Characterizing Learner Texts

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The purpose of this study is to arrive at a mechanism to characterize successful spoken learner texts at the upper intermediate and advanced level. This information will help provide feedback to the learner and for instructors/ curriculum planners. . Characterizing Learner Texts.
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The purpose of this study is to arrive at a mechanism to characterize successful spoken learner texts at the upper intermediate and advanced level. This information will help provide feedback to the learner and for instructors/ curriculum planners. Characterizing Learner TextsInitial CAST Research: a pilot study of 16 advanced EFL studentsM. Trevor Shanklin, Ph.D.The CASThttp://cast.sdsu.eduInternet-based speaking proficiency exam in 9 languagesGrid for Selecting ItemsFunction -- sevenContent -- twelvePilot Study with 16 Advanced EFL Students
  • Files saved as .wav files through Quick Time Pro
  • Transcribed with Dragon Naturally Speaking
  • ? – Accuracy for Learner Language
  • ? – Use with Foreign Languages
  • MethodologyAutomatic Speech RecognitionDragon Naturally SpeakingVoice Recognition SoftwareDirect Coding of Audio Files
  • Cases of Individuals
  • Sets of Functions and Content
  • Transcription Tool
  • MethodologyImported into Nvivo 8.0Duration
  • Past vs. Present Tense
  • Subordination
  • Word Count
  • Token/Type Ratio
  • Word Length
  • MethodologyImported into Nvivo 8.0DurationAv = 1.43Word CountDescribe in Present Time/ TransportationSituation:You have just arrived at the airport of your destination. Your luggage is not in the baggage claim area. You speak with a service representative who tells you the luggage has been lost. The representative asks you to describe your luggage and its contents in detail so that the airline can reimburse you.Prompt:I need a description of every item in your luggage.Student Files for YmtqVEYmtqVE.htmWord Count: NVivo 8.0Word Length, page 1 of 4Word Count: NVivo 8.0Word Length, page 4 of 4Dragon’s Takeand analyst who heads at the hit factory andSamsonite and it's very scary and it's fun that is not in that it can something small that I can carry you and their Arab word L. hundred and Kerry tied at three Sally maybe you can recognize that not even out at him everything inside that I'm not important thing that the fabric clouds like Kerry and Jean Hewitt that I can on their say that I can write in and in and out of the street and I'll try to come back at a hot hunk and that is really weird because I don't like Britney and South are damaged by some really neat that really one that drives it and might not even that mean it's not important for you straight and not in print that were in work and in his landscapes are like clouds and Mike Hunter and Mike Roche is that most classes at night and brought him that from happening and that name is hot in that and I'll stop in a name tag and name tagthere is my nameand my name is taking up a little recognize that there is also an actor-and also rot under a desk that was James Clausen and that she is jealous of really one thatSamsonite had an island thatUse of Past Tense in PNUse of Present Tense in DPrPast + PresentUse of Past Tense in Past NarrativeVsPresent Tense in Present DescriptionPast Narrative
  • TASK: narrate in the past
  • Situation: You and a group of friends are talking about cell phones and how much you depend on them. One of your friends reminds you that people haven't always had cell phones. She asks you to talk about how life was different before there were cell phones.
  • Prompt: So, how did we all get along before we had cell phones?
  • Past Narrative: JbpGeIYeah life is life is a quite different from people have we have phones and we don’t have phones. Before we don’t have phones. People can they don’t know lots of information. They can’t get some information. {We} assume they need to wait for others to tell them. To gain information from others by {hosting} by byby delivering. or Just by [?] just by [?] to talk about each other. Long distance. To talk about that time that place. But when we when people when we gather. When we have cell phones in our life. Life become more easier. And also People can People have a very enjoyable life. As a time. And Also Like when you when you are have some emergency. You should you contact with your friends or parents. You can you can call them immediately… (354 words)NVivo 8.0Coding Audio File DirectlyInformation Commented on in MemoThe Next Step: Arabic3 Participants in LARC Distinguished Arabic Program, Summer 2008
  • Lexical Specificity
  • Word Count
  • Type/Token
  • Dialect vs. MSA
  • Use of Causal Subordination
  • Features associated with reduced complexity (1-6) and increased complexity (7-33),
  • Five dimensions: features that correlate with those found in various registers.
  • 14 spoken and written registers.
  • 27 -- causative adverb subordination -- clusters with ‘framing elaboration’.
  • =conversations, interviews and personal letters and spontaneous speakers , among others.
  • ≠‘reference elaboration’, where official documents, academic prose and professional letters correlate very highly.
  • Biber 1992: GOLD at CALPERReflective TeachingThe Computerized Assessment of Proficiency (CAP) is based on benchmarks consistent with the ACTFL Performance Guidelines, which foster a more consistent learning environment from one classroom, school, or district to the next. Designed to be independent of specific textbook or curriculum, CAP is intended to facilitate reflective teaching and staff development. CASLS: University of OregonWord Specificity in MSALexical VariationEgyptian Dialect: CinemaComparison of Two SpeakersRecommendations
  • Fix algorithm to track content areas given to students so no content area is duplicated
  • Ensure every grid is filled with one representative item.
  • Workshops on assessment as tool for reflective teaching.
  • Distinguished ArabicSpeaker 1 (MSA)Speaker 3 (Egyptian)Speaker 2 (MSA)Conclusions
  • Apply procedures to MSA, Iraqi, Egyptian, and Persian:
  • Range of vocabulary and word complexity
  • Grammar of past narration
  • 2) Syntactic complexity:
  • Degree of embededness
  • Noun/verb ratio (automatic tagging?)
  • Conclusions3) Teacher Training with IB Program:
  • Spanish
  • French
  • Indonesian
  • Chinese
  • Thanks for attending Feedback: shanklin@mail.sdsu.edu
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