuvensesteenweg 13, 3080 Tervuren, Belgium 5  Catholic University Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
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