Native Americans

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Native Americans. Arrangement . American Indians way of life. Indian relations. Indian literature. American Indians way of life ( Everyday life ). Men had fishing and hunting parties
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Native AmericansArrangement American Indians wayoflifeIndian relationsIndian literatureAmerican Indians wayoflife(Everydaylife)
  • Men had fishing and hunting parties
  • They enjoyed hours of leisure time filled with athletic contest , gambing , and other games and pursuits
  • Families , clans , and tribes made localized decisions in the absence of the cheif or head authority
  • Housingtype ofhousingdepended on availablebuildingmaterials in the different areas…Native Americans - Catering
  • Native Americans relied on agriculture , hunting , and gathering.
  • The women supervised the farming of vegetables such as : maize(com),beans,squash,pumpkins, and other crops.
  • They also gathered fruits,nuts, and roots
  • Native AmericansandBuffalosNative Americansusednearlyeverypartofthe Buffalo.Sinew (=>bowstrings)Meat (=> diet)Skull (=> used in rituals)Fat (=>candles, soap)Horns (=> bowls , spoons,)Bones(=>tools, knifes , sledrunners , …)Hoofs ( =>Glue)Hides (=> clothes , teepes , drums , …)Indian Relations
  • In the 1490s European exploration started , at this time Indians were living all over North America.
  • The societieswere diverse andhavelonghistory.
  • The Aztec Empire was thelargest Native American civilizationwithmillionsofpeopleliving in whatisnow Mexico.
  • Native AmericanslivedhereforthousandsofyearsbeforetheEuropeansarrived.
  • First interactionsbetweenEuropeansand Indians
  • First interactions largely involved trading near various harbors and rivers of North America
  • Europeans established colonies on the shores and Indians became curious.
  • How Indians andEuropeansbenefitfromeachother
  • Europeans relied on the Indians to teach them :
  • - survival skills - How to make canoes - shelters and homes - How to make clothes from buckskin - Farming and crops
  • Indians aquired the following from Europeans :
  • - firearms - textiles - and steel toolsThe deadlyimpact on the Native Americans
  • Indians outnumbered Europeans by alot ; In the 1600s the Indians population was from 10.000 to 100.000 people.
  • The europeans unwithingly exposed them to disease to which they had no immunity to.
  • Small pox was the worst disease and sometimes killed of whole villages
  • The Indians who survived were forced to vacate their land and homes because the Europeans didn´t need their guidance and friendship anymore.
  • The Indians were forced to the West.
  • Indian literature (story telling)
  • North American Natives didn’t often write poetry
  • Their languages varied from tribe to tribe
  • Most chants had meaning
  • Meanings could be: Making crops grow, inspiring a deer hunt, healing a sick leader, gaining a victory, or a religious ceremony
  • Meanings depended on the tribes
  • Examples
  • Delaware: based on pictures and religion
  • Navajo: based on crop growth and weather patterns
  • Ojibwa/ Chippewa: based on close relations through nature and describing nature
  • Literary Devices
  • Repetitions
  • Enumeration
  • Incremental Development
  • Ritual beginnings and endings
  • Specific structure( Pima, Papago)
  • Intro: Harmony
  • Thesis: One or more instances of disruption
  • Antithesis: measures are taken to overcome disruption
  • Conclusion: restored harmony after cycles of four or some power of four
  • Basic Construction
  • Functions
  • Beliefs
  • About:
  • Nature of the physical world
  • Social order and appropriate behavior
  • Human nature and the problem of good vs. evil
  • Myths
  • Primal world
  • Beings are animal spirits in more or less human form: monsters, confusions of nature
  • Mythic age flows into age of transformation
  • Basic Construction ( Cont.)
  • Functions ( cont.)
  • Deities of cultures
  • Culture hero, transformer orders the world
  • Culture hero turns animal people into animals
  • Other beings become landmarks
  • Flows into historical time
  • Basic Construction (cont. 2)
  • Main Characters
  • Culture Heroes
  • Dramatize protypical events and behaviors
  • Show how to do what is right and how we become who we are
  • Shape the world
  • Often a divine birth
  • Basic Construction ( cont. 3)
  • Trickster
  • Provide disorder and change
  • Enable us to see the rough side of life
  • Provide the possibility of change
  • May be overachievers who get the comeuppance
  • Basic Construction ( cont. 4)
  • Themes
  • Formation of the world
  • Movement from heaven to the water realm
  • Fortunate fall; creation story
  • Earth-diver myth
  • Sources
  • Elements of Literature
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