Standard Grade Home Economics Individuals have varying dietary needs !!!

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Standard Grade Home Economics Individuals have varying dietary needs !!!. Age Body size Genetics Sex Health Activity Income. Factors affecting food choice. Breast Milk advised Right amount Correct temperature and consistency Easy to digest Free !!!
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Standard Grade Home EconomicsIndividuals have varying dietary needs !!!Age Body sizeGeneticsSexHealthActivityIncomeFactors affecting food choiceBreast Milk advisedRight amountCorrect temperature and consistencyEasy to digestFree !!!Antibodies-protects babies immune systemNo risk of contaminationHelps mother and baby bond.Weaning4-6monthsMilk SolidsBabyInfants (1-3 yrs old)
  • DO NOT FOLLOW HEALTHY EATING ADVICE !!!
  • Eat little and often
  • Energy Fat
  • Sugar Salt
  • Dietary fibre, Protein, Calcium
  • Vitamins and Minerals
  • CAN NOW FOLLOW HEALTHY EATING GUIDELINESEating habits develop (good and bad – can lead to future health problems).Healthy eating + ActivityNutrients:Protein, CHO, Calcium,Iron Primary School ChildrenBoysMajor growth spurtBodily changesIncrease in Muscles Protein + EnergyGirlsGrowth SpurtBodily changesMenstruationIron, Calcium, Protein, EnergyAdolescence (12-18 years old).No rapid growth spurts – Nutrients needed for maintenance and repair. 19-50 year oldMen – 2550KcalsWomen – 1940KcalsHealthy diet very importantAdultsElderly People
  • Number of Elderly people in UK increasing. Less Active Energy.
  • Nutrient dense food – no cakes or sweets.
  • Constipation - NSP
  • Anaemia - Iron and Vitamin C
  • Bone disorders - Calcium, Vit D & Phosphorus (Osteoporosis)
  • Digestive Disorders – False Teeth
  • Two TypesLactoVeganReligion, Moral Issues, Health, Taste, Peer Pressure.WatchIronVit B12Dietary FibreCalciumLBV HBVVegetariansNutrients to include in dietProteinCalciumIronFolic AcidDietary fibreOther concerns:Soft Cheese, Pate, Raw eggs, Soft Ice Cream (Listeria & Salmonella bacteria)WeightConstipationPregnancyEating for two?No – only an extra 500Kcals a dayTHE BALANCE OF GOOD HEALTH DOES NOT APPLY.Malnutrition exist in hospitals.Increase requirements for:Energy, Protein, Calcium, Iron, VitC, D and A to help repair body tissues. ConvalescentsIndividuals have varying dietary needs !!!
  • Think about people you know
  • Which category do they fall into?
  • What about yourself?
  • Look Good Feel Great!!!
  • DRV
  • Dietary Reference Values
  • The estimated amount of nutrients and energy required by different people groups.EAR
  • Estimated Average Requirement
  • An estimate of the amount of energy in particular required by individualsLNRI
  • RNI – Reference Nutrient Intakes
  • Lower Reference Nutrient Intakes
  • RNI’s are the amount of protein, vitamins and minerals required by individuals. The ‘Lower’ refers to the lowest level which is still enough.Questions in SG Home Economics
  • Attempt questions as directed by teacher
  • Answers in notebook
  • Homework
  • Write down ingredients for Mini Pizza – explain how this meal would suit dietary needs of an infant.
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