The International Telecommunication Union

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The International Telecommunication Union (Union internationale des télécommunications, in French) is the specialized agency of the United Nations which is responsible for information and communication technologies. ITU coordinates the shared global use of the radio spectrum, promotes international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world and establishes worldwide standards. ITU also organizes worldwide and regional exhi
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  The International Telecommunication Union ( Union internationale des télécommunications , inFrench) is the specialized agency of theUnited Nationswhich is responsible forinformation and communication technologies.ITU coordinates the shared global use of theradio spectrum,  promotes international cooperation in assigningsatellite orbits,works to improvetelecommunication infrastructure in the developing world and establishes worldwidestandards. ITU also organizes worldwide and regional exhibitions and forums, such as ITU TELECOMWORLD, bringing together representatives of government and the telecommunications and ICTindustry to exchange ideas, knowledge and technology.The ITU is active in areas including broadband Internet, latest-generation wireless technologies,aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology,convergence in fixed-mobile phone, Internet access, data, voice, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks.ITU is based in Geneva, Switzerland, is a member of theUnited Nations Development Group [1]  and its membership includes 192 Member States and around 700 Sector Members andAssociates.The United Nations maintains an International Telecommunication Union (ITU), whichhas three functions — to maintain and extend international cooperation for the improvementand rational use of telecommunication, to promote the development and efficient use of technical facilities, and to harmonize the actions of nations.The ITU's missionThe ITU's mission is to enable the growth and sustained development of telecommunications and information networks, and to facilitate universal access so that peopleeverywhere can participate in, and benefit from, the emerging information society and globaleconomy. The ITU assists in mobilizing the technical, financial, and human resources requiredto make this vision real.For the last 20 years, ITU has been coordinating efforts of government and industry andprivate sector in the development of a global broadband multimedia international mobiletelecommunication system, known as IMT. Since 2000, the world has seen the introduction of the first family of standards derived from the IMT concept. Since May 2007, there are morethan 1 billion IMT-2000 subscribers in the world. IMT-Advanced provides a global platform onwhich to build the next generations of mobile services - fast data access, unified messaging andbroadband multimedia - in the form of exciting new interactive services.A major priority of the ITU is bridging the so-called digital divide by building adequateand safe information and communication infrastructure and developing confidence in the useof cyberspace through enhanced online security.The ITU also concentrates on strengthening emergency communications for disaster preventionand mitigation, especially in less developed regions.   The ITU comprises three sectors, each managing a different aspect of the matters handled bythe Union:RadiocommunicationsSatellites enable phone calls, television programmes, satellite navigation and onlinemaps. Space services are vital in monitoring and transmitting changes in such data as oceantemperature, vegetation patterns and greenhouse gases  – helping us predict famines, the pathof a hurricane, or how the global climate is changing. The explosive growth of wirelesscommunications, particularly to provide broadband services, demonstrates the need for globalsolutions to address the need for additional radio spectrum allocations and harmonizedstandards to improve interoperability.ITU'sRadiocommunication Sector (ITU-R)coordinates this vast and growing range of radiocommunication services, as well as the international management of the radio-frequencyspectrum and satellite orbits. An increasing number of players need to make use of theselimited resources, and participating in ITU-R conferences and study group activities  – whereimportant work is done on mobile broadband communications and broadcasting technologiessuch as Ultra HDTV and 3D TV  – is becoming an ever-higher priority for both governments andindustry players.The ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) is one of the three sectors (divisions orunits) of theInternational Telecommunication Union(ITU) and is responsible forradio communication.Its role is to manage the internationalradio-frequency spectrumandsatellite orbitresources and to develop standards forradiocommunicationsystems with the objective of ensuring theeffective use of thespectrum. ITUis required, according to its Constitution, to allocate spectrum and registerfrequency allocation, orbital positionsand other parameters of satellites ,“in order to avoidharmful interference between radio stations of different countries”. The international  spectrummanagementsystem is therefore based on regulatory procedures forfrequency coordination,  notification and registration.ITU-R has a permanent secretariat, the Radiocommunication Bureau, based at the ITUHQ inGeneva,Switzerland.The elected Director of the Bureau is Mr.François Rancyof France.  First elected by the ITU Membership to the Directorship in 2010.  StandardizationITU standards (called Recommendations) are fundamental to the operation of today’sICT networks. Without ITU standards you couldn’t make a telephone call or surf the Internet. For Internet access, transport protocols, voice and video compression, home networking, andmyriad other aspects of ICTs, hundreds of ITU standards allow systems to work  – locally andglobally. For instance, the Emmy award-winning standard ITU-T H.264 is now one of the mostpopular standards for video compression. In a typical year, ITU will produce or revise upwardsof 150 standards covering everything from core network functionality to next-generationservices such as IPTV. If your product or service requires any kind of international buy-in, youneed to be part of the standardization discussions in ITU’s  Telecommunication StandardizationSector (ITU-T).The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors(divisions or units) of theInternational Telecommunication Union(ITU); it coordinatesstandards fortelecommunications. Thestandardizationwork of ITU dates back to 1865, with the birth of the InternationalTelegraph Union. It became aUnited Nationsspecialized agency in 1947, and the InternationalTelegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee (CCITT, fromFrench:  Comité Consultatif International Téléphonique et Télégraphique ) was created in 1956. It was renamed ITU-T in1993.ITU has been an intergovernmentalpublic-private partnershiporganization since itsinception and now has a membership of 191 countries (Member States) and over 700 publicand private sector companies as well as international and regional telecommunication entities,known as Sector Members and Associates, which undertake most of the work of the Sector. [2]  ITU-T has a permanent secretariat, the Telecommunication Standardization Bureau (TSB), basedat the ITU HQ inGeneva,Switzerland.The elected Director of the Bureau isMalcolm Johnsonof  theUK.Johnson was elected by the ITU Membership to the directorship for a 4-year term inNovember 2006 and was reelected for a second term starting January 2011.Primary functionThe ITU-T mission is to ensure the efficient and timely production of standards coveringall fields of telecommunications on a worldwide basis, as well as defining tariff and accountingprinciples for international telecommunication services.The international standards that are produced by the ITU-T are referred to as Recommendations (with the word ordinarily capitalized to distinguish its meaning from theordinary sense of the word recommendation ), as they become mandatory only when adoptedas part of a national law.Since the ITU-T is part of the ITU, which is a United Nations specialized agency, itsstandards carry more formal international weight than those of most other standardsdevelopment organizations that publish technical specifications of a similar form. [4]    DevelopmentITU'sTelecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D)has a programme to offer you  –  whether you are interested in entering or expanding your presence in emerging markets,demonstrating global ICT leadership, learning how to put good policy into practice, or pursuingyour mandate for corporate social responsibility. In an increasingly networked world, expandingaccess to ICTs globally is in everybody's interest. ITU champions a number of major initiativeswhich encompass ITU's internationally-accorded mandate to ‘bridge the digital divide’ , such asits ITU Connect events or Connect a School, Connect a Community. ITU also regularly publishes the industry’s most comprehensive and reliable ICT statistics.The ITU Telecommunication Development] Sector (ITU-D) is one of the three sectors (divisionsor units) of theInternational Telecommunication Union(ITU); it is responsible for creatingpolicies, regulation and providing training programs and financial strategies in developingcountries.Created in 1992, its secretariat is the Bureau de développement des télécommunications (BDT),known inEnglishas the Telecommunication Development Bureau.
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