Which factors drive illegal immigration? An empirical analysis of the U.S. and the E.U.

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Which factors drive illegal immigration? An empirical analysis of the U.S. and the E.U.
   I Which factors drive illegal immigration?  An empirical analysis of the U.S. and the E.U. Fabrizio Costantino TESI DOCTORAL UPF / 2013-2014 DIRECTOR DE LA TESI   Dr. Iñigo Ortiz de Urbina Gimeno   DEPARTAMENT DE DRET   II   III Abstract This thesis aims to provide quantitative evidence on the flows of illegal immigrants in the U.S. and the E.U. After describing the flows in space and time (years 2000-2011), the actors involved, and the role of criminal organizations as facilitator of illegal immigration, I test the correlation between the variables (GDP Growth Rate, Unemployment Rate, Gini Coefficient and Minimum Wage) recognized by the litereature as drivers of illegal immigration in the U.S. and the E.U. and the number of illegal immigrants apprehended at the border of these areas.   IV   V List of Abbreviations ACS  –   American Community Survey ARDL  –   Autoregressive Distributing Lag BLS - Bureau of Labor Statistics CESifo  –   Center for Economic Studies, Munich Society for the promotion of economic research CESPI  –   Centro Studi di Politica Internazionale CIREFI - Centre for Information, Discussion and Exchange on the Crossing of Frontiers and Immigration CPB  –   United States Custom Border Patrol CPI  –   Consumer Price Index CPS - Current Population Survey CReAM - Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration CRS  –   United States Congressional Research Service DHS - Department of Homeland Security INS - Immigration and Naturalization Service DICE - Database for Institutional Comparisons in Europe E.U.  –   European Union FIMATHU  - Facilitated Illegal Immigration Affecting Austria and Hungary GBP  –   British Pound GCIM  –   Global Commission on International Migration GDP  –   Gross Domestic Product ICMPD - International Centre for Migration Policy Development ILO - International Labor Organization IRCA  –   Immigration Reform Control Act IZA  –   Institute for the Study of Labor
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