Scholarly Publishing in China: Overview and Opportunities

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Scholarly Publishing in China: Overview and OpportunitiesDr. LifangXuPublishing Science Department, School of Information Management, Wuhan University, ChinaMary…
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Scholarly Publishing in China: Overview and OpportunitiesDr. LifangXuPublishing Science Department, School of Information Management, Wuhan University, ChinaMary Elizabeth Wood (August 22, 1861 – May 1, 1931) was an American librarian and missionary, best known for her work in promoting Western librarianship practices and programs in China. She is credited with the foundation of the first library school in China, the Boone Library School, as well as spurring the development of Chinese librarianship as a modern profession.Publishing Science DepartmentBoone Library School(1929)Library Science Program(1920) R&D as a BackgroundSources of Funding for Research in China
  • National Level ↓
  • National Social Sciences Fund, since 1991, 21 areas
  • National Natural Science Fund, since1982,7 fields
  • There are two kinds of funds in this foundation, one for projects and the other for talents
  • National Key Technology R&D Program
  • National High-Tech R&D Program of China (863 Program)
  • 1986~2005, ¥30 Billion
  • National Key Basic Research Program (NKBRP, 973 Program)
  • Torch Program
  • Ministerial Level ↓
  • Project of Chinese Ministry of Education
  • Project of Ministry of Agriculture
  • Project of Ministry of Health
  • ……
  • Local Level ↓
  • Provincial projects
  • Municipal projects
  • University projects
  • ……
  • Horizontal projects →
  • Enterprise projects
  • International coordination projects
  • ……
  • Fig. 1 R&D Funding Sources in China(%)Fig 3. Six Countries’ R&D Expenditure(million dollars)Source: China Main Science and Technology Indicator Database(OECD data). http://www.sts.org.cn/tjbg/zhqk/documents/2012/201303282.htmFig. 4 Eleven Countries’ R&D Expenditure (% of GDP)Source: China Main Science and Technology Indicator Database. http://www.sts.org.cn/kjnew/maintitle/Rdnc.asp?Mainq=1&Subq=5&Sele=(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,)&One AmericanResearcherSource: Yasheng, Huang.What led to a low efficiency for Chinese research[J]. Entreprenur, 2009(11): 138Five Chinese ResearchersLow efficiency!Source: Huping, Shang, et al.Public Finance Efficiency of Chinese Scientific Research[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2009(11): 1475, 1476-1487DIISRNSFCSSFC¥14248/paper¥20994/paper¥5472/paper3.8 times2.6 timesResearch Outputs as a Background According to the statistics from ISTIC (Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China)Chinese institutions as the first authors’ affiliations:
  • In 2011, 143 600 internationally published papers; 29.8%, citations above subject areas’ average citations, increased 10.1% over 2010.
  • In 2011, 530 000 domestically published papers; 29.8%, citations above subject areas’ average citations, increased 10.1% over 2010.
  • 134 journals was indexed by SCI, increase 6 titles over the earlier year; 211 journals was indexed by EI; 102 BY Medline; 738 in Scopus.
  • 2002~2011, 1 022 600 internationally published papers, ranked No. 2; cited 6 653 400 times, ranked No.6, 6.51/paper, grow 4.8% over the previous year.
  • 2002~2011, the average impact factor of domestic journals is 0.454, CAGA (Compound annual growth rate) is 13.9%
  • Chinese Scholarly Publishing Overview: some features
  • Chinese STM journal publishers are usually very small. There are no such thing like “800-pound gorilla” in the arena.
  • 10,000 titles of books/ year
  • 300 STM Journals
  • Chinese publishing houses paid more attention to books/monographs.
  • Societies/ associations, universities/ colleges, government agencies, non-for-profit, esp. before 2012
  • From the economic perspective, Chinese STM Journal publishing is insignificant.
  • Another three features Very low STM journal prices in China
  • Few publishers could control the market and raise the subscription fees.
  • Fostered “ Big 3” digital STM journal aggregators since mid-1990s in China
  • CNKI.com(National Knowledge Infrastructure), 8000 titles, (1915-)
  • Wanfangdata.com, >7000 titles (1998- )
  • cqvip.com, 12000 titles
  • Head of editorial departmentEditor-in-chiefEditorsPeer expertsCopy editing1 2 3
  • ‘three-level Review’ instead of “peer review”
  • Fig. 1 The ‘three-level Review’ System for Academic Journals in ChinaSource: Fang Qing, Xu Lifang, Lian Xiaochuan. Peer-Review Practice and Research of Academic Journals in China. Journal of Scholarly Publishing, 2008, Vol.39 No. 4: 417-427. Trends of Chinese Scholarly Publishing
  • Market– oriented Reform
  • Charging Article Publishing Fees
  • Raising Prices of Academic Books
  • Depending on Academic Publishing Funds
  • Internalization
  • Internationalization of Editors and Editorial Boards
  • Establish Publishing Workflows Centered around Peer-review
  • Internationalizing Journals’ Content and Form
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