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  EFFECTS OF THE APPEARANCE AND TASTE OF MEDICINES IN THE INTAKE OF CHILDREN AGES 5-7 IN BENEDICTINE INSTITUTE OF LEARNING S.Y. 2018- 2019 Tapawan, Kaori Beatrix S. Nartea, Chzarina Joyce S. Resurreccion, Liane Claire A. Gonzales, Geneva Rose C. Quizon, Raymar Rubio, Nehemiah Joshua C. STEM Benedictine Institute of Learning City of Imus, Cavite  April 2019  CHAPTER I   INTRODUCTION Background For the purpose in this study, giving medicine to children is a struggle for their parents and guardians. In the early age of a child, most of them refuse to take their medicine because of flavors that seems unpleasantto them, also the shape and the color that can really trigger the child to dislike the medicine. The controversy of discordance may affect child’s reco very time,it may become slower and may worsened. Our motive is to know if the form of a medicine is one of the reasons why children refuse to take medication. Difficulty of swallowing tablets or capsules can be a problem in many individuals, especially in children. We aim to know the reasons drugs are commonly in oval or round shape. How it gives a role in medicine intake. To know what the child prefers more in tablets and syrup. It is quite challenging because a child that is being forced to take their medicine can lead to vomiting or choking. As it may worsen to know the behavior of the child from the latter’s medication. This study aims to widen our knowledge to those issues. The size and shape of the medicine such as tablets and capsules affect the transit of the product through the pharynx and esophagus and may directly affect a patient’s ability to swallow a pharmaceutical drug product. Larger tablets and capsules have been shown to have a prolonged esophageal transit time. This can lead to disintegration of the product in the esophagus and can cause injury to the esophagus, resulting in pain and localized esophagitis and the potential for serious sequelae.    We will conduct this research because we want to know the children’s response in medicine’s characteristics. Understanding how the parent/guardian maketheir child to take its prescribed medication and to inform the child’s benefit with it.   PROBLEMS AND OBJECTIVES STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: 1. Why does the same medication sometimes come in different sizes or color? 2. Can colored pills help the patients/children take their medication? 3. Does the taste of the pills can affect their medication? OBJECTIVES:  The objectives of this research are to widen our knowledge about medicine intakes of a child. We desire to improve the understanding of guardians/ parents to their child when it comes to the children’s response.  Specific objectives:   To know if the children is taking their medication properly.   To widen our knowledge about children's medication intakes.   To help parents cope up with response in children's cooperation by taking their medicine.   To gain knowledge to deal to different behaviors of children when reacting to the appearance of medicines.   The problems in taking medicine:   Resisting of the child in taking medicine.   Their perception in taking medicine is limited to what they know about the sense of taste, smell and appearance. The effect of the appearance and taste of the medicine may scare the child in taking the medicine; however, having a good technique can have a positive reaction in the child. A child that feels more frustrated, the more it resists. For the child, she/he needs to understand why they need to take the medicine and how it would help them. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY This study is limited on the selected parents or guardians of pupils of Benedictine Institute of Learning S.Y 2018-2019 ranging from ages 5-7 years old. The focus of the study will be the children’s response to the appearance and taste of the medicine given by their parents/guardians. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The findings of this study aims to recognize how the appearance and taste of a medicine affects the medicine intakes of a child. It targets to gain information and facts about medicine intakes of a child inorderto help parents/guardians make their child take
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