Rumar (Rehab Management)

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Rehabilitation Management on Earthquake The past decade has shown an increase in the severity of natural disasters especially in terms of earthquakes. These disasters are outlined to have massive destructions all through the years. With the established and anticipated disaster programs, communities can prepare and recover faster, however, never underestimate any adversity and be well equipped. Preparing mitigation and rehabilitation to provide awareness is essential to implement, may be simple
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  Rehabilitation Management on EarthquakeThe past decade has shown an increase in the severity of natural disasters especially in terms of earthquakes. These disasters are outlined to have massive destructions all through the years. With theestablished and anticipated disaster programs, communities can prepare and recover faster, however,never underestimate any adversity and be well equipped. Preparing mitigation and rehabilitation toprovide awareness is essential to implement, may be simple but helpful things to do during aphenomenon.Before an earthquake, consider checking for hazards inside the house; identifying safe places ineach room of the house; locating safe places outdoors; ensuring all family members have knowledge inresponding to an earthquake, storing disaster supplies; and most of all, praying for safety.After the Disaster, prepare for aftershocks; help injured or trapped persons; and give first aidwhere appropriate. Listen to information through preferred or available means. Stay out of damagedbuildings and return home only when authorities declare it is safe.The success of individual rehabilitation depends heavily on how the person reintegrates intosociety. Reintegration is dependent partly on the adequacy of the physical rehabilitation and partly onthe patients and their support system .Although many patients, especially women, participated activelyin their family mostly due to their feeling of responsibility and fear of separation from their husbands,there was little to facilitate their broader reintegration into society.In developing countries, the disabled are not generally rejected from the family and community,but on the other hand, independence is not a general goal of rehabilitation .The psychological impact of disasters extends beyond dealing with death and disability, and the barriers to rehabilitation are many.Massive disasters leave deep scars on the local community, and the people with disabilities are oftenfaced with losing their homes and properties, in addition to some of their abilities. There is a great need  for broad psychological support, and even the simple presence of the knowledgeable professional givesthe people hope and courage.Rehabilitation can only be effective if properly combined with social, cultural, religious, andeconomic considerations. Ignorance of such regional factors will result in improper, insufficient, orneedless health aid, wasted resources, and sometimes even harmful measures. Presenting differentprofessional viewpoints can be useful, but lack of familiarity with cultural aspects and the inability toeffectively communicate with the patients were two major problems with the temporary personnel whoassisted in the region. Educating local personnel to provide rehabilitation services would result in better,faster care at lower costs and for longer terms. Rehabilitation is deeply related to the patient's everydaylife and culture; even local personnel are much more effective than the staff recruited from other partsof the country.The rehabilitation process is not an exception on ethical dilemmas frequently encounteredduring disaster management. The most difficult aspect of working in the area was the ethical problemsencountered. Challenges associated with allocating facilities and resources to people with differentkinds of disabilities and rehabilitation needs in the face of time, personnel, and equipment shortagespresented everyone with ethical dilemmas without the benefit of training and guidance in how to makedecisions in disaster situations. It seems that a guideline must be developed by disaster managementexperts that can be used in decision making during these situations.Research is needed for proper decision making and in gaining experience for future aid. Resultsof disaster research provide informed advice about the probable health effects of future disasters,establish priorities for action by emergency medical services, and emphasize the need for accurateinformation as the basis for relief management decisions .Lack of time, personnel, and equipment, onthe other hand, makes research during a disaster difficult to conduct. The research we performed on SCIpatients 8 months after the disaster involved concurrent data collection and patient education andaddressed the educational needs of the staff of community-based rehabilitation programs.The large number of affected patients obliged us to deliver some part of the responsibility of management to patients' families and other health care workers. Even brief education regarding  essential needs and problems delivered to patients in physical therapy clinics and also in tents andtemporary houses can be helpful. Patients, especially some of the women, were very avid in learningabout their disabilities. This encouraged me to prepare booklets for people with SCI and those with limbamputations. Because there was no rehabilitation nursing education and general practitioners lackedfamiliarity with disabilities, I decided to set up an educational program on SCI. Although it was only 3days long and there was little access to educational equipment, it was useful, as the results showedseveral months later. I focused on training local providers, because NGOs and other volunteer personseventually leave. One major problem was lack of audiovisual educational material for patients and evenhealth care workers.The first hours after the disaster are the most important time for rescue of the casualties .andoutside medical assistance usually arrives too late for immediate care, that is, after local health serviceshave already provided emergency medical assistance .Some studies suggest that initial emergencymedical needs are best met by local providers. Each disaster is an opportunity to learn how to facefuture inevitable disasters.. It also magnifies the health problems of the community that may not havebeen considered seriously under usual conditions. Considering the potential frequency of disasters andthe large numbers of disabled, it appears that the rehabilitation specialists' major responsibility is tofocus on education at different levels in the general and professional population and on theestablishment of links with other specialty groups for developing the concept of rehabilitation.The general population, especially in high-risk regions, must be trained in first aid, including theproper techniques for extricating and handling patients for prevention of further disabilities (eg, SCI).Organizations that have direct responsibility in such conditions must also train their personnel in themeasures of disability prevention and managing disabled persons. The nurses and general practitionersmust also be familiar with not only emergency interventions but also long-term management of disabilities. Because the number of disabled patients is high, there is a need for general practitionerswho work in the region to be trained in such subjects as SCI medicine.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2031928/ 
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