Biography of Nitun Kundu

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Biography of Nitun Kundu
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  1 | Page   INTRODUCTION   Artist Nitun Kundu, was not merely a visual artist but also an exceptional character in the society of artists. We saw in him a combination of artist, engineer, architect and a patriotic soul. There is only one Nitun Kundu who, we are sure, shall be remembered for his invaluable, unique works.  Nitun Kundu proved his brilliance when he was a student of the Art College. He was appreciated  by his teachers as his works were widely discussed on the campus. He was adjudged the best student at the end of his college life  —   an accomplishment which showed the foundation of his learning and dedication to work. He was the embodiment of a talent who rose from a humble background, coming from Dinajpur, almost as an unemployed youth. He became a disciple of Subhash Dutta (subsequently a famous cinema director) and learned how to paint banners for movies. In Dhaka, that was Nitun Kundu‘s livelihood as he struggled to continue his studies. He stood first class first in the final examinations. He wanted to become a teacher but could not fulfill his dream due to communal attitude of the erstwhile Pakistan government. At that time, a lot of professionals migrated to India on communal grounds but Nitun Kundu declined to do so. He said to his friends: ―I will stay here and see what happens.‖  In fact, he established himself as a creative entrepreneur. Today, Nitun Kundu is well known for his accomplishments, and his institution, Otobi, is a household name in brand furniture. Still, the path of success was not a smooth one. Artist Nitun Kundu earned a reputation for  painting, drawing and illustration. His works bore marks of his creative distinction. He was the  pioneer in developing quality designs on crests and trophies, which is a thriving business nowadays. The trophies and crests of official awards of the government bear the aesthetic sense of Nitun Kundu.    2 | Page   METHODOLOGY Data Collection Method- The study is the outcome of mainly secondary data which were collected from- 1.   Several reliable reports, journals and annual publications. 2.   Wikipedia, many local & international magazines. 3.   Some data collected from previously done research papers and study work by scholars. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY Our main objective is to get inspiration to be an entrepreneur in future after knowing the successful history of a prominent entrepreneur. The secondary objective is to -   Enrich our knowledge about the most successful entrepreneur of our country. -   To know about the organizations he initiated. -   To know the ideologies of a successful entrepreneur.  3 | Page    Nitya Gopal Kundu (Nitun Kundu)   He started business on a small workshop in a tin-shed at Topkhana Road in February 1977 and named it ―Art in Craft‖. After 35 year it stands to OTOBI and controls about 80% of the country's branded furniture market.   The true spirit of creativity and leadership never dies. Nitun Kundu's story was of one man's interminable desire to be the best of who he was and contribute via means of what he truly loved sculpting and painting.  Nitun Kundu's versatility as a creative individual can be seen in his works placed in various parts of the capital and the country. His vision of a Bangladesh that knows no bounds can be felt in all that he created. His work as an artist, sculptor and a successful entrepreneur has been substantial. For Nitun Kundu triumph was inevitable that is what he had nurtured during his life and instilled in those around him. During Bangladesh's struggle to  become a sovereign nation in 1971, Mr. Kundu's involvement in the liberation war took the form of  posters, banners and slogans encouraging our fighters to free Bangladesh from the clutches of Pakistan. He was also well known for his furniture designs, pioneering the use of integrating wood with metal in Bangladesh.  4 | Page   Nitun Kundu  (full name: Nitya Gopal Kundu ) born in December 3, 1935 was a Bangladeshi artist, sculptor and entrepreneur, who was known for bringing new trends in abstract and realistic art to the Bangladeshi arts scene. He was not only a famous artist but also a dynamic designer, ardent  painter, freedom fighter as well as a successful entrepreneur. By born he was creative minded and in this consequence, after completing his school matriculation, he get admitted Fine Arts Institute of Dhaka University in the department of  painting. The diligent and dedicated Kundu passed a measurable time in his student life, so his professors loved him and excused him to take leave to earn extra money by painting movie posters .  Nitun Kundu was born in a lower middle class family at Barobandar, Dinajpur. He was the fourth among seven children. His parents were Gnanendranath Kundu and Binapani Kundu. He was married to Phalguni Kundu and had a daughter Amity and son Animesh. The young Kundu never lamented on his financial situation; rather became determined to do something creative through the inspiration of Zainul Abedin, Quamrul Hassan and Abonindo Thakur  .    5 | Page   He was a widely respected cultural figure, businessman and hero of the Bangladesh Liberation War for his artistic contributions, and received a State funeral that was attended by a cross-section of civil society and government. Kundu graduated from Dhaka Art College (now the Institute of Fine Arts) in 1959, topping the entire class that year. In the years leading up to 1971, he worked at the USIS in Dhaka. He wished to join as a faculty member of Fine Arts Institute but he took up the position of Chief Designer for cultural activities in the United States Information Service (USIS). During the Bangladesh Liberation War, Kundu worked with the celebrated artist Quamrul Hassan at the public relations department of the Bangladesh Government-in-Exile at Mujibnagar. In collaboration with Hassan and a group of highly talented artists namely Debdas Chakraborty,  Nasir Biswas, Pranesh Mandal and Biren Shome; Kundu worked on numerous posters and works of art aimed at arousing the newly formed Mukti Bahini liberation army and also raising awareness of the genocide being unleashed by the Pakistan Army on the people of Bangladesh. It was during this period he designed two posters which became among the most recognized works of art produced during the war. The first was a call to arms at a stage when the Mukti Bahini was still desperately seeking volunteers to join its ranks. Sada Jagrata Banglar Mukti  Bahini . The second has become a rallying cry for progressive activists all over Bangladesh right through to today, particularly in face of rising communal tensions:  Banglar Hindu, Banglar  Bouddha, Banglar Christian, Banglar Musalman; Amra Sabai Bangali . The Liberation War was the inspiration for Kundu's most famous work, the sculpture Shabash  Bangladesh , a tribute to the fallen freedom fighters of the Mukti Bahini. This is the largest sculpture in Bangladesh and is situated on the campus of Rajshahi University. SAARC Foundation at Karwanbazar His famous works are  –       Sada Jagrata Banglar Muktibahini (poster)    Amra Sabai Bangali (poster)    Banglar Bir Muktijoddha (poster)    SAARC Fountain at Karwan Bazar, Dhaka    Fountain, Dhaka High Court, Dhaka
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